مرقس

مار مرقس وبالعبرية "מרקוס ماركوس" ويطلق عليه اسم مرقس البشير، كان الكاتب للسفر الثاني من العهد الجديد انجيل مرقس ولذالك يلقب بالانجيلي. البطريرك الأول (55 ـ 68) للكنيسة القبطية الاورثوذكسية.

Saint Mark the Evangelist
StMarkcoptic.jpg
Coptic icon of Saint Mark
Gift of God
توفي25 April 68
Alexandria
مكرّم في
Oriental Orthodox Church, Byzantine Church, Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Catholic Churches, Anglican Church, Lutheran Church and some other Protestant Churches
Major shrineVenice, إيطاليا
Cairo, Egypt
عيدهApril 25
الصفاتLion in the desert; bishop on a throne decorated with lions; man helping Venetian sailors; man holding a book with "pax tibi Marce" written on it; man holding a palm and book; man with a book or scroll accompanied by a winged lion; man with a halter around his neck; man writing or holding his gospel; rescuing Christian slaves from Saracens; lion.
يرعىBarristers, Venice, and others; see [1]
The martyrdom of Saint Mark
Statue of St. Mark in Venice

ويظهر المسيح في الإِنجيل الذي دوَّنه مرقس بمظهر المُخَلّصِ الذي جاء ليفدي الإِنسان. فبدافع محبته الفائقة، نراه ينهمك في أَعمال الرحمة؛ فيسدُّ حاجة الإِنسان، ويخفِّف من أَحزانه، ثم يبذل نفسه فدية عنه. ومن هنا تركيز مرقس على معجزات المسيح أكثر من تركيزه على تعاليمه.

Illumination representing St. Mark in the 11th century Trebizond Gospel.

وينتهي هَذا الإِنجيل إلى الحديث عن نهاية الزمان وما سيحدث عند رجوع المسيح ثم يسرد الأَحداث المتعلِّقة بآلام المسيح وموته وقيامته وصعوده إلى المجد، ويؤكِّد على مساندة المسيح لتلاميذه فيما هم ينشرون البشارة في العالم أَجمع.

Statue of St. Mark by Donatello


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رفات القديس مار مرقس الرسول

لقد سُرق جسد القديس مار مرقس الرسول من الاسكندرية وذهبوا به إلى إيطاليا. لكن سنة 1968 أستعادت الكنيسة القبطية جسد القديس بكرامة عظيمة في ايام البابا كيرلس السادس بابا وبطريرك الكرازة المرقسية.

A mosaic of St Marks body welcomed into Venice, at St Mark's Basilica, Venice.

In 828, relics believed to be the body of Saint Mark were stolen from Alexandria (at the time controlled by the Abbasid Caliphate) by two Venetian merchants with the help of two Greek monks and taken to Venice.[1] A mosaic in St Mark's Basilica depicts sailors covering the relics with a layer of pork and cabbage leaves. Since Muslims are not permitted to eat pork, this was done to prevent the guards from inspecting the ship's cargo too closely.[2]

Donald Nicol explained this act as "motivated as much by politics as by piety", and "a calculated stab at the pretensions of the Patriarchate of Aquileia." Instead of being used to adorn the church of Grado, which claimed to possess the throne of Saint Mark, it was kept secretly by Doge Giustiniano Participazio in his modest palace. Possession of Saint Mark's remains was, in Nicol's words, "the symbol not of the Patriarchate of Grado, nor of the bishopric of Olivolo, but of the city of Venice." In his will, Doge Giustiniano asked his widow to build a basilica dedicated to Saint Mark, which was erected between the palace and the chapel of Saint Theodore Stratelates, who until then had been patron saint of Venice.[3]

In 1063, during the construction of St Mark's Basilica in Venice, Saint Mark's relics could not be found. However, according to tradition, in 1094, the saint himself revealed the location of his remains by extending an arm from a pillar.[4] The newfound remains were placed in a sarcophagus in the basilica.[5]

Copts believe that the head of Saint Mark remains in a church named after him in Alexandria, and parts of his relics are in Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Cairo. The rest of his relics are in Venice.[6] Every year, on the 30th day of the month of Paopi, the Coptic Orthodox Church celebrates the commemoration of the consecration of the church of Saint Mark, and the appearance of the head of the saint in the city of Alexandria. This takes place inside St Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Alexandria.[7]

In June 1968, Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria sent an official delegation to Rome to receive a relic of Saint Mark from Pope Paul VI. The delegation consisted of ten metropolitans and bishops, seven of whom were Coptic and three Ethiopian, and three prominent Coptic lay leaders.

The relic was said to be a small piece of bone that had been given to the Roman pope by Giovanni Cardinal Urbani, Patriarch of Venice. Pope Paul, in an address to the delegation, said that the rest of the relics of the saint remained in Venice.

The delegation received the relic on June 22, 1968. The next day, the delegation celebrated a pontifical liturgy in the Church of Saint Athanasius the Apostolic in Rome. The metropolitans, bishops, and priests of the delegation all served in the liturgy. Members of the Roman papal delegation, Copts who lived in Rome, newspaper and news agency reporters, and many foreign dignitaries attended the liturgy.


وصلات خارجية

سبقه
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Pope of Alexandria تبعه
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الإنجيليون الأربعة
متى | مرقس | لوقا | يوحنا
  1. ^ Donald M. Nicol, Byzantium and Venice: A Study in diplomatic and cultural relations (Cambridge: University Press, 1988), p. 24
  2. ^ Carboni, Stefano (2007). Venice and the Islamic World, 828-1797. Yale University Press. p. 14. ISBN 9780300124309. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
  3. ^ Nicol, Byzantium and Venice, pp. 24–6
  4. ^ Okey, Thomas (1904), Venice and Its Story, London: J. M. Dent & Co. 
  5. ^ "Section dedicated to the recovery of St. Mark's body". Basilicasanmarco.it. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
  6. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة cocn
  7. ^ Meinardus, Otto F.A. (March 21, 2006). "About the Laity of the Coptic Church" (PDF). Coptic Church Review. 27 (1): 11–12. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
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