قائمة الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة

يبلغ عدد الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة 193 دولة، كل منهم عضو في الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة.[2]

خريطة سياسية للعالم توضح الأراضي المظللة بالأزرق هي دول أعضاء في الأمم المتحدة، عدا أنتاركتيكا، الأراضي الفلسطينية، الڤاتيكان، الصحراء العربية، وهي مظللة بالون الرمادي.
خريطة الدول الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة (تشمل الأراضي المستقلة) المعترف بها من قبل الأمم المتحدة باللون الأزرق[1]


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الأعضاء الأصليون

 
خريطة للدول الأعضاء الحاليون في الأمم المتحدة حسب تاريخ انضمامهم.[3] ██ 1945 (الأعضاء الأصليون) ██ 1946–1959 ██ 1960–1989 ██ 1990–الآن ██ دول مراقبة غير أعضاء



الأعضاء الحاليون


الأعضاء الأصليون في القائمة بخلفية زرقاء وبالخط العريض.

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  أنتيگا وبربودا 11 November 1981
  الأرجنتين 24 October 1945
  أرمنيا 2 March 1992 أعضاء سابقون في: اتحاد الجمهوريات الاشتراكية السوڤيتية
  أستراليا 1 November 1945 أستراليا والأمم المتحدة
  النمسا 14 December 1955
  أذربيجان 2 March 1992 أعضاء سابقون في: اتحاد الجمهوريات الاشتراكية السوڤيتية
  البهاما 18 September 1973
  البحرين 21 September 1971
  بنگلادش 17 September 1974
  بربادوس 9 December 1966
  بلاروس 24 October 1945 أعضاء سابقون في: اتحاد الجمهوريات الاشتراكية السوڤيتية
  بلجيكا 27 December 1945
  بليز 25 September 1981
  بنين [note 1] 20 September 1960
  بوتان 21 September 1971
  بوليڤيا [note 2] 14 November 1945
  البوسنة والهرسك 22 May 1992 عضو سابق في الاتحاد الجمهورية الاشتراكية السوڤيتية: يوغسلاڤيا
  بتسوانا 17 October 1966
  البرازيل 24 October 1945 البرازيل والأمم المتحدة
  بروناي 21 September 1984
  بلغاريا 14 December 1955
  بوركينا فاسو [note 3] 20 September 1960
  بوروندي 18 September 1962
  كمبوديا [note 4] 14 December 1955
  الكاميرون [note 5] 20 September 1960
  كندا 9 November 1945 كندا والأمم المتحدة
  الرأس الأخضر 16 September 1975
  جمهورية أفريقيا الوسطى [note 6] 20 September 1960
  تشاد 20 September 1960
  تشيلي 24 October 1945
  الصين 24 October 1945 Former members: Republic of China and China and the United Nations
  كولومبيا 5 November 1945
  جزر القمر 12 November 1975
  الكونغو [note 7] 20 September 1960
  الكونغو الديمقراطية [note 8] 20 September 1960
  كوستاريكا 2 November 1945
  ساحل العاج [note 9] 20 September 1960
  كرواتيا 22 May 1992 Former members: Yugoslavia
  كوبا 24 October 1945
  قبرص 20 September 1960
  التشيك 19 January 1993 Former members: Czechoslovakia
  الدنمارك 24 October 1945
  جيبوتي 20 September 1977
  دومنيكا 18 December 1978
  جمهورية الدومنيكان 24 October 1945
  الإكوادور 21 December 1945
  مصر 24 October 1945 Former members: United Arab Republic
  السلڤادور 24 October 1945
  غينيا الإستوائية 12 November 1968
  إرتريا 28 May 1993
  إستونيا 17 September 1991 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  إثيوپيا 13 November 1945
  فيجي 13 October 1970 فيجي والأمم المتحدة
  فنلندا 14 December 1955
  فرنسا 24 October 1945 فرنسا والأمم المتحدة
  الگابون 20 September 1960
  گامبيا [note 10] 21 September 1965
  جورجيا 31 July 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  ألمانيا 18 September 1973 Former members: Federal Republic of Germany and German Democratic Republic and Germany and the United Nations
  غانا 8 March 1957
  اليونان 25 October 1945
  گرينادا 17 September 1974
  گواتيمالا 21 November 1945
  غينيا 12 December 1958
  غينيا-بيساو 17 September 1974
  گويانا 20 September 1966
  هايتي 24 October 1945
  هندوراس 17 December 1945
  المجر 14 December 1955
  آيسلندا 19 November 1946
  الهند 30 October 1945 India and the United Nations
  إندونيسيا 28 September 1950 Withdrawal of Indonesia (1965–1966) and إندونسيا والأمم المتحدة
  إيران [note 11] 24 October 1945
  العراق 21 December 1945
  أيرلندا 14 December 1955
  إسرائيل 11 May 1949 Israel, Palestine, and the United Nations
  إيطاليا 14 December 1955
  جامايكا 18 September 1962
  اليابان 18 December 1956 Japan and the United Nations
  الأردن 14 December 1955
  قزخستان [note 12] 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  كنيا 16 December 1963
  كيريباس 14 September 1999
  كوريا الشمالية 17 September 1991
  كوريا الجنوبية 17 September 1991
  الكويت 14 May 1963
  قيرغيزستان 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  لاوس [note 13] 14 December 1955
  لاتڤيا 17 September 1991 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  لبنان 24 October 1945
  لسوتو 17 October 1966
  ليبريا 2 November 1945
  ليبيا[4][note 14] 14 December 1955
  ليختنشتاين 18 September 1990
  لتوانيا 17 September 1991 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  لوكسمبورگ 24 October 1945
  مقدونيا 8 April 1993 Former members: Yugoslavia
  مدغشقر [note 15] 20 September 1960
  ملاوي 1 December 1964
  ماليزيا [note 16] 17 September 1957 Former members: Federation of Malaya
  المالديڤ [note 17] 21 September 1965
  مالي 28 September 1960
  مالطا 1 December 1964
  جزر مارشال 17 September 1991 Marshall Islands and the United Nations
  موريتانيا 27 October 1961
  موريشيوس 24 April 1968
  المكسيك 7 November 1945
  ميكرونزيا 17 September 1991 Federated States of Micronesia and the United Nations
  مولدوڤا [note 18] 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  موناكو 28 May 1993
  منغوليا 27 October 1961
  الجبل الأسود 28 June 2006 Former members: Yugoslavia
  المغرب 12 November 1956
  موزمبيق 16 September 1975
  ميانمار [note 19] 19 April 1948
  ناميبيا 23 April 1990
  ناورو 14 September 1999
  نيپال 14 December 1955
  هولندا 10 December 1945
  نيوزيلندا 24 October 1945 New Zealand and the United Nations
  نيكاراگوا 24 October 1945
  النيجر 20 September 1960
  نيجريا 7 October 1960
  النرويج 27 November 1945
  عُمان 7 October 1971
  پاكستان 30 September 1947 Pakistan and the United Nations
  پالاو 15 December 1994
  پنما 13 November 1945
  پاپوا غينيا الجديدة 10 October 1975
  پاراگواي 24 October 1945
  پيرو 31 October 1945
  الفلپين [note 20] 24 October 1945
  پولندا 24 October 1945
  الپرتغال 14 December 1955
  قطر 21 September 1971
  رومانيا 14 December 1955
  روسيا 24 October 1945 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Soviet Union and the United Nations and Russia and the United Nations
  رواندا 18 September 1962
  سانت كيتس ونڤيس [note 21] 23 September 1983
  سانت لوشيا 18 September 1979
  سانت ڤنسنت والگرنادينز 16 September 1980
  ساموا 15 December 1976
  سان مارينو 2 March 1992
  ساو تومه وپرنسيپه [note 22] 16 September 1975
  السعودية 24 October 1945
  السنغال 28 September 1960
  صربيا 1 November 2000 Former members: Yugoslavia
  سيشل 21 September 1976
  سيراليون 27 September 1961
  سنغافورة 21 September 1965 Former members: Malaysia
  سلوڤاكيا 19 January 1993 Former members: Czechoslovakia
  سلوڤنيا 22 May 1992 Former members: Yugoslavia
  جزر سولومون 19 September 1978
  الصومال 20 September 1960
  جنوب أفريقيا [note 23] 7 November 1945
  جنوب السودان 14 July 2011
  إسپانيا 14 December 1955
  سريلانكا [note 24] 14 December 1955
  السودان 12 November 1956
  سورينام [note 25] 4 December 1975
  سوازيلاند 24 September 1968
  السويد 19 November 1946
   سويسرا 10 September 2002
  سوريا 24 October 1945 Former members: United Arab Republic
  طاجيكستان 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  تنزانيا 14 December 1961 Former members: Tanganyika and Zanzibar
  تايلند [note 26] 16 December 1946
  تيمور الشرقية 27 September 2002
  توگو 20 September 1960
  تونگا 14 September 1999
  ترنيداد وتوباگو 18 September 1962 Trinidad and Tobago and the United Nations
  تونس 12 November 1956
  تركيا 24 October 1945
  تركمنستان 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  توڤالو 5 September 2000 Tuvalu and the United Nations
  أوغندا 25 October 1962
  أوكرانيا 24 October 1945 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  الإمارات العربية المتحدة 9 December 1971
  المملكة المتحدة 24 October 1945 United Kingdom and the United Nations
  الولايات المتحدة 24 October 1945 United States and the United Nations
  أوروگواي 18 December 1945
  اوزبكستان 2 March 1992 Former members: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  ڤانواتو 15 September 1981 Vanuatu and the United Nations
  ڤنزويلا [note 27] 15 November 1945
  ڤيتنام 20 September 1977
  اليمن 30 September 1947 Former members: Yemen and Democratic Yemen
  زامبيا 1 December 1964
  زيمبابوي 25 August 1980
Notes on name changes and variations[5]
  1. ^ بنين: تغير اسمها من داهومي في 1 ديسمبر 1975.
  2. ^ Bolivia (Plurinational State of): Previously referred to as Bolivia.
  3. ^ بوركينا فاسو: تغير اسمها من ڤولتا العليا في 6 أغسطس 1984.
  4. ^ كمبوديا: تغير إلى جمهورية الخمير في 7 أكتوبر 1970، ثم أعيد اسمها لكمبوديا مرة أخرى في 30 أبريل 1975. وتغير اسمها مرة أخرى إلى جمهورية كامپوچيا في 6 أبريل 1976، ثم إلى كمبوديا مرة أخرى في 3 فبراير 1990.
  5. ^ Cameroon: Previously referred to as Cameroun (before merging with Southern Cameroons in 1961). By a letter of 4 January 1974, the Secretary-General was informed that Cameroon had changed its name to the United Republic of Cameroon. Name was changed back to Cameroon on 4 February 1984.
  6. ^ Central African Republic: By a letter of 20 December 1976, the Central African Republic advised that it had changed its name to the Central African Empire. Name was changed back to the Central African Republic on 20 September 1979.
  7. ^ Congo: Previously referred to as Congo (Brazzaville) (to differentiate it from Congo (Leopoldville)) and the People's Republic of the Congo. Name was changed to Congo on 15 November 1971 (after the Democratic Republic of the Congo changed its name to Zaire). Also referred to as Congo (Republic of the).
  8. ^ Democratic Republic of the Congo: Previously referred to as Congo (Leopoldville) (to differentiate it from Congo (Brazzaville)). Name was changed from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Zaire on 27 October 1971, and back to the Democratic Republic of the Congo on 17 May 1997.
  9. ^ Côte d'Ivoire: Previously referred to as Ivory Coast. On 6 November 1985, Côte d’Ivoire requested that its name no longer be translated into different languages; this became fully effective on 1 January 1986.
  10. ^ Gambia: Previously referred to as The Gambia.
  11. ^ Iran (Islamic Republic of): Previously referred to as Iran. By a communication of 5 March 1981, Iran informed the Secretary-General that it should be referred to by its complete name of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
  12. ^ Kazakhstan: Spelling was changed from Kazakstan [ك‍] on 20 June 1997.
  13. ^ Lao People's Democratic Republic: Name was changed from Laos on 2 December 1975.
  14. ^ Libya: Formerly recognised as the Libyan Arab Republic from 1969 after originally being admitted as Libya. By notes verbales of 1 and 21 April 1977, the Libyan Arab Republic advised that it had changed its name to the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. On 16 September 2011, the UN General Assembly awarded the UN seat to the National Transitional Council, thereby restoring the original name of Libya.
  15. ^ Madagascar: Previously referred to as the Malagasy Republic.
  16. ^ Malaysia: Previously referred to as the Federation of Malaya before the admission of Singapore, Sabah (formerly North Borneo), and Sarawak to the federation on 16 September 1963. Singapore became an independent state on 9 August 1965 and a UN member on 21 September 1965.
  17. ^ Maldives: Previously referred to as the Maldive Islands.
  18. ^ Republic of Moldova: Previously referred to as Moldova.
  19. ^ Myanmar: Name was changed from Burma on 18 June 1989.
  20. ^ Philippines: Previously referred to as the Philippine Commonwealth (before becoming a republic in 1946) and as the Philippine Republic.
  21. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis: Name was changed officially from Saint Christopher and Nevis on 26 November 1986; the UN, however, continued to use the former name throughout the year.
  22. ^ Sao Tome and Principe: The official UN designation lacks accents; however, the name is constitutionally defined as São Tomé and Príncipe, with accents.
  23. ^ South Africa: Previously referred to as the Union of South Africa (before becoming a republic in 1961).
  24. ^ Sri Lanka: Name was changed from Ceylon on 22 May 1972.
  25. ^ Suriname: Name was changed from Surinam on 23 January 1978.
  26. ^ Thailand: Previously referred to as Siam.
  27. ^ Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of): Previously referred to as Venezuela.


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أعضاء سابقون

 
The presidency of Ma Ying-jeou saw the first participation of the Republic of China on a United Nations body in almost 40 years.


 
Egyptian president Gamal Nasser (seated right) and Syrian president Shukri al-Quwatli sign the accord to form the United Arab Republic in 1958. The short-lived political union briefly represented both states and was used as the name of Egypt following Syria's withdrawal in 1961.


 
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia disintegrated into several states starting in the early 1990s. By 2006, six UN member states existed in its former territory. The 2008 declaration of independence by the Republic of Kosovo has not been accepted by the United Nations.


ايقاف، تجميد العضوية، والانسحاب

 
Indonesian president Sukarno's decision to withdraw from the United Nations in 1965 is the only instance of a withdrawal of membership in UN history. Indonesia rejoined the UN a year later.


المراقبون والدول غير الأعضاء

 
Switzerland has been neutral in international conflicts since the early 19th century and joined the UN as a full member only in 2002. Despite this, the Palace of Nations in Geneva has hosted the United Nations Office at Geneva since 1946 and also previously served as the headquarters of the League of Nations.
  •   فلسطين
  •   فاتيكان
  • كردستان(كردستان العراق-كردستان تركيا - كردستان إيران - كردستان سوريا)




انظر أيضاً

المصادر

  1. ^ "The World" (PDF). United Nations. The following territories are excluded as the UN does not consider them as part of any member state: Vatican City (the Holy See is a UN non-member observer state), the Palestinian territories (Palestine, represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization, is a UN observer), Western Sahara (status in dispute between Morocco and the Polisario Front), and Antarctica (regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System). Territories of states not recognized by the UN are not excluded due to the UN's position that they are part of some UN member state, including, for example, the territories governed by the Republic of China (Taiwan and other smaller islands), as the UN members voted to consider the People's Republic of China as the only lawful representative of China at the UN and the UN chooses not to question its claim that Taiwan is part of China.
  2. ^ "What are Member States?". United Nations.
  3. ^ "Growth in United Nations membership, 1945–present". United Nations.
  4. ^ Lederer, Edith M. (16 September 2011). "UN approves Libya seat for former rebels". Google News. Associated Press. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Yearbook of the United Nations". United Nations.

وصلات خارجية