سفري‌حصار

(تم التحويل من Seferihisar)

سفري‌حصار Seferihisar هي قضاء ساحلي وبلدة مركزية في نفس القضاء في محافظة إزمير، في تركيا. منطقة قضاء سفري‌حصار يحدها أقضية إزمير الأخرى أورلا إلى الغرب ومندرس (جمعةأوڤاسي) إلى الشرق، وتلامس القضاء الحضري لإزمير الأقصى إلى الغرب گوزل‌بهچه في الشمال. ويقع مركز بلدة سفري‌حصار إلى الداخل قليلاً من الساحل على ارتفاع 28 متر وتمتد المنطقة الحضرية باتجاه البحر، مكونةً من ثمانية أحياء، متباعدين عن بعضهم البعض، وأحدهم يُدعى صيغاجيك يقع بعيدا بنحو 5 كيلومترات عن الباقين وله مرفأه الخاص وذاع صيته كمنتجع سياحي. The wide area of the district center partly accounts for the high number of the population and an urbanization rate of only 51%, and the general impression observed is rather rural in some of its sections. Both the center town and the district as a whole preserves an overall outlook of a pleasant resort area bearing typical Aegean characteristics and it is estimated the population reaches the level of 150,000 people during the touristic season. Nevertheless, the district's economy is still largely based on agriculture, with the production of tangerines and satsumas standing out, and only increasingly on tourism, with the presence of several housing projects or vacation villages, pensioners opting to settle in the region due to its quiet charm and under the impetus of a university campus that is in phase of being built. At a distance of 45 kم (28 ميل) from İzmir center, (Konak), the connections with the metropolis are made easily, especially once reached the six-lane highway in Urla. Seferihisar is where the ancient city of Teos is located and its highly interesting await further research and discoveries. The district's literacy level is 99%.

سفري‌حصار

Seferihisar
بلدة
المارينا والقلعة القروسطية في منطقة صيغاجيك الساحلية لسفري‌حصار
المارينا والقلعة القروسطية في منطقة صيغاجيك الساحلية لسفري‌حصار
موقع سفري‌حصار في تركيا.
موقع سفري‌حصار في تركيا.
سفري‌حصار is located in تركيا
سفري‌حصار
سفري‌حصار
موقع سفري‌حصار في تركيا.
الإحداثيات: 38°12′N 26°50′E / 38.200°N 26.833°E / 38.200; 26.833Coordinates: 38°12′N 26°50′E / 38.200°N 26.833°E / 38.200; 26.833
CountryFlag of Turkey.svg تركيا
المنطقةإيجة
المحافظةإزمير
المساحة
 • District385٫83 كم² (148٫97 ميل²)
التعداد
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
27٬849
 • District
31٬467
 • كثافة District82/km2 (210/sq mi)
منطقة التوقيتUTC+2 (EET)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC+3 (EEST)
رمز بريدي
35xxx
مفتاح الهاتف0232
Licence plate35
الموقع الإلكترونيhttp://www.seferihisar.bel.tr


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التاريخ

 
Kısık Peninsula or Lebedos Peninsula to the south of Seferihisar at depending Ürkmez

Apart from Teos, a major Ionian port and artistic and cult center, two other ancient settlements datable to the ancient Greek period and beyond are located along Seferihisar district's seashore, both to the south of Teos. Near the southern boundary of the district is Lebedos, the smallest of the twelve original Ionian settlements along the Anatolian coastline. Pausanias mentions that the town was initially inhabited by Carians, for whom the region is normally a very northern one, and that Ionian Greeks immigrated there under the guidance of Andræmon, while Strabo gives the name the colonizing leader as Andropompus and that it previously bore the name of Artis of ancient Lydia. Although it is known to have engaged in maritime commerce, was famous for its mineral springs and a member of the Ionian League, the peninsular settlement of Lebedos suffered from the limited space of its hinterland and a comparatively unsuitable port. It has not been excavated and the visible ruins are scanty.

The other settlement, at the edge of a promontory between Teos and Lebedos, referred to by Hecataeus of Miletus (500 BC) as a "city" and by Artemidorus of Ephesus (100 BC) as merely a "place" is Myonnesos. The best definition for ancient times must have corresponded to that of a small town, advantaged by a peninsula with a 60 m cliff which was very difficult to access and easy to defend. Traces of Cyclopeian walls attest to the presence of a very particular site and it remains a visitor's attraction due to the challenges of rock climbing it offers.

Ottoman records refer to the present-day center town alternatively as "Seferihisar" or "Sivrihisar", sometimes leading to confusion with another town in Central Anatolia still named Sivrihisar, and which itself was nevertheless recorded from time to time as "Seferihisar". While the historic medrese in the depending village of Hereke (Düzce today) remained a regional center of learning throughout, on many occasions during the Ottoman period, the region of Seferihisar had made itself notorious as a pirate's lair, being a particularly appreciated hideout and at times a practically autonomous entity. The town is notably the birthplace of two of the best known Turkish corsairs of the very end of the 15th century, Kara Hasan and Kara Turmuş [3]

The region was, as such, scarcely populated and development came gradually only in the course of the 19th century, due especially to cultivation of citrus fruits and cash crops. The municipal administration was instituted in 1884 and by the time of the fall of the Empire, the kaza of Seferihisar counted roughly twenty thousand people, in which about half or slightly less, according to varying sources, were Greeks, mostly recent immigrants from the islands or other areas of Asia Minor.


المعالم

 
Odeon of the ancient city of Teos near Seferihisar

The district's most popular sights of interest is its depending small port of Sığacık with the Genoese - Ottomans. In 2008 that small port was redesigned by Turkish architect Günay Erdem and Turkish landscape architect Sunay Erdem.[4] At 2010 construction of this new port ended and revealed its current state as Teos Marina. The ancient city of Teos is located between Seferihisar and Sığacık.

There is also the rock of Myonnesos and the ruins locally called "Karaköse", both near Doğanbey township[5]. The other ancient city found within the district, Lebedos, is located further south, near Ürkmez township.

A French vacation village is located near Sığacık. Seferihisar district also has several beaches and bays along its 27 km coastline.

أخبار حديثة

There are four small dams built for irrigation purposes within the boundaries of Seferihisar district and effort is being pursued to use the region's geothermal energy resources.

On 8 December 2007, the sea route from Seferihisar to Chios was the scene of the single largest maritime incident in terms of loss of lives and involving migrants in the Aegean Sea with the tragic occurrence of December 2007 Seferihisar, Turkey migrant boat disaster.

In December 2009, Seferihisar became the first Turkish town named a member of the Cittaslow movement.[6] As the newest member of the movement, Seferihisar will host a football tournament between several Cittaslow cities which will be held in June 2010. .[7]

This town got evacuated from the tsunami caused from the recent earthquake.

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Nicolas Vatin (1994). L'ordre de Saint-Jean-de-Jerusalem. L'empire ottoman et la Mediterranee orientale entre les deux sieges de Rhodes (1480-1522) ISBN 90-6831-632-X, ISBN 978-90-6831-632-2 (in French). Peeters Publishers.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. ^ "Architecture and Landscape Architecture" (in التركية). Archived from the original on 2014-11-29.]
  5. ^ "Seferihisar". Gezilecek Yerler Rehberi | Gezicini (in التركية). 2019-05-27. Retrieved 2020-10-29.
  6. ^ "Seferihisar named Turkey's first Cittaslow". Cittaslow. 2009-12-14. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  7. ^ "Cittaslow Football Tournament". Cittaslow. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2010-04-21.

المصادر

  • George E. Bean. Aegean Turkey: An archaeological guide, p. 115-122 ISBN 978-0-510-03200-5, 1967. Ernest Benn, London.

قالب:Townships of Seferihisar District