الرابطة الوطنية لكرة السلة

(تم التحويل من National Basketball Association)

الرابطة الوطنية لكرة السلة (NBA اختصاراً لعبارة National Basketball Association)، وتسمى أيضاً باسم الدوري الأمريكي لكرة السلة للمحترفين، هي الاتحاد الأكثر احترافاً للعبة كرة السلة، وأحد أكبر الدوريات الرياضية في أمريكا الشمالية. بدأ الدوري في مدينة نيويورك في 6 يونيو، 1946 كاتحاد كرة السلة الأمريكي (BAA).

National Basketball Association (NBA)
الموسم أو المسابقة أو النسخة الحالية:
Current sports event 2021–22 NBA season
National Basketball Association logo.svg
الرياضةكرة السلة
تأسس6 يونيو 1946; منذ 75 سنة (1946-06-06
(as BAA),
New York City, U.S.
الموسم الافتتاحي1946–47
المفوضAdam Silver
عدد الفرق30
البلدانالولايات المتحدة (29 فريق)
كندا (1 فريق)
المقر الرئيسي345 پارك أڤنيو
مدينة نيويورك، نيويورك 10022
U.S.
أحدث
بطولة
ميلواكي بكس
(ثاني لقب)
أكثر ألقاببوسطن سلتكس
لوس أنجلس ليكرز
(17 لكل منها)
الشريك التلفزيوني
الموقع الرسميNBA.com

The league was founded in New York City on June 6, 1946, as the Basketball Association of America (BAA).[1] It changed its name to the National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League (NBL).[2] The NBA's regular season runs from October to April, with each team playing 82 games. The league's playoff tournament extends into June. As of 2020, NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player.[3][4][5]

The NBA is an active member of USA Basketball (USAB),[6] which is recognized by the FIBA (International Basketball Federation) as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices in Midtown Manhattan, while its NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in Secaucus, New Jersey.

In North America, the NBA is the third wealthiest professional sport league after the National Football League (NFL) and Major League Baseball (MLB) by revenue and being among the top four in the world.[7]

Milwaukee Bucks are the reigning champions, having beaten Phoenix Suns 4–2 in the 2021 finals.

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الفرق الحالية

The NBA originated in 1946 with 11 teams, and through a sequence of team expansions, reductions and relocations currently consists of 30 teams. The United States is home to 29 teams; another is in Canada.

The current league organization divides 30 teams into two conferences of three divisions with five teams each. The current divisional alignment was introduced in the 2004–05 season. Reflecting the population distribution of the United States and Canada as a whole, most teams are in the eastern half of the country: 13 teams are in the Eastern Time Zone, nine in the Central, three in the Mountain, and five in the Pacific.

القسم الفريق المكان الملعب السعة الإحداثيات تأسس انضم
Eastern Conference
الأطلسي بوسطن سلتكس بوسطن، مساتشوستس TD Garden 18,624 42°21′59″N 71°03′44″W / 42.366303°N 71.062228°W / 42.366303; -71.062228 (Boston Celtics) 1946
بروكلن نتس New York City, New York Barclays Center 17,732 40°40′58″N 73°58′29″W / 40.68265°N 73.974689°W / 40.68265; -73.974689 (Brooklyn Nets) 1967* 1976
New York Knicks New York City, New York Madison Square Garden 19,812 40°45′02″N 73°59′37″W / 40.750556°N 73.993611°W / 40.750556; -73.993611 (New York Knicks) 1946
Philadelphia 76ers Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Wells Fargo Center 21,600 39°54′04″N 75°10′19″W / 39.901111°N 75.171944°W / 39.901111; -75.171944 (Philadelphia 76ers) 1946* 1949
Toronto Raptors Toronto, Ontario[A] Scotiabank Arena[A] 19,800 43°38′36″N 79°22′45″W / 43.643333°N 79.379167°W / 43.643333; -79.379167 (Toronto Raptors) 1995
Central Chicago Bulls Chicago, Illinois United Center 20,917 41°52′50″N 87°40′27″W / 41.880556°N 87.674167°W / 41.880556; -87.674167 (Chicago Bulls) 1966
Cleveland Cavaliers Cleveland, Ohio Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse 20,562 41°29′47″N 81°41′17″W / 41.496389°N 81.688056°W / 41.496389; -81.688056 (Cleveland Cavaliers) 1970
Detroit Pistons Detroit, Michigan Little Caesars Arena 20,491 42°41′49″N 83°14′44″W / 42.696944°N 83.245556°W / 42.696944; -83.245556 (Detroit Pistons) 1941* 1948
Indiana Pacers Indianapolis, Indiana Bankers Life Fieldhouse 17,923 39°45′50″N 86°09′20″W / 39.763889°N 86.155556°W / 39.763889; -86.155556 (Indiana Pacers) 1967 1976
ميلواكي بكس Milwaukee, Wisconsin Fiserv Forum 18,717 43°02′37″N 87°55′01″W / 43.043611°N 87.916944°W / 43.043611; -87.916944 (Milwaukee Bucks) 1968
Southeast Atlanta Hawks Atlanta, Georgia State Farm Arena 15,711 33°45′26″N 84°23′47″W / 33.757222°N 84.396389°W / 33.757222; -84.396389 (Atlanta Hawks) 1946* 1949
Charlotte Hornets Charlotte, North Carolina Spectrum Center 19,077 35°13′30″N 80°50′21″W / 35.225°N 80.839167°W / 35.225; -80.839167 (Charlotte Hornets) 1988*
Miami Heat Miami, Florida FTX Arena 19,600 25°46′53″N 80°11′17″W / 25.781389°N 80.188056°W / 25.781389; -80.188056 (Miami Heat) 1988
Orlando Magic Orlando, Florida Amway Center 18,846 28°32′21″N 81°23′01″W / 28.539167°N 81.383611°W / 28.539167; -81.383611 (Orlando Magic) 1989
Washington Wizards Washington, D.C. Capital One Arena 20,356 38°53′53″N 77°01′15″W / 38.898056°N 77.020833°W / 38.898056; -77.020833 (Washington Wizards) 1961*
Western Conference
Northwest Denver Nuggets Denver, Colorado Ball Arena 19,520 39°44′55″N 105°00′27″W / 39.748611°N 105.0075°W / 39.748611; -105.0075 (Denver Nuggets) 1967 1976
Minnesota Timberwolves Minneapolis, Minnesota Target Center 19,356 44°58′46″N 93°16′34″W / 44.979444°N 93.276111°W / 44.979444; -93.276111 (Minnesota Timberwolves) 1989
Oklahoma City Thunder Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Chesapeake Energy Arena 18,203 35°27′48″N 97°30′54″W / 35.463333°N 97.515°W / 35.463333; -97.515 (Oklahoma City Thunder) 1967*
Portland Trail Blazers Portland, Oregon Moda Center 19,441 45°31′54″N 122°40′00″W / 45.531667°N 122.666667°W / 45.531667; -122.666667 (Portland Trail Blazers) 1970
Utah Jazz Salt Lake City, Utah Vivint Arena 19,911 40°46′06″N 111°54′04″W / 40.768333°N 111.901111°W / 40.768333; -111.901111 (Utah Jazz) 1974*
Pacific Golden State Warriors San Francisco, California Chase Center 18,064 37°46′05″N 122°23′15″W / 37.768056°N 122.3875°W / 37.768056; -122.3875 (Golden State Warriors) 1946*
Los Angeles Clippers Los Angeles, California Staples Center 19,060 34°02′35″N 118°16′02″W / 34.043056°N 118.267222°W / 34.043056; -118.267222 (Los Angeles Clippers) 1970*
Los Angeles Lakers Los Angeles, California Staples Center 18,997 34°02′35″N 118°16′02″W / 34.043056°N 118.267222°W / 34.043056; -118.267222 (Los Angeles Lakers) 1947* 1948
Phoenix Suns Phoenix, Arizona Footprint Center 18,055 33°26′45″N 112°04′17″W / 33.445833°N 112.071389°W / 33.445833; -112.071389 (Phoenix Suns) 1968
Sacramento Kings Sacramento, California Golden 1 Center 17,500 38°38′57″N 121°31′05″W / 38.649167°N 121.518056°W / 38.649167; -121.518056 (Sacramento Kings) 1923* 1948
Southwest Dallas Mavericks Dallas, Texas American Airlines Center 19,200 32°47′26″N 96°48′37″W / 32.790556°N 96.810278°W / 32.790556; -96.810278 (Dallas Mavericks) 1980
Houston Rockets Houston, Texas Toyota Center 18,055 29°45′03″N 95°21′44″W / 29.750833°N 95.362222°W / 29.750833; -95.362222 (Houston Rockets) 1967*
Memphis Grizzlies Memphis, Tennessee FedExForum 18,119 35°08′18″N 90°03′02″W / 35.138333°N 90.050556°W / 35.138333; -90.050556 (Memphis Grizzlies) 1995*
New Orleans Pelicans New Orleans, Louisiana Smoothie King Center 16,867 29°56′56″N 90°04′55″W / 29.948889°N 90.081944°W / 29.948889; -90.081944 (New Orleans Pelicans) 2002*
San Antonio Spurs San Antonio, Texas AT&T Center 18,418 29°25′37″N 98°26′15″W / 29.426944°N 98.4375°W / 29.426944; -98.4375 (San Antonio Spurs) 1967* 1976
ملاحظات
  1. An asterisk (*) denotes a franchise move. See the respective team articles for more information.
  2. The Fort Wayne Pistons, Minneapolis Lakers and Rochester Royals all joined the NBA (BAA) in 1948 from the NBL.
  3. The Syracuse Nationals and Tri-Cities Blackhawks joined the NBA in 1949 as part of the BAA-NBL absorption.
  4. The Indiana Pacers, New York Nets, San Antonio Spurs, and Denver Nuggets all joined the NBA in 1976 as part of the ABA–NBA merger.
  5. The Charlotte Hornets are regarded as a continuation of the original Charlotte franchise. Because of this, the New Orleans Pelicans are no longer the same franchise as the original Charlotte Hornets. The Hornets were known as the Bobcats from 2004–2014. The New Orleans Pelicans were established in 2002. The Charlotte Hornets rejoined the league in 2004.


2015

 

الرابطة الوطنية لكرة السلة
الفرق الحالية

المنطقة
الشرقية
مجموعة الأطلسي مجموعة الوسط مجموعة الجنوب الشرقي
بوسطن سلتكس شيكاغو بولز أتلانتا هوكس
نيوجيرزي نتس كليفلاند كافالييرز تشارلوت بوبكاتس
نيويورك نيكس ديترويت بيستونز ميامي هيت
فيلادلفيا 76 إنديانا بايسرز أورلاندو ماجيك
تورونتو رابتورز ميلووكي باكز واشنطن ويزاردز
المنطقة
الغربية
مجموعة الشمال الغربي مجموعة الهادي مجموعة الجنوب الغربي
دنفر ناغتس غولدن ستايت ووريورز دالاس مافيريكس
مينيسيوتا تيمبر وولفز لوس أنجلس كليبرز هيوستن روكتس
بورتلاند ترايل بلايزرز لوس أنجلس لايكرز ممفيس غريزليس
سياتل سوبرسونيكس فينيكس صنز نيوأورليانز/أوكلاهوما سيتي هورنتس
يوتاه جاز سكرامنتو كينغز سان أنطونيو سبرز

الموسم المعتاد

التصفيات

البطولات

The Los Angeles Lakers and the Boston Celtics have won the most championships with each having 17 NBA Finals wins. The third most successful franchise is the Golden State Warriors, who have six overall championships (2 in Philadelphia, 4 in Oakland). Following the Warriors are the Chicago Bulls with six championships and the San Antonio Spurs with five championships, all since 1999.

الفرق فاز خسر إجمالي سنوات الفوز السنوات كوصيف
Minneapolis/Los Angeles Lakers 17 15 32 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1972, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1988, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2009, 2010, 2020 1959, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1973, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1991, 2004, 2008
Boston Celtics 17 4 21 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1986, 2008 1958, 1985, 1987, 2010
Philadelphia/San Francisco/Golden State Warriors 6 5 11 1947, 1956, 1975, 2015, 2017, 2018 1948, 1964, 1967, 2016, 2019
Chicago Bulls 6 0 6 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998
San Antonio Spurs 5 1 6 1999, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2014 2013
Syracuse Nationals/Philadelphia 76ers 3 6 9 1955, 1967, 1983 1950, 1954, 1977, 1980, 1982, 2001
Fort Wayne/Detroit Pistons 3 4 7 1989, 1990, 2004 1955, 1956, 1988, 2005
ميامي هيت 3 3 6 2006, 2012, 2013 2011, 2014, 2020
New York Knicks 2 6 8 1970, 1973 1951, 1952, 1953, 1972, 1994, 1999
هيوستن روكتس 2 2 4 1994, 1995 1981, 1986
ميلواكي بكس 2 1 3 1971, 2021 1974
Cleveland Cavaliers 1 4 5 2016 2007, 2015, 2017, 2018
سانت لويس/أتلانتا هوكس 1 3 4 1958 1957, 1960, 1961
Baltimore/Washington Bullets (now Washington Wizards) 1 3 4 1978 1971, 1975, 1979
Seattle SuperSonics/Oklahoma City Thunder 1 3 4 1979 1978, 1996, 2012
Portland Trail Blazers 1 2 3 1977 1990, 1992
Dallas Mavericks 1 1 2 2011 2006
Baltimore Bullets (original) (folded in 1954) 1 0 1 1948
Rochester Royals (now Sacramento Kings) 1 0 1 1951
Toronto Raptors 1 0 1 2019
Phoenix Suns 0 3 3 1976, 1993, 2021
Utah Jazz (formerly New Orleans Jazz) 0 2 2 1997, 1998
New Jersey Nets (now Brooklyn Nets) 0 2 2 2002, 2003
Orlando Magic 0 2 2 1995, 2009
Chicago Stags (folded in 1950) 0 1 1 1947
Washington Capitols (folded in 1951) 0 1 1 1949
Indiana Pacers 0 1 1 2000

Current teams that have no NBA Finals appearances:


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البطولات الدولية

أشخاص بارزون

الرؤساء والمفوضون

اللاعبون

اللاعبون الأجانب

النفوذ الدولي

Following pioneers like Vlade Divac (Serbia) and Dražen Petrović (Croatia) who joined the NBA in the late 1980s, an increasing number of international players have moved directly from playing elsewhere in the world to starring in the NBA. Below is a short list of foreign players who have won NBA awards or have been otherwise recognized for their contributions to basketball, either currently or formerly active in the league:

On some occasions, young players, most but not all from the English-speaking world, have attended U.S. colleges before playing in the NBA. Notable examples are:

  • Nigerian Hakeem Olajuwon (top draft pick in 1984, 2-time champion, 12-time All-Star, 1994 MVP, 1994 and 1995 Finals MVP, 1994 and 1995 Defensive Player of the Year, only player to receive the MVP Award, Defensive Player of the Year Award, and Finals MVP award in the same season, and Hall of Famer)
  • Congolese Dikembe Mutombo (Four time NBA Defensive Player of the Year, selected fourth overall by the Denver Nuggets in the 1991 NBA Draft and 8-time NBA All-Star)
  • Dutchman Rik Smits (1988 second overall pick, 1998 NBA All-Star, played 12 years for the Indiana Pacers)
  • German Detlef Schrempf (Sixth Man Award winner in 1991 and 1992, 3-time All-Star)
  • Canadian Steve Nash (2005 and 2006 MVP, 8-time All-Star)
  • Australians Luc Longley (3-time champion with the Bulls in the 1990s) and Andrew Bogut, (top draft pick in 2005).
  • Sudanese-born Englishman Luol Deng (2007 winner of the NBA Sportsmanship Award, 2-time All-Star)
  • Cameroonian Joel Embiid (NBA All-Rookie First Team, 2 time All-Defensive Second Team, 2 time All-Star)

Since 2006, the NBA has faced EuroLeague teams in exhibition matches in the NBA Europe Live Tour, and since 2009 in the EuroLeague American Tour.

The 2013–14 season opened with a record 92 international players on the opening night rosters, representing 39 countries and comprising over 20% of the league.[10] The NBA defines "international" players as those born outside the 50 United States and Washington, D.C. This means that:

  • Players born in U.S. possessions such as Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, most notably USVI native Tim Duncan, are counted as "international" even though they are U.S. citizens by birth, and may even have represented the U.S. in international competition (like Duncan).
  • U.S.-born players are not counted as "international" even if they were born with citizenship in another country and represent that country internationally, such as Joakim Noah, and Kosta Koufos.

المدربون

انظر أيضاً

ملاحظات

  1. ^ أ ب The Toronto Raptors have been prevented from playing their home games in Toronto by the Canadian government due to the COVID-19 pandemic. They are playing at Amalie Arena in Tampa, Florida for the 2020-21 season.[8]


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الهامش

  1. ^ "This Date In The NBA: June". NBA.com. NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Retrieved June 14, 2020. The National Basketball Association was founded at the Commodore Hotel in New York. Maurice Podoloff was the league's first president, a title later changed to commissioner.
  2. ^ "This Date In The NBA: August". NBA.com. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  3. ^ "The World's Highest-Paid Athletes 2020".
  4. ^ "REVEALED: The world's best paid teams, Man City close in on Barca and Real Madrid". SportingIntelligence.com. May 1, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  5. ^ Gaines, Cork. "The NBA is the highest-paying sports league in the world". Business Insider. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
  6. ^ "Members of USA Basketball". USAB.com. Retrieved June 14, 2020.
  7. ^ Mathewson, TJ. "TV is biggest driver in global sport league revenue". GlobalSportMatters.com. Retrieved December 25, 2020.
  8. ^ Jamshidi, Soheil (February 11, 2021). "Raptors To Finish 2020-21 NBA Season In Tampa". Raptors.com. NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  9. ^ Salvadore, Damon (June 17, 2015). "Leandro Barbosa Makes NBA History as Golden State Warriors Defeat Cleveland Cavaliers in Finals". Latin Post. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
  10. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة auto

وصلات خارجية

الدوري الأمريكي لكرة السلة للمحترفين
المنطقة الشرقية
مجموعة الأطلسي: بوسطن سلتكس | نيوجيرزي نتس | نيويورك نيكس | فيلادلفيا 76 | تورونتو رابتورز
مجموعة الوسط: شيكاغو بولز | كليفلاند كافالييرز | ديترويت بيستونز | إنديانا بايسرز | ميلووكي باكز
مجموعة الجنوب الشرقي: أتلانتا هوكس | تشارلوت بوبكاتس | ميامي هيت | أورلاندو ماجيك | واشنطن ويزاردز
المنطقة الغربية
مجموعة الشمال الغربي: دنفر ناغتس | مينيسيوتا تيمبر وولفز | بورتلاند ترايل بلايزرز | سياتل سوبرسونيكس | يوتاه جاز
مجموعة الهادي: غولدن ستايت ووريورز | لوس أنجلس كليبرز | لوس أنجلس لايكرز | فينيكس صنز | سكرامنتو كينغز
مجموعة الجنوب الغربي: دالاس مافيريكس | هيوستن روكتس | ميمفيس غريزليس | نيوأورليانز/أوكلاهوما سيتي هورنتس | سان أنطونيو سبرز

قالب:Top sport leagues in the United States

الكلمات الدالة: