القائد الأعلى

(تم التحويل من Commander-in-chief)

القائد الأعلي Supreme leader

هذه السلسلة جزء من مقالات عن
السياسة

بوابة السياسة
 ع  ن  ت

typically refers to the person among a number of leaders of a state, organization or other such group who has been given or is able to exercise the most – or complete – authority over it. In a religion, this role is usually satisfied by a person deemed to be the representative or manifestation of a god or gods on Earth. In politics, a supreme leader usually has a cult of personality associated with them, such as below:

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قائمة الألقاب

مسرودة حسب تاريخ التأسيس.


ع1920 وقبله

الحرب العالمية الثانية

فترة الحرب الباردة

فترة ما بعد الحرب الباردة

الهامش

  1. ^ William C. Kirby (ed.), Realms of Freedom in Modern China, p. 121
  2. ^ أ ب ت Tertitskiy, Fyodor (19 January 2015). "Leader, Sun, Mentor, Guide: How North Korean leaders choose their titles". NK*News. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  3. ^ Mydans, Seth (17 April 1998). "Death of Pol Pot; Pol Pot, Brutal Dictator Who Forced Cambodians to Killing Fields, Dies at 73". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  4. ^ Carroll, Rory (2013). Commandante: myth and reality in Hugo Chávez's Venezuela. New York: The Penguin Press. ISBN 978-1-59420-457-9.
  5. ^ "Why China is reviving Mao's grandiose title for Xi Jinping". South China Morning Post (in الإنجليزية). 2017-10-28. Retrieved 2019-07-24.
  6. ^ "Xi Jinping is no longer any old leader". The Economist. 2018-02-17. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2019-07-24.
  7. ^ Walker, Shaun (2015-04-24). "Kazakhstan election avoids question of Nazarbayev successor". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-09-08.
  8. ^ Cummings, Sally N. (2010). Symbolism and Power in Central Asia: Politics of the Spectacular. Milton, United Kingdom: Routledge. pp. 91–92. ISBN 978-0415575676.
  9. ^ Walker, Shaun (2015-05-25). "A horse, a horse… Turkmenistan president honours himself with statue". The Guardian.
  10. ^ Bhatti, Haseeb (2018-02-21). "Nawaz Sharif removed as PML-N head after SC rules disqualified person cannot lead a party". DAWN.COM (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2018-03-01.