حاكم نيويورك

حاكم نيويورك is the head of government of the U.S. state of New York. The governor is the head of the executive branch of New York's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military and naval forces.

حاكم New York
Privy Seal of New York.svg
Seal of the Governor
Flag of the Governor of New York.svg
Standard of the Governor
Andrew Cuomo by Pat Arnow cropped.jpeg
الحالي
Andrew Cuomo

منذ January 1, 2011
الأسلوب
الوضع
المقرNew York State Executive Mansion
طول المدةFour years, no term limit
المجلس التمثيليNew York Constitution of 1777
الشاغل الافتتاحيGeorge Clinton
التشكل30 يوليو 1777;
منذ 244 سنة
 (1777-07-30
النائبLieutenant Governor of New York
الراتب$225,000 (2020)
الموقع الإلكترونيخطأ لوا في وحدة:Official_website على السطر 90: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).

قالب:Politics of New York

The current governor is Andrew Cuomo, a Democrat, who took office on January 1, 2011.

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السلطات والمسئوليات

 
The original Certificate of Election of John Jay as Governor of New York (June 6, 1795)

The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the New York State Legislature, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment.[1] Unlike the other government departments that compose the executive branch of government, the governor is the head of the state Executive Department. The officeholder is afforded the courtesy style of His/Her Excellency while in office.[2]

The governor of New York is often considered a potential candidate for President of the United States. Ten governors have been major-party candidates for president, and 4, Martin Van Buren, Grover Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, and Franklin D. Roosevelt, have won. Six New York governors have gone on to serve as vice president.[3] Additionally 2 Governors of New York, John Jay and Charles Evans Hughes, have served as Chief Justice of the United States.


المؤهلات

Under the New York State Constitution, a person must be at least 30 years of age, a United States citizen, and a resident of the state of New York for at least five years prior to being elected to serve as governor.

التاريخ

The office of Governor was established by the first New York State Constitution in 1777 to coincide with the calendar year.[بحاجة لمصدر] An 1874 amendment extended the term of office to three years,[بحاجة لمصدر] but the 1894 constitution reduced it to two years.[بحاجة لمصدر] The most recent constitution of 1938 extended the term to the current four years.[بحاجة لمصدر]

خط التعاقب

The Constitution of New York has provided since 1777 for the election of a Lieutenant Governor of New York, who also acts as President of the State Senate, to the same term (keeping the same term lengths as the governor throughout all the constitutional revisions).[بحاجة لمصدر] Originally, in the event of the death, resignation or impeachment of the governor, or absence from the state, the lieutenant governor would take on the governor's duties and powers.[بحاجة لمصدر] Since the 1938 constitution, the lieutenant governor explicitly becomes governor upon such vacancy in the office.[بحاجة لمصدر]

Should the office of lieutenant governor become vacant, the president pro tempore of the state senate[4] performs the duties of a lieutenant governor until the governor can take back the duties of the office, or the next election; likewise, should both offices become vacant, the president pro tempore acts as governor, with the office of lieutenant governor remaining vacant. Although no provision exists in the constitution for it, precedent set in 2009 allows the governor to appoint a lieutenant governor should a vacancy occur.[5] Should the president pro tempore be unable to fulfill the duties, the speaker of the assembly is next in the line of succession.[بحاجة لمصدر] The lieutenant governor is elected on the same ticket as the governor, but nominated separately.[بحاجة لمصدر]

خط التعاقب:

  1. Lieutenant Governor
  2. Temporary President of the Senate
  3. Speaker of the Assembly
  4. Attorney General
  5. Comptroller
  6. Commissioner of Transportation
  7. Commissioner of Health
  8. Commissioner of Commerce
  9. Industrial Commissioner
  10. Chairman of the Public Service Commission
  11. Secretary of State[6]

انظر أيضاً

المراجع

  1. ^ "The Constitution of the State of New York" (PDF). New York Department of State. New York Department of State — Division of Administrative Rules. January 1, 2015. p. 14. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  2. ^ New York Chamber of Commerce (1899). Annual banquet of the Chamber of Commerce of the State of New York. Addresses made on the occasion. 131. p. 23. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  3. ^ Edward V. Schneier, John Brian Murtaugh, and Antoinette Pole, New York Politics: A Tale of Two States (2nd edition) (2010)
  4. ^ The state constitutions refer to this position as the "temporary president of the senate"
  5. ^ Peters, Jeremy W.; Chan, Sewell (September 22, 2009). "In 4-3 Vote, Court Says Paterson Can Appoint Lt. Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  6. ^ http://law.justia.com/codes/new-york/2012/dea

وصلات خارجية