افتح القائمة الرئيسية

رگنزبورگ

(تم التحويل من Regensburg)
هذا المقال يتضمن أسماءً أعجمية تتطلب حروفاً إضافية (پ چ ژ گ ڤ ڠ).
لمطالعة نسخة مبسطة، بدون حروف إضافية

Regensburg (الأمريكي /ˈrɡənzbɜːrɡ,_ˈrɡənsbʊərk/,[1][2] ألمانية: [ˈʁeːɡn̩sbʊɐ̯k]  (Speaker Icon.svg listen); older بالإنگليزية: Ratisbon /ˈrætɪsbɒn/;[3] باڤارية: Rengschburg or Rengschburch) is a city in south-east Germany, at the confluence of the Danube, Naab and Regen rivers. With more than 150,000 inhabitants, Regensburg is the fourth-largest city in the State of Bavaria after Munich, Nuremberg and Augsburg. The city is the political, economic and cultural centre and capital of the Upper Palatinate.

رگنزبورگ
Rgbg-dom und rathaus.jpg
علم رگنزبورگ
Flag
درع رگنزبورگ
Coat of arms
رگنزبورگ is located in ألمانيا
رگنزبورگ
رگنزبورگ
رگنزبورگ is located in Bavaria
رگنزبورگ
رگنزبورگ
الإحداثيات: 49°1′N 12°5′E / 49.017°N 12.083°E / 49.017; 12.083Coordinates: 49°1′N 12°5′E / 49.017°N 12.083°E / 49.017; 12.083
البلدألمانيا
الولايةباڤاريا
DistrictUrban district
التقسيمات18 districts
الحكومة
 • Lord mayorGertrud Maltz-Schwarzfischer (SPD)
المساحة
 • الإجمالي80٫76 كم² (31٫18 ميل²)
Population
 (2006-9-30)
 • Total130٬080
 • Density1٬600/km2 (4٬200/sq mi)
منطقة التوقيتCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
93001–93059
Dialling codes0941
Vehicle registrationR
الموقع الإلكترونيwww.regensburg.de
موقع تراث عالمي لليونسكو
Official nameOld town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof
السماتCultural: ii, iii, iv
مراجع1155
التدوين2006 (30 Session)
المساحة182.8 ha
منطقة عازلة775.6 ha

The medieval centre of the city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 2014, Regensburg was among the top sights and travel attractions in Germany.[4]

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فهرست

التاريخ

التاريخ المبكر

 
The remains of the East Tower of the Porta Praetoria from Roman times

The first settlements in Regensburg date from the Stone Age. The Celtic name Radasbona was the oldest given to a settlement near the present city. Around AD 90, the Romans built a fort there.


العصور الوسطى

مدينة رگنزبورگ الامبراطورية

Reichsstadt Regensburg  (ألمانية)
1245–1803
الوضعCity-state of الامبراطورية الرومانية المقدسة
العاصمةرگنزبورگ
الحكومةجمهورية
الحقبة التاريخيةMiddle Ages
• Gained Imperial immediacy (Reichsfreiheit)a
1245
• City annexed by باڤاريا
1486–96
1541
• City adopted Reformation
1542
• Made permanent seat of the Imperial Diet
1663
• Mediatised إلى مطرانية جديدة2
27 April 1803
• انتقلت إلى باڤاريا طبقاً لمعاهدة پاريس
1810
Preceded by
Succeeded by
  دوقية باڤاريا
مطرانية رگنزبورگ  
اليوم جزء منألمانيا
a: أسقفية رگنزبورگ acquired Imperial immediacy around the same time as the City. Of the three Imperial Abbeys in Regensburg, Niedermünster had already acquired immediacy in 1002, St. Emmeram's Abbey did in 1295 and Obermünster in 1315.
b: The Bishopric, the Imperial City and all three Imperial Abbeys were mediatised simultaneously.
 
Territory of Regensburg on an 18th-century map

الجغرافيا

 
قناة الراين-ماين-دوناو عند هويس شتات-آم-هوف، رگنزبورگ


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المناخ

The warmest month of the year, on average, is July. The coolest month of the year, on average, is January.

بيانات مناخ رگنزبورگ
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 2.6
(36.7)
4.1
(39.4)
10.5
(50.9)
17.3
(63.1)
20.6
(69.1)
24.2
(75.6)
26.3
(79.3)
24.5
(76.1)
20.6
(69.1)
14.4
(57.9)
7.2
(45)
2.9
(37.2)
14٫6
(58٫3)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) -2.6
(27.3)
-2.8
(27)
0.1
(32.2)
4.4
(39.9)
8.1
(46.6)
11.8
(53.2)
13.6
(56.5)
12.5
(54.5)
9.3
(48.7)
5.1
(41.2)
1.8
(35.2)
-1.7
(28.9)
5٫0
(41)
هطول mm (inches) 51
(2.01)
34
(1.34)
37
(1.46)
41
(1.61)
76
(2.99)
77
(3.03)
81
(3.19)
79
(3.11)
43
(1.69)
38
(1.5)
45
(1.77)
56
(2.2)
658
(25٫91)
Humidity 88 84 78 72 71 71 70 74 79 84 88 89 79
Sunshine hours 44 73 140 194 211 226 240 194 158 105 45 37 1٬667
Source #1: World Meteorological Organisation[5]
Source #2: German Weather Service[6]

Main sights

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City

 
St. Peter's Church – the Regensburg Cathedral
 
Kohlenmarkt with Town Hall, site of the Perpetual Diet from 1663 to 1806.
 
St. Emmeram's Abbey, now Schloss Thurn und Taxis, a huge palace

Demographics

Population

In May 2017, Regensburg had 164,896 inhabitants,[7] making it the fourth largest city in Bavaria. Over the last hundred years, the city has experienced a strong increase in population, surpassing 100,000 inhabitants in 1945 due to Germans who were ethnically cleansed from eastern parts of the Third Reich, especially from the Sudetenland. Today, Regensburg is one of the fastest-growing cities in Germany.
 

International communities

Nearly 12% of the total population are foreign residents. Most of them come from Turkey and Central and Eastern Europe:[8]

Nation Population (31.12 2019)
  رومانيا 2,660
  بلغاريا 1,970
  سوريا 1,605
  تركيا 1,535
  العراق 1,480
Total: 30,535

Religion

A majority of Regensburg's population is Roman Catholic. In 2017, about 51.4% of the city's inhabitants identified with the Roman Catholic Church, 13.1% were registered Protestants and about 35.5% identified with other religions or did not have any registered religious affiliation.[9]

Politics

Government

The Lord Mayor and the City Council are elected for a period of six years. Both elections take place at the same time. The City Council is composed of 51 members and includes the Lord Mayor, two deputy mayors, five counsellors and the other council members.

The municipal elections in Bavaria of 2014 delivered the following results:

Party votes change seats change cooperation
Social Democratic Party 33,7% +12,2 17 +6 X
Christian Social Union 32,8% –7,1 16 –4
The Greens 10,5% -0,1 5 - X
Free Voters 6,9% -0,2 3 -1 X
Ecological Democratic Party 6,4% -0,5 3 -
The Left 3,1% -1,5 2 -
Free Democratic Party 3,0% -2,4 2 -1 X
Pirate Party 2,3% +2,3 1 +1 X
Christian Social Federation 1,5% -2,3 1 -1

After 18 years of a City Council with conservative majority, the social-democratic candidate, Joachim Wolbergs, became Lord Mayor of Regensburg in May 2014. He was succeeded by Gertrud Maltz-Schwarzfischer in May 2020, who is also a social-democratic politician.


Twin towns – sister cities

Regensburg is twinned with:

Economy

Regensburg's economy counts among the most dynamic and fastest growing in Germany.[12] Focus is on manufacturing industries, such as automotive, industrial and electrical engineering.


Notable residents

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ قالب:Cite American Heritage Dictionary
  2. ^ قالب:Cite Merriam-Webster
  3. ^ Noah Webster (1884) A Practical Dictionary of the English Language
  4. ^ Deutsche Zentrale für Tourismus e.V. (2015-08-14). "The TOP 100 sights and attractions in Germany | Tourism in Germany – travel, breaks, holidays". germany.travel. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
  5. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Regensburg". June 2011.
  6. ^ "Klima Regensburg - Station Regensburg (365 m)". Wetterdienst.de. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  7. ^ https://www.regensburg.de/buergerservice/statistik
  8. ^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch der Stadt Regensburg" (PDF). Stadt Regensburg – Amt für Stadtentwicklung. Retrieved 2016-05-30.
  9. ^ "Stadt Regensburg – Abteilung Statistik". statistik.regensburg.de. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  10. ^ "Who is Aberdeen twinned with?". Aberdeen City Council. Archived from the original on 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2008-03-02.
  11. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-26.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  12. ^ "Prognos Zukunftsatlas 2013: Ergebnisübersicht Gesamtranking" (PDF). 7 November 2013. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
  13. ^ "Hanisch, Joseph (Josef)". Bayerisches Musiker-Lexikon Online (BMLO). Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  14. ^ قالب:Cite ADB
  15. ^ "Book of Nature". World Digital Library. 1481. Retrieved 2013-08-27.

References

  • David L. Sheffler, Schools and Schooling in Late Medieval Germany: Regensburg, 1250–1500 (Leiden, Brill, 2008) (Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, 33).

External links

قالب:Germany districts Bavaria

قالب:WWII DP camps