افتح القائمة الرئيسية

صندوق ثروة سيادي

صندوق ثروة سيادي هو صندوق مملوك من قبل دولة يتكون من اصول مثل الأراضي، أو الأسهم، أو السندات أو أجهزة إستثمارية أخرى. من الممكن وصف هذه الصناديق ككينات تدير فوائض دولة من أجل الإستثمار.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

فهرست

التاريخ

صناديق الثروة السيادية المبكرة

الطبيعة والغرض

مخاوف حول صناديق الثروة السيادية

مصلحة حكومية في 2008

مبادئ سانتياغو

صناديق الثروة السيادية الجديدة المنشأة في الولايات القضائية المتقدمة منذ عام 2010

حجم صناديق الثروة السيادية

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

أكبر صناديق الثروة السيادية

Country Abbreviation Fund Assets,
billions USD[1]
Inception Origin
  Norway GPF Government Pension Fund - Global &&&&&&&&&&&01007.&&&&&01٬007 1990 Oil
  China CIC China Investment Corporation &&&&&&&&&&&&0941.400000941٫4 2007 Non-commodity
  United Arab Emirates
     Abu Dhabi
ADIA Abu Dhabi Investment Authority &&&&&&&&&&&&0828.&&&&&0828 1976 Oil
  Kuwait KIA Kuwait Investment Authority &&&&&&&&&&&&0642.&&&&&0642 1953 Oil, Non-commodity
  Saudi Arabia SAMA SAMA Foreign Holdings &&&&&&&&&&&&0514.&&&&&0514 1952 Oil
  Hong Kong HKMA Hong Kong Monetary Authority Investment Portfolio &&&&&&&&&&&&0456.600000456٫6 1993 Non-commodity
  China SAFE SAFE Investment Company &&&&&&&&&&&&0441.&&&&&0441[أ] 1997 Non-commodity
  Singapore GIC GIC Private Limited &&&&&&&&&&&&0359.&&&&&0359 1981 Non-commodity
  Qatar QIA Qatar Investment Authority &&&&&&&&&&&&0320.&&&&&0320 2003 Oil
  Canada CDPQ Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec &&&&&&&&&&&&0308.&&&&&0308 1965 Non-commodity
  China NSSF National Social Security Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&0295.&&&&&0295 2000 Non-commodity
  Canada CPPIB Canada Pension Plan Investment Board &&&&&&&&&&&&0254.300000254٫3 1997 Non-commodity
  United Arab Emirates
     Dubai
ICD Investment Corporation of Dubai &&&&&&&&&&&&0209.500000209٫5 2006 Oil
  Singapore TH Temasek Holdings &&&&&&&&&&&&0308.&&&&&0308 1974 Non-commodity
  Saudi Arabia PIF/Sanabil Public Investment Fund/Sanabil Investments &&&&&&&&&&&&0183.&&&&&0183 2008 Oil
  Malaysia KN Khazanah Nasional &&&&&&&&&&&&0160.&&&&&0160 1993 Non-commodity
قالب:Country data SA South Africa PIC Public Investment Corporation &&&&&&&&&&&&0160.&&&&&0160 1911 Non-Commodity[2]
  United Arab Emirates
     Abu Dhabi
MDC Mubadala Investment Company &&&&&&&&&&&&0125.&&&&&0125 2002 Oil
  South Korea KIC Korea Investment Corporation &&&&&&&&&&&&0122.300000122٫3 2005 Non-commodity
  United Arab Emirates
     Abu Dhabi
ADIC Abu Dhabi Investment Council &&&&&&&&&&&&0110.&&&&&0110 2007 Oil
  Australia AFF Future Fund[3] &&&&&&&&&&&&0102.300000102٫3 2006 Non-commodity
  Iran NDF National Development Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&091.&&&&&091 1999 Oil
  Russia RNWF Russian National Wealth Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&076.30000076٫3 2008 Oil
  France BPIfrance Bpifrance &&&&&&&&&&&&&068.35000068٫35 ( €59.736 billion) 2012 Non-commodity
  Libya LIA Libyan Investment Authority &&&&&&&&&&&&&066.&&&&&066 2006 Oil
  Kazakhstan KNF Kazakhstan National Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&064.70000064٫7 2000 Oil
  Kazakhstan S-K JSC Samruk-Kazyna JSC &&&&&&&&&&&&&060.90000060٫9 2008 Non-commodity
  United States of America
     Alaska
APF Alaska Permanent Fund[4] &&&&&&&&&&&&&064.90000064٫9 1976 Oil
  Brunei BIA Brunei Investment Agency &&&&&&&&&&&&&040.&&&&&040 1983 Oil
  United States of America
     Texas
PSF Permanent School Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&037.70000037٫7[5][6] 1854 Public Lands
  United Arab Emirates
   (Federal)
EIA Emirates Investment Authority &&&&&&&&&&&&&034.&&&&&034 2007 Oil
  Azerbaijan SOFAZ State Oil Fund of the Republic of Azerbaijan[7] &&&&&&&&&&&&&033.10000033٫1 1999 Oil
  Norway GPF Government Pension Fund - Norway &&&&&&&&&&&&&030.60000030٫6 1967 Non-commodity
  Germany NWDF Nuclear Waste Disposal Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&027.80000027٫8 (€24.1bn) 2017 nuclear power plant operators
  France FSI Fonds stratégique d'investissement &&&&&&&&&&&&&025.19000025٫19 2008 Non-commodity
  New Zealand NZSF New Zealand Superannuation Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&026.60000026٫6 2003 Non-commodity
  Turkey TWF Turkey Wealth Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&024.&&&&&024 2016 Natural resources & Non-commodity
  United States of America
     Texas
PUF Permanent University Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&021.&&&&&021٫0[8] 1876 Public Lands
  United States of America
     New Mexico
NMSIC New Mexico State Investment Council &&&&&&&&&&&&&020.20000020٫2 1958 Non-commodity
  Oman SGRF State General Reserve Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&018.&&&&&018 1980 Oil & Gas
  Timor Leste TLPF Timor-Leste Petroleum Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&016.60000016٫6 2005 Oil & Gas
  Russia RRF Russian Reserve Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&016.20000016٫2 2008 Oil
  Chile SESF Social and Economic Stabilization Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&014.70000014٫7 2007 Copper
  Canada
     Alberta
AHSTF Alberta Heritage Savings Trust Fund[9] &&&&&&&&&&&&&013.40000013٫4 1976 Oil
  Russia RDIF Russian Direct Investment Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&013.&&&&&013 2011 Non-commodity
  Bahrain MHC Mumtalakat Holding Company &&&&&&&&&&&&&010.60000010٫6 2006 Oil
  Chile PRF Pension Reserve Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&09.4000009٫4 2006 Copper
  Ireland NPRF National Pensions Reserve Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&08.5000008٫5 2001 Non-commodity
  Peru FSF Fiscal Stabilization Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.9000007٫9 1999 Non-commodity
  Algeria RRF Revenue Regulation Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.6000007٫6 2000 Oil
  United States of America
     Wyoming
PWMTF Permanent Wyoming Mineral Trust Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.3000007٫3 1974 Minerals
  Brazil SFB Sovereign Fund of Brazil &&&&&&&&&&&&&&07.3000007٫3 2008 Non-commodity
  Mexico ORSFM Oil Revenues Stabilization Fund of Mexico &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.&&&&&06 2000 Oil
  Oman OIF Oman Investment Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&06.&&&&&06 2006 Oil
  Botswana PF Pula Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.7000005٫7 1996 Diamonds & Minerals
  Trinidad & Tobago HSF [1] &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.5000005٫5 2007 Oil
  China CADF China-Africa Development Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.&&&&&05 2007 Non-commodity
  Angola FSDEA Fundo Soberano de Angola &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.6000004٫6 2012 Oil
  United States of America
     North Dakota
NDLF North Dakota Legacy Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.3000004٫3 2011 Oil & Gas
  India NIIF National Investment and Infrastructure Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&04.&&&&&04٫0 2015 Natural resources & Non-commodity
  Colombia CSSF Colombia Savings and Stabilization Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&03.5000003٫5 2011 Oil & Mining
  United States of America
     Alabama
ATF Alabama Trust Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.7000002٫7 1985 Oil & Gas
  Kazakhstan NIC National Investment Corporation &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 2012 Oil
  United States of America
     Utah
SIFTO Utah-SITFO &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 1896 Land & Mineral Royalties
  United States of America
     Idaho
IEFIB Idaho Endowment Fund Investment Board &&&&&&&&&&&&&&02.&&&&&02 1969 Land & Mineral Royalties
  Nigeria
   (Bayelsa State)
BDIC Bayelsa Development and Investment Corporation &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.5000001٫5 2012 Non-commodity
  Nigeria NSIA Nigeria Sovereign Investment Authority &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.4000001٫4 2011 Oil
  United States of America
     Louisiana
LEQTF Louisiana Education Quality Trust Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.3000001٫3 1986 Oil & Gas
  Panama FAP Fondo de Ahorro de Panama &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.2000001٫2 2012 Non-commodity
  United Arab Emirates
   قالب:Country data Ra's al Khaymah Ra's al Khaymah
RIA RAKIA &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.2000001٫2 2005 Credits obtained via RAK Government
  Bolivia FINPRO Fund for Productive Industrial Revolution &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.2000001٫2 2012 Non-commodity
  United States of America
     Oregon
CSF Oregon Common School Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.2000001٫2[10] 1859 Public Lands
  Senegal SSIF Senegal Strategic Investment Fund - FONSIS &&&&&&&&&&&&&&01.&&&&&01 2012 Non-commodity
  Iraq DFI Development Fund for Iraq &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.9000000٫9 2003 Oil
  Palestine PIF Palestine Investment Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.8000000٫8 2003 Non-commodity
  Venezuela FEM FEM - Macroeconomic Stabilization Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.8000000٫8 1998 Oil
  Kiribati RERF Revenue Equalization Reserve Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.6000000٫6 1956 Phosphates
  Vietnam SCIC State Capital Investment Corporation &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.5000000٫5 2006 Non-commodity
  Ghana GPF Ghana Petroleum Funds &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.4500000٫45 2011 Oil
  Gabon GSWF Sovereign Fund of the Gabonese Republic &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.4000000٫4 1998 Oil
  Algeria FNI Fonds National d'Investissements &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.3500000٫35 2015 Non-commodity
  Mauritania NFHR National Fund for Hydrocarbon Reserves &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.3000000٫3 2006 Oil & Gas
  Australia
     Western Australia
WAFF Western Australian Future Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.3000000٫3 2012 Minerals
  Mongolia FSF Fiscal Stability Fund &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.3000000٫3 2011 Mining
  Equatorial Guinea FFG Fund for Future Generations &&&&&&&&&&&&&&00.&800000٫08 2002 Oil
  Papua New Guinea PNGSWF Papua New Guinea Sovereign Wealth Fund X 2011 Gas
  Turkmenistan TSF Turkmenistan Stabilization Fund X 2008 Oil & Gas
  United States of America
     West Virginia
WVFF West Virginia Future Fund X 2014 Oil & Gas
  Mexico FMP Fondo Mexicano del Petroleo para la Estabilizacion y el Desarrollo X 2014 Oil & Gas
  United Arab Emirates
   قالب:Country data Sharjah Sharjah
SAM Sharjah Asset Management X 2008 Non-commodity
  Rwanda AGDF Agaciro Development Fund[11] .046[12] 2012 Non-commodity
  1. ^ This number is a best-guess estimation by the Sovereign Wealth Funds Institute.


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

أنظر أيضا

المصادر

  1. ^ "Sovereign Wealth Funds Institute". Swfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  2. ^ "PIC | Public Investment Corporation". www.pic.gov.za (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2018-04-06.
  3. ^ "Future Fund". Future Fund. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  4. ^ "Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation web site". Apfc.org. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  5. ^ "Texas Permanent School Fund". Texas Education Agency Website. TEA. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Permanent School Funds Hits $25B Level". Texas Education Agency Website. TEA. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
  7. ^ "ARDNF - Azərbaycan Respublikası Dövlət Neft Fondu - Home". www.oilfund.az (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2018-08-07.
  8. ^ "Permanent University Fund Semi-Annual Report" (PDF). University of Texas/Texas A&M Investment Management Company. December 31, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  9. ^ "Government of Alberta – Finance (AHSTF)". Finance.alberta.ca. 2015-04-01. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  10. ^ "About the Common School Fund". Oregon Department of State Lands. June 30, 2013. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  11. ^ "Agaciro Development Fund". Agaciro Development Fund. November 24, 2018. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
  12. ^ Bizimungu, Julius (September 19, 2018). "In 2013, the Fund was valued at Rwf20.5 billion before growing to Rwf41 billion last year". The New Times. Retrieved November 24, 2018.

قراءة متعمقة

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Finance country lists