مجلس الأمن القومي الأمريكي

مجلس الأمن القومي الأمريكي (National Security Council, NSC) في البيت الأبيض، هو مجلس تابع للرئاسة الأمريكية يختص بقضايا الأمن القومي والأمور المتعلقة بالسياسة الخارجية مع مستشار الأمن القومي ومجلس وزراء الولايات المتحدة وهو جزء من المكتب التنفيذي للولايات المتحدة. ومنذ إنشائه في 1947 بعهد هاري ترومان، كانت وظيفة المجلس هي نصح ومساعدة الرئيس في قضايا الأمن القومي والسياسة الخارجية. كما خدم المجلس كذراع رئيسي للرئيس لتنسيق تلك السياسات بين مختلف الوكالات الحكومية. وللمجلس نظراء في مجالس الأمن القومي للعديد من البلدان.

مجلس الأمن القومي للولايات المتحدة
United States National Security Council
Seal of the Executive Office of the President of the United States 2014.svg
استعراض الوكالة
تشكلت18 سبتمبر 1947 (1947-09-18)
المقر الرئيسيمبنى آيزنهاور للمكتب التنفيذي
تنفيذي الوكالةs
الوكالة الأمالمكتب التنفيذي لرئيس الولايات المتحدة
الموقع الإلكترونيموقع مجلس الأمن القومي الأمريكي

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التاريخ


العضوية

Structure of the United States National Security Council[1]
Chairman President
Statutory attendees[2] Vice President
Secretary of State
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Energy
Secretary of the Treasury
Military Advisor (and regular attendee) Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff[3]
Intelligence Advisor (and regular attendee) Director of National Intelligence[3]
Drug Policy Advisor Director of National Drug Control Policy
Regular attendees National Security Advisor
Deputy National Security Advisor
Homeland Security Advisor
Attorney General
White House Chief of Staff
Additional participants Secretary of Homeland Security
White House Counsel
Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
Assistant to the President for Economic Policy
Ambassador to the United Nations
United States Trade Representative
Director of Office of Management and Budget
U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate[4]


أعضاء جدد

During his presidential transition, President-elect Joe Biden announced the creation of the position of U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate, the occupant of which will be a member of the National Security Council.[5]

الكوادر الرئيسية

  • Assistant to the President and National Security Advisor: جيك سوليڤان[6]
    • Senior Advisor to the National Security Advisor: Ariana Berengaut
    • Chief of Staff and Executive Secretary for the National Security Council: Yohannes Abraham[6]
        • Advisor to the Chief of Staff and Executive Secretary for the National Security Council: Medha Raj[7]
      • Deputy Chief of Staff and Deputy Executive Secretary: Ryan Harper
      • Deputy Executive Secretary: Dilpreet Sidhu[8]
        • Deputy Director for Visits and Diplomatic Affairs: Darius Edgerton[9]
        • Associate Director for Visits and Diplomatic Affairs: Nicole Fasano[10]
    • Assistant to the President and Principal Deputy National Security Advisor: Jonathan Finer[6]
      • Senior Advisor to the Principal Deputy National Security Advisor: Ella Lipin
    • Assistant to the President and Homeland Security Advisor and Deputy National Security Advisor: Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President & Deputy National Security Advisor for Cyber and Emerging Technology: Anne Neuberger[6]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President, Deputy Director of the National Economic Council and Deputy National Security Advisor for International Economics: Daleep Singh
    • Assistant to the President, Deputy Counsel to the President and National Security Council Legal Advisor: Johnathan Cedarbaum[6]
      • Associate Counsel and Deputy Legal Advisor to the NSC: Ashley Deeks
      • Director for Global Criminal Justice: Steven Hill[14]
    • Senior Director for Defense: Cara Abercrombie
      • Director for Defense Innovation and Cyber Policy: Lt. Colonel Nadine Nally (United States Army)[15]
      • Director for Space Policy: Audrey Schaffer[16]
    • Senior Director for Strategic Planning: Sasha Baker
      • Director for Strategic Planning: Alexander Bick[17]
      • Director for Planning and Programming: Gelila Teshome[18]
    • Senior Director for Partnerships and Global Engagement: Tanya Bradsher
      • Director for Partnerships: Jim Thompson[19]
    • Senior Director for Legislative Affairs: Rebecca Brocato
      • Director for Legislative Affairs: Amanda Lorman[20]
      • Director for Legislative Affairs: Nicole Tisdale[21]
        • Chief of Staff & Policy Advisor for Legislative Affairs: Gershom Sacks[22]
    • Senior Director for Global Health Security and Biodefense: Elizabeth Cameron
      • Director for Biodefense: Daniel Gastfriend[23]
      • Director for Biotechnology Risks and Biological Weapon Nonproliferation: Megan Frisk[24]
      • Director for Countering Biological Threats & Global Health Security: Mark Lucera[24]
      • Director for Medical and Biodefense Preparedness/ Director for International COVID Response: Hilary Marston[24]
      • Senior Advisor and Director for Emerging Biological Threats: Maureen Bartee[25]
    • Co-ordinator for the Indo-Pacific: Kurt M. Campbell
      • Senior Director for East Asia and Oceania: Edgard Kagan
      • Senior Director for South Asia: Sumona Guha
      • Senior Director for China: Laura Rosenberger[26]
      • Senior Director for China: Rush Doshi[26]
        • Director for China: Julian Gewirtz[26]
      • Special Assistant, National Security Council Indo-Pacific Directorate: Sarah Donilon[27]
    • Co-ordinator for Technology and National Security: Jason Matheny[28]
      • Senior Director for Technology and National Security: Tarun Chhabra
        • Director for Technology and National Security: Saif M. Khan[29]
        • Director for Technology and National Security: Michelle Rozo[30]
        • Director for Technology and Democracy: Chanan Weissman[31]
    • Senior Director for Resilience and Response: Caitlin Durkovich
      • Director for Resilience and Response: Nabeela Barbari[32]
    • Senior Director for Intelligence Programs: Maher Bitar[33]
    • Senior Director for Development, Global Health & Humanitarian Response: Linda Etim
      • Director for Global Health: Ladan Fakory[24]
      • Director for Global Health Response: Nidhi Bouri[24]
      • Director for Humanitarian Coordination: Rachel Grant[24]
      • Director for Refugees: Jacqui Pilch[34]
    • Senior Director for Western Hemisphere Affairs: Juan Gonzalez
      • Director for Brazil and the Southern Cone: Kate M. Putnam[35]
      • Director for Regional Protection and Migration Management: Eric Sigmon[36]
    • Senior Director for International Economics and Competitiveness: Peter Harrell
      • Director for International Economics and Competitiveness: Adam Deutsch[37]
      • Director for International Economics and Competitiveness: Jessica McBroom[38]
      • Director for Digital Technology Policy and International Economics: Ruth Berry[39]
    • Senior Director for International Economics and Labor: Jennifer M. Harris
    • Senior Director for Press & NSC Spokesperson: Emily Horne
      • Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Patrick Evans[40]
      • Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Dean Lieberman[40]
      • Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Kedenard Raymond[40]
      • Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Sean Savett[40]
      • Director of Strategic Communications/ Assistant Press Secretary: Saloni Sharma[40]
        • Policy Advisor, Office of the Spokesperson and Senior Director for Press/ Strategic Communications: Jasmine Williams[40]
    • Co-ordinator for the Southern Border: TBC
    • Senior Director for Africa: Dana L. Banks[41]
      • Director for African Affairs: F. David Diaz[42]
      • Director for Africa: Deniece Laurent-Mantey[43]
    • Co-ordinator for Democracy and Human Rights: Shanthi Kalathil
      • Senior Director for Democracy and Human Rights: Rob Berschinski[44]
        • Director for Democracy and Human Rights: Tess McEnery[45]
        • Director for Human Rights and Civil Society: Jesse Bernstein[46]
        • Director for Anticorruption: Chandana Ravi[47]
    • Senior Director for Russia and Central Asia: Eric Green[48]
      • Director for Russia: Katrina Elledge[49]
    • Senior Director for Counter-terrorism: Clare Linkins
      • Director for Counter-terrorism: Alexandra Miller[50]
      • Director for Counter-terrorism: Annie Rohroff[51]
    • Senior Director for Europe: Amanda Sloat
    • Co-ordinator for Middle East and North Africa: Brett McGurk
      • Senior Director for Middle East and North Africa: Ambassador Barbara A. Leaf
        • Director for the Arabian Peninsula: Evyenia Sidereas[51]
        • Director for Iran: Sam Martin[51]
        • Director for Iraq and Syria: Zehra Bell[51]
        • Director for Israeli-Palestinian Affairs: Julie Sawyer[51]
        • Director for Jordan and Lebanon: Maxwell Martin[51]
        • Director for North African Affairs: Josh Harris[51]
        • Director for Political-Military Affairs and Yemen: K.C. Evans[51]
    • Senior Director for Energy & Climate Change: Melaine Nakagawa
      • Director for Climate Diplomacy and Energy Transformation: Helaina Matza[52]
      • Director for Climate Investment, Trade, and Environment: Victoria Orero[53]
      • Director for Climate Security and Resilience: Jennifer DeCesaro[54]
    • Senior Director for Speechwriting and Strategic Initiatives: Carlyn Reichel
    • Senior Director for Multilateral Affairs: Curtis Ried
      • Director for Global Engagement and Multilateral Diplomacy at the NSC and NEC: Andy Rabens[55]
      • Director for Multilateral Initiatives: Negah Angha[56]
    • Senior Director for Arms Control, Disarmament & Non-Proliferation: Mallory Stewart
    • Senior Director for Cyber: Andrew Scott[57]
      • Director for International Cyber Policy: Teddy Nemeroff[58]
    • Senior Director for Cybersecurity and Policy: Amit Mital[59]
      • Director for Cybersecurity and Secure Digital Innovation: Carole House[60]
    • Senior Director for Trans-border: Katie Tobin
      • Director for Trans-border Security: Andrea Flores[61]

انظر أيضا

قراءات إضافية

المصادر


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وصلات خارجية

قالب:HistoryUSNatSecCouncil

  1. ^ "Organization of the National Security Council System" (PDF). February 13, 2009.
  2. ^ "National Security Council". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved March 15, 2017 – via National Archives.
  3. ^ أ ب Office of the Press Secretary (January 28, 2017). "Organization of the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council" (PDF) (Press release). White House Office. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
  4. ^ "Biden to Convene World Leaders to Talk Climate on Earth Day". Bloomberg.com (in الإنجليزية). 2021-01-22. Retrieved 2021-02-27.
  5. ^ Kate Sullivan. "Biden prioritizes climate crisis by naming John Kerry special envoy". CNN. Retrieved 2020-12-13.
  6. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح خ "White House Senior Staff". Biden-Harris Transition. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 20, 2021 – via Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Wren, Adam. "Knowing the Buttiverse: We're tracking 59 ex-staffers from Secretary Pete's 2020 campaign and where they are now". Business Insider (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  8. ^ "Dilpreet Sidhu LinkedIn profile".
  9. ^ "Darius Edgerton LinkedIn profile".
  10. ^ "Nicole Fasano LinkedIn profile".
  11. ^ أ ب "https://twitter.com/alexbward/status/1413620983173365768". Twitter (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-07-10. External link in |title= (help)
  12. ^ February 19; 2021. "More Harvard Law faculty and alumni tapped to serve in the Biden administration". Harvard Law Today (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-04.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ "John MacWilliams LinkedIn profile".
  14. ^ "Steven Hill LinkedIn profile".
  15. ^ "Nadine Nally LinkedIn profile".
  16. ^ "Audrey Schaffer LinkedIn profile".
  17. ^ "Alexander Bick LinkedIn profile".
  18. ^ [Gelila Teshome LinkedIn profile "https://www.linkedin.com/in/gelila-a-teshome-70225b3/"] Check |url= value (help). External link in |title= (help)
  19. ^ "Jim Thompson LinkedIn profile".
  20. ^ "Amanda Lorman LinkedIn profile".
  21. ^ "Nicole Tisdale LinkedIn profile".
  22. ^ "Gershom Sacks LinkedIn profile".
  23. ^ "Daniel Gastfriend LinkedIn profile".
  24. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح May 10, Published; 2021 (2021-05-10). "Key Global Health Positions and Officials in the U.S. Government". KFF (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-04.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  25. ^ "Maureen Bartee LinkedIn profile".
  26. ^ أ ب ت Wertime, David. "Challenger to the throne: A Biden China doctrine emerges". POLITICO (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  27. ^ Stein, Sam; Meyer, Theodoric. "What Biden really thinks of the Jan. 6 commission". POLITICO (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  28. ^ "Jason Matheny LinkedIn profile".
  29. ^ "Saif M. Khan LinkedIn profile".
  30. ^ "Michelle Rozo LinkedIn profile".
  31. ^ "Chanan Weissman LinkedIn profile".
  32. ^ "StackPath". www.meritalk.com. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  33. ^ Bertr, Natasha. "He helped Adam Schiff impeach Trump. Now he's joining Biden's NSC". POLITICO (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  34. ^ "Jacqui Pilch LinkedIn profile".
  35. ^ "Kate M. Putnam LinkedIn profile".
  36. ^ "Eric Sigmon LinkedIn profile".
  37. ^ "Adam Deutsch LinkedIn profile".
  38. ^ "Jessica McBroom LinkedIn profile".
  39. ^ "Ruth Berry LinkedIn profile".
  40. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح Bade, Rachael; Lizza, Ryan; Daniels, Eugene; Palmeri, Tara. "POLITICO Playbook: GOP dreads the return of Trump rallies". POLITICO (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  41. ^ Kohn, Henry. "Biden administration shows promise for U.S.-Africa relations, but can it deliver? • Today News Africa". todaynewsafrica.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  42. ^ "F. David Diaz LinkedIn profile".
  43. ^ "Deniece Laurent-Mantey LinkedIn profile".
  44. ^ Ward, Alex (2021-03-12). "Biden's National Security Council to get a key human rights official". Vox (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  45. ^ "Tess McEnery LinkedIn profile".
  46. ^ "Jesse Bernstein LinkedIn profile".
  47. ^ "Chandana Ravi LinkedIn profile".
  48. ^ Nichols, Hans. "Former Trump officials help Biden with Putin summit prep". Axios (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-15.
  49. ^ "Katrina Elledge LinkedIn profile".
  50. ^ "Alexandra Miller LinkedIn profile".
  51. ^ أ ب ت ث ج ح خ د Gramer, Jack Detsch, Robbie. "Meet Biden's Middle East Team". Foreign Policy (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  52. ^ "Helaina Matza LinkedIn profile".
  53. ^ "Victoria Orero LinkedIn profile".
  54. ^ "Jennifer DeCesaro LinkedIn profile".
  55. ^ "Andy Rabens LinkedIn profile".
  56. ^ "Negah Angha LinkedIn profile".
  57. ^ "Andrew Scott LinkedIn profile".
  58. ^ "Teddy Nemeroff LinkedIn profile".
  59. ^ "White House Appoints Amit Mital NSC Senior Director for Cybersecurity and Policy". www.meritalk.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  60. ^ "Carole House LinkedIn profile".
  61. ^ Gramer, Jack Detsch, Robbie. "Pressure Mounts on Biden to Cancel Billions More in Arms Sales to Saudi Arabia". Foreign Policy (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2021-06-04.
الكلمات الدالة: