پالاوان

(تم التحويل من Palawan)

Palawan (Pron. /pəˈlɑːwɑ:n/), officially the Province of Palawan (Cuyonon: Probinsya i'ang Palawan; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Palawan) is an archipelagic province of the Philippines that is located in the Mimaropa region. It is the largest province in the country in terms of total area of jurisdiction. Its capital is the City of Puerto Princesa, but it is governed independently from the province as a highly urbanized city.

پالاوان

Palawan
مقاطعة پالاوان
Palawan Provincial Capitol
Palawan Provincial Capitol
علم پالاوان
Flag
الختم الرسمي لـ پالاوان
Seal
الكنية: 
  • Philippines' Best Island[1]
  • Philippines' Last Frontier[2][3]
  • The (Spaniards') Land of Promise[4]
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
الإحداثيات: 10°00′N 118°50′E / 10.000°N 118.833°E / 10.000; 118.833
البلد الفلپين
المنطقةميماروپا (في انتقال[5][6])
تأسست1818
العاصمةپوِرتو پرنسسا
الحكومة
 • النوعSangguniang Panlalawigan
 • الحاكمJose C. Alvarez (NPC)
 • نائب الحاكمVictorino Dennis M. Socrates (NUP)
المساحة
 • الإجمالي14٬649٫73 كم² (5٬656٫29 ميل²)
ترتيب المساحة1st out of 81
 (excludes Puerto Princesa)
أعلى منسوب2,085 m (6٬841 ft)
التعداد
 (2015)
 • الإجمالي849٬469
 • الترتيب31st out of 81
 • الكثافة58/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • ترتيب الكثافة79th out of 81
 (excludes Puerto Princesa)
صفة المواطنPalaweño
Divisions
 • Independent cities
 • Component cities0
 • Municipalities
 • Barangays
 • Districts1st to 3rd districts of Palawan (shared with Puerto Princesa City)
منطقة التوقيتUTC+8 (PHT)
ZIP Code
{{safesubst:#property:P281}}
IDD:مفتاح الهاتف{{#property:P474}} (0){{safesubst:#property:P473}}
ISO 3166 code{{safesubst:#property:P300}}
Spoken languages
الموقع الإلكتروني{{URL|example.com|optional display text}}

The islands of Palawan stretch between Mindoro in the northeast and Borneo in the southwest. It lies between the South China Sea and the Sulu Sea. The province is named after its largest island, Palawan Island (09°30′N 118°30′E / 9.500°N 118.500°E / 9.500; 118.500), measuring 450 kiloمترs (280 ميل) long, and 50 kiloمترs (31 ميل) wide.[8][9]

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التاريخ

The early history of Palawan was determined by a team of researchers led by Dr. Robert B. Fox. They found evidence in the Tabon Caves that humans have lived in Palawan for more than 50,000 years. They also found human bone fragments, from an individual known as Tabon Man, in the municipality of Quezon, as well as tools and other artifacts. Although the origin of the cave dwellers is not yet established, anthropologists believe they may have come from Borneo. The Tabon Caves are now known as the Cradle of Philippine Civilization[8]



السكان

Population census of Palawan
السنةتعداد±% سنوياً
1903 34٬488—    
1918 62٬626+4.06%
1939 82٬786+1.34%
1948 91٬092+1.07%
1960 139٬544+3.62%
1970 198٬861+3.61%
1975 254٬356+5.05%
السنةتعداد±% سنوياً
1980 311٬548+4.14%
1990 436٬140+3.42%
1995 510٬909+3.22%
2000 593٬500+3.04%
2007 682٬152+2.01%
2010 771٬667+4.20%
(excluding Puerto Princesa City)
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[10][11][12][13]

الإسلام

While the formerly Muslim majority population in Mindanao was reduced to 40% as a result of the influx of Christian Filipino settlers in the 20th century, اعتبارا من 2015 Muslims were reported by the Routledge Handbook of Southeast Asian Democratization as forming an "overwhelming majority" in Palawan, as well as the Sulu Archipelago.[14] However, other sources had earlier reported a 50-50 split between Muslims and Christians—with Muslims concentrated mostly in the south of Palawan.[15][16]

Other religions

There are Buddhists - mainly Vietnamese refugees[بحاجة لمصدر] who settled in Palawan, as well as some ethnic Chinese Buddhists. One notable Vietnamese Buddhist Temple in Palawan is Chùa Vạn Pháp.[17]

Most of the ethnic minorities such as Batak and Tagbanwa are animists, but many have become Christians (usually Protestant) or have joined other sects.

اللغة

There are 52 languages and dialects in the province, with Tagalog being spoken by more than 50 percent of the people. Languages native to the islands are Cuyonon (26.27 percent), and Palawano (4.0 percent). Hiligaynon is also present (19 percent).

الاقتصاد

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

This park features a large limestone karst landscape with an underground river. One of the river's distinguishing features is that it emerges directly into the sea, and its lower portion is subject to tidal influences. The area also represents a significant habitat for biodiversity conservation. The site contains a full 'mountain-to-sea' ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in Asia.

The Tubbataha Reef Marine Park covers 332 km2, including the North and South Reefs. It is a unique example of an atoll reef with a very high density of marine species; the North Islet serving as a nesting site for birds and marine turtles. The site is an excellent example of a pristine coral reef with a spectacular 100 m perpendicular wall, extensive lagoons and two coral islands.

Ursula Island

This game refuge and bird sanctuary is situated near the Municipality of Brooke's Point in southern Palawan. The islet is a migratory and wintering ground for shorebirds and seabirds.[18]

Rasa Island Wildlife Sanctuary

مقال رئيسي: Rasa Island

This 1,983-هكتار (4,900-أكر) protected area located in the municipality of Narra is a nesting ground of the endemic Philippine cockatoo or katala. It also harbors other rare bird species and marine turtles.

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ "World's Best Islands 2013".Travel + Leisure. 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2016
  2. ^ "Environment and development in coastal regions and in small islands: The points man in the Philippines' last frontier" (Extract from UNESCO Sources (131) published on February, 2001, page 14). UNESCO. February 2001. Retrieved 12 February 2015. The Island Province of Palawan, often called the Philippines’ last frontier, has a unique concentration of UNESCO coastal and small island initiatives.
  3. ^ "Palawan Biodiversity Corridor The Philippines' last biodiversity frontier". Conservation International Philippines. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  4. ^ "The Mysterious Paradise of Palawan". Private Islands Magazine. Retrieved 12 February 2015. A naturally rich region with abundant forests and fishing, there’s little wonder that early Spanish explorers referred to Palawan as the ‘Land of Promise’.
  5. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة EO429
  6. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة AO129
  7. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  8. ^ أ ب WowPhilippines:Palawan - the Philippines' Last Frontier. Accessed August 27, 2008. Archived June 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ MSN Encarta: Palawan. Accessed September 05, 2008.
  10. ^ Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved 20 يونيو 2016. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities (PDF). NSO. Retrieved 29 يونيو 2016. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  12. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities (PDF). NSO. Retrieved 29 يونيو 2016. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  13. ^ "Fact Sheet; Region IV-B; MIMAROPA' 2007 Census of Population" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority - Region IV-B. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  14. ^ Case, William (2015). Routledge Handbook of Southeast Asian Democratization. Routledge. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-317-38006-1.
  15. ^ Burns, P.; Novelli, Marina, eds. (2008). Tourism Development: Growth, Myths, and Inequalities. CABI. p. 61. ISBN 9781845934262.
  16. ^ James Eder (8 Apr 2008). Migrants to the Coasts: Livelihood, Resource Management, and Global Change in the Philippines. Cengage Learning. p. 33. ISBN 9781111799373.
  17. ^ Chùa Vạn Pháp Palawan
  18. ^ Palawan Tourism Council: Palawan Environment. Accessed August 28, 2008.

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Palawan