رالي، كارولاينا الشمالية

(تم التحويل من رالي)

رالي بالإنگليزية: Raleigh هي مدينة أمريكية ومركز مقاطعة ويك في ولاية كارولاينا الشمالية في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية، أسست عام 1588 ويبلغ عدد سكانها 380.174 نسمة، وتعد مدينة رالي بضواحيها أسرع المدن نموا في الولايات المتحدة. رالي هي عاصمة ولاية كارولاينا الشمالية. فيها العديد من الجامعات، وشركات الحاسوب والأدوية والاتصالات.Raleigh is known as the "City of Oaks" for its many oak trees, which line the streets in the heart of the city.[6] The city covers a land area of 147.6 ميل مربعs (382 kم2). The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population as 474,069 as of July 1, 2019.[4] It is one of the fastest-growing cities in the country.[7][8] The city of Raleigh is named after Walter Raleigh, who established the lost Roanoke Colony in present-day Dare County.

رالي، كارولاينا الشمالية
City of Raleigh
Clockwise from top left: NC State bell tower, Confederate Monument at the North Carolina State Capitol (now removed), houses in Boylan Heights, houses in Historic Oakwood, statue of Sir Walter Raleigh, skyline of the downtown, Fayetteville Street, and the warehouse district
Clockwise from top left: NC State bell tower, Confederate Monument at the North Carolina State Capitol (now removed), houses in Boylan Heights, houses in Historic Oakwood, statue of Sir Walter Raleigh, skyline of the downtown, Fayetteville Street, and the warehouse district
الختم الرسمي لـ رالي، كارولاينا الشمالية
Seal
الكنية: 
"مدينة البلوط"
خريطة مقاطعة ويك، كارولاينا الشمالية
رالي is located in الولايات المتحدة
رالي
رالي
رالي (الولايات المتحدة)
رالي is located in أمريكا الشمالية
رالي
رالي
رالي (أمريكا الشمالية)
الإحداثيات: 35°46′N 78°38′W / 35.767°N 78.633°W / 35.767; -78.633Coordinates: 35°46′N 78°38′W / 35.767°N 78.633°W / 35.767; -78.633[1]
الدولة الولايات المتحدة
الولايةكارولينا الشمالية
المقاطعاتويك، درم
CharteredDecember 31, 1792
السمِيْالسير والتر رالي
الحكومة
 • النوعCouncil–Manager
 • العمدةماري-آن بالدوين (د.)
 • المجلس
المساحة
 • عاصمة ولاية ومدينة147٫64 ميل² (382٫38 كم²)
 • البر146٫54 ميل² (379٫55 كم²)
 • الماء1٫09 ميل² (2٫83 كم²)
المنسوب
315 ft (96 m)
التعداد
 (2010)
 • عاصمة ولاية ومدينة403٬892
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
474٬069
 • الكثافة3٬234٫97/sq mi (1٬249٫03/km2)
 • Urban
1٬012٬994
 • MSA
1٬337٬331 (44th)
 • CSA
2٬201٬103 (29th)
صفة المواطنRaleighite
منطقة التوقيتUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
27601, 27603, 27604, 27605, 27606, 27607, 27608, 27609, 27610, 27612, 27613, 27614, 27615, 27616, 27617
Area code(s)919, 984
FIPS code37-55000[5]
GNIS feature ID1024242[1]
Major airportRDU
Interstate HighwaysI-40, I-87, I-440, I-540
Other major highwaysUS 1, US 64, US 70, US 401, NC 50, NC 540
الموقع الإلكترونيraleighnc.gov

Raleigh is home to North Carolina State University (NC State) and is part of the Research Triangle together with Durham (home of Duke University and North Carolina Central University) and Chapel Hill (home of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill). The name of the Research Triangle (often shortened to the "Triangle") originated after the 1959 creation of Research Triangle Park (RTP), located in Durham and Wake counties, among the three cities and their universities. The Triangle encompasses the U.S. Census Bureau's Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which had an estimated population of 2,037,430 in 2013.[9] The Raleigh metropolitan statistical area had an estimated population of 1,390,785 in 2019.[10]

Most of Raleigh is located within Wake County, with a very small portion extending into Durham County.[11] The towns of Cary, Morrisville, Garner, Clayton, Wake Forest, Apex, Holly Springs, Fuquay-Varina, Knightdale, Wendell, Zebulon, and Rolesville are some of Raleigh's primary nearby suburbs and satellite towns.

Raleigh is an early example in the United States of a planned city.[12] Following the American Revolutionary War when the U.S. gained independence, this was chosen as the site of the state capital in 1788 and incorporated in 1792 as such. The city was originally laid out in a grid pattern with the North Carolina State Capitol in Union Square at the center. During the American Civil War, the city was spared from any significant battle. It fell to the Union in the closing days of the war, and struggled with the economic hardships in the postwar period related to the reconstitution of labor markets, over-reliance on agriculture, and the social unrest of the Reconstruction Era. Following the establishment of the Research Triangle Park (RTP) in 1959, several tens of thousands of jobs were created in the fields of science and technology, and it became one of the fastest-growing communities in the United States by the early 21st century.

تشكل المدينة مع كل من مدينتي درم وتشاپل هل، ما يعرف باسم حديقة مثلث الأبحاث أو المثلث اختصارا.

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التاريخ

 
Raleigh, North Carolina in 1872
 
Intersection of Fayetteville and Martin Streets, c 1908



الحكومة والقانون


الجريمة

الجغرافيا

المناخ

 
Snow in Raleigh, North Carolina
متوسطات الطقس لرالي، كارولينا الشمالية
شهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر السنة
العظمى القياسية °F (°C) 80 (27) 84 (29) 92 (33) 95 (35) 97 (36) 104 (40) 104 (40) 105 (41) 104 (40) 98 (37) 88 (31) 80 (27) 105 (41)
متوسط العظمى °ف (°م) 49.8 (10) 54 (12) 62.5 (17) 71.8 (22) 78.7 (26) 85.5 (30) 89.1 (32) 87.2 (31) 81.3 (27) 71.8 (22) 62.4 (17) 53.3 (12) 70٫6 (21)
متوسط الصغرى °ف (°م) 29.6 (-1) 31.9 (-0) 38.9 (4) 46.4 (8) 55.3 (13) 63.8 (18) 68.5 (20) 67.2 (20) 61 (16) 48.2 (9) 39.5 (4) 32.6 (0) 48٫6 (9)
الصغرى القياسية °ف (°C) -9 (-23) 0 (-18) 11 (-12) 23 (-5) 29 (-2) 38 (3) 48 (9) 46 (8) 37 (3) 19 (-7) 11 (-12) 4 (-16) −9 (−23)
هطول الأمطار بوصة (mm) 4.02 (102.1) 3.47 (88.1) 4.03 (102.4) 2.8 (71.1) 3.79 (96.3) 3.42 (86.9) 4.29 (109) 3.78 (96) 4.26 (108.2) 3.18 (80.8) 2.97 (75.4) 3.04 (77.2) 43٫04 (1٬093٫2)
المصدر: National Climatic Data Center[13] June 2009

أفق المدينة

Downtown Raleigh panorama, from 1909
Downtown Raleigh panorama, in 2014
 
Fayetteville Street in Downtown Raleigh

Raleigh is divided into several major geographic areas, each of which use a Raleigh address and a ZIP code that begins with the digits 276. PNC Plaza, formerly known as RBC Plaza, is the largest and tallest skyscraper in the city of Raleigh. The tower rises to a height of 538 feet (164 m), with a floor count of 34.

الاقتصاد

الديموغرافيا

التعداد تاريخياً
الإحصاء التعداد
1800669
18202٬674
18301٬700-36.4%
18402٬24432.0%
18504٬518101.3%
18604٬7805.8%
18707٬79063.0%
18809٬26518.9%
189012٬67836.8%
190013٬6437.6%
191019٬21840.9%
192024٬41827.1%
193037٬37953.1%
194046٬87925.4%
195065٬67940.1%
196093٬93143.0%
1970122٬83030.8%
1980150٬25522.3%
1990212٬09241.2%
2000276٬09330.2%
تقديري 2009388٬926[14]40.9%
[14]


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التعليم

 
Estey Hall on the campus of Shaw University
 
Main Building on the campus of Peace College

الثقافة

الرياضة

 
The RBC Center in Raleigh

النقل

 
The RDU sign at the entrance of the airport.
 
CAT bus on Hillsborough Street in Downtown Raleigh
 
Triangle Transit bus

الاعلام

المدن الشقيقة

رالي لديها العديد من المدن الشقيقة:[15][16]


انظر أيضا

المصادر

  1. ^ أ ب "Raleigh". نظام معلومات الأسماء الجغرافية، المسح الجيولوجي الأمريكي.
  2. ^ "City Council: Raleigh's Governing Body". City of Raleigh. May 6, 2016. Retrieved May 9, 2016.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  4. ^ أ ب خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة USCensusEst2019
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Population & Census Information". City of Raleigh. Archived from the original on July 21, 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
  7. ^ "Cary third fastest growing city in '08; Raleigh is 8th, Durham 16th". wral.com. July 1, 2009. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
  8. ^ Fisher, Daniel. "America's Fastest-Growing Cities". Forbes.com. Retrieved May 14, 2012.
  9. ^ "Population Estimates 2013 Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 15, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census profile: Raleigh-Cary, NC Metro Area". Census Reporter (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  11. ^ "Raleigh Durham Annexation Agreement Lines" (PDF). City of Raleigh. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2011. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  12. ^ "City of Raleigh". North Carolina History Project (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  13. ^ "NOW Data-NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-23.
  14. ^ أ ب [1]
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ [3]

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Wake County, North Carolina