افتح القائمة الرئيسية

پرث

(تم التحويل من پرث، أستراليا الغربية)

پرث (بالإنجليزية: Perth) هي عاصمة ولاية أستراليا الغربية، والمدينة الأكثر اكتظاظاً بالسكان فيها. بلغ عدد سكانها مليون ونصف المليون في يونيو عام 2004 مما يجعلها رابع أكبر أستراليا من ناحية عدد السكان. مساحتها 5386 كم2.

پرث
أستراليا الغربية
Perth montage 2.jpg
From top, left to right: Perth's skyline viewed from South Perth, Perth Mint, Elizabeth Quay bridge, Swan Bell Tower, His Majesty's Theatre, Kings Park State War Memorial
پرث is located in أستراليا
پرث
پرث
Coordinates31°57′8″S 115°51′32″E / 31.95222°S 115.85889°E / -31.95222; 115.85889Coordinates: 31°57′8″S 115°51′32″E / 31.95222°S 115.85889°E / -31.95222; 115.85889
Population2٬059٬484 (2018)[1] (4th)
 • Density320٫8969/km2 (831٫119/sq mi)
Established1829
Area6٬417٫9 km2 (2٬478�0 sq mi)(GCCSA)[2]
Time zoneAWST (UTC+08:00)
Location
State electorate(s)Perth (and 41 others)[7]
Federal Division(s)Perth (and 10 others)
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.6 °C
76 °F
12.7 °C
55 °F
850٫0 mm
33٫5 in

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

فهرست

الجغرافيا

Perth skyline, viewed from Mill Point



المناخ

بيانات مناخ Perth, Western Australia
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 45.8
(114.4)
46.2
(115.2)
42.4
(108.3)
37.6
(99.7)
34.3
(93.7)
28.1
(82.6)
26.3
(79.3)
27.8
(82)
34.2
(93.6)
37.3
(99.1)
40.3
(104.5)
44.2
(111.6)
46٫2
(115٫2)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
29.6
(85.3)
25.9
(78.6)
22.3
(72.1)
19.4
(66.9)
18.4
(65.1)
19.1
(66.4)
20.4
(68.7)
23.4
(74.1)
26.6
(79.9)
29.1
(84.4)
24٫8
(76٫6)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) 24.8
(76.6)
25.1
(77.2)
23.1
(73.6)
19.9
(67.8)
16.4
(61.5)
14.0
(57.2)
13.1
(55.6)
13.7
(56.7)
15.0
(59)
17.5
(63.5)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
18٫8
(65٫8)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 18.2
(64.8)
18.4
(65.1)
16.6
(61.9)
13.8
(56.8)
10.5
(50.9)
8.6
(47.5)
7.7
(45.9)
8.3
(46.9)
9.6
(49.3)
11.5
(52.7)
14.3
(57.7)
16.4
(61.5)
12٫8
(55)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) 8.9
(48)
8.7
(47.7)
6.3
(43.3)
4.1
(39.4)
1.3
(34.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.0
(32)
1.3
(34.3)
1.0
(33.8)
2.2
(36)
5.0
(41)
7.9
(46.2)
-0٫7
سقوط الأمطار mm (inches) 15.4
(0.606)
8.8
(0.346)
20.5
(0.807)
36.5
(1.437)
90.2
(3.551)
126.7
(4.988)
144.7
(5.697)
122.4
(4.819)
88.0
(3.465)
38.6
(1.52)
23.7
(0.933)
9.9
(0.39)
730٫5
(28٫76)
Avg. precipitation days 2.4 2.1 4.1 6.7 11.1 15.2 16.9 15.7 15.3 8.7 6.3 3.9 108٫4
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[8][9][10]
Temperatures: 1993–2015; Extremes: 1897–2015; Rain data: 1876–2012

Fremantle

Climate data for Perth
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average sea temperature °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
21.6
(70.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.1
(70.0)
20.3
(68.5)
20.1
(68.2)
19.2
(66.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.1
(66.4)
20.3
(68.5)
20.1
(68.2)
20.4
(68.7)
Mean daily daylight hours 14.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 14.0 12.0
Average Ultraviolet index 11+ 11 9 6 4 3 3 4 6 8 10 11+ 7.2
Source #1: METOC (sea temperature),[13] ARPANSA (UV index) [14]
Source #2: Bureau of Meteorology (daylight hours) [15]


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السكان

Perth is Australia's fourth-most populous city, having overtaken Adelaide's population in 1984.[19] In June 2015 there were approximately 2.04 million residents in the metropolitan area.[20]


الجماعات العرقية

 
One dot represents 100 persons born in:
United Kingdom (dark blue),
China (red),
Italy (light green),
Malaysia (dark green),
South Africa (brown),
Singapore (purple) and
Vietnam (yellow), based on 2006 Census.



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انظر أيضاً


الهامش

  1. ^ "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017–18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2019. ERP at 30 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Greater Perth: Basic Community Profile" (xls). 2011 Census Community Profiles. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Great Circle Distance between PERTH and ADELAIDE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  4. ^ "Great Circle Distance between PERTH and DARWIN CITY". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  5. ^ "Great Circle Distance between PERTH and MELBOURNE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  6. ^ "Great Circle Distance between PERTH and SYDNEY". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  7. ^ "2011 Electoral Boundaries". State of Western Australia – Office of the Electoral Distribution Commissioners. 2014. Archived from the original on 27 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  8. ^ Western Australian Climate Services Centre (Bureau of Meteorology) (January 2013). "Perth Metro Climate Averages" (PDF). Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  9. ^ Western Australian Climate Services Centre (Bureau of Meteorology) (January 2013). "Perth Metro Climatic Extremes" (PDF). Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  10. ^ "Climate statistics for Perth Metro". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
  11. ^ "Climate statistics for Kalamunda". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  12. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة JandakotAP
  13. ^ "Perth, Australia - Coastal Sea Surface Temperatures". Metoc. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  14. ^ "Perth, Australia - UV index". ARPANSA. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  15. ^ "Perth, Australia - Perth Metro Climatic Averages" (PDF). Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  16. ^ "3218.0 Historical Population Estimates by Australian Statistical Geography Standard, 1971 to 2011" (XLS). Australian Bureau of Statistics. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
  17. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة landgate map
  18. ^ "Greater Perth". 2011 Census QuickStats. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  19. ^ "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2012-13". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 30 March 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  20. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة ABSGCCSA
  21. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Community Profile Series : Perth (Statistical Division)". 2006 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 19 September 2008.

وصلات خارجية