سان-نازير

(تم التحويل من Saint-Nazaire)

سان-نازير (Saint-Nazaire ؛ النطق الفرنسي: [sɛ̃.na.zɛʁ]; بريتانية: Sant-Nazer/Señ Neñseir; Gallo: Saint-Nazère/Saint-Nazaer) هو commune في إقليم اللوار الأطلسي في غرب فرنسا، في بريتاني التقليدية.

سان-نازير

Saint-Nazaire
جسر مندان
جسر مندان
علم سان-نازير
Flag
درع سان-نازير
Coat of arms
سان-نازير is located in فرنسا
سان-نازير
سان-نازير
سان-نازير is located in بلاد اللوار
سان-نازير
سان-نازير
الإحداثيات: 47°16′50″N 2°12′31″W / 47.2806°N 2.2086°W / 47.2806; -2.2086Coordinates: 47°16′50″N 2°12′31″W / 47.2806°N 2.2086°W / 47.2806; -2.2086
البلدفرنسا
المنطقةبلاد اللوار
الإقليماللوار الأطلسي (إقليم فرنسي)
ArrondissementSaint-Nazaire
CantonSaint-Nazaire-1 و 2
الحكومة
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Joël-Guy Batteux
المساحة
1
46٫79 كم² (18٫07 ميل²)
التعداد
 (2006)2
71٬373
 • الكثافة1٬500/km2 (4٬000/sq mi)
منطقة التوقيتUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
44184 /44600
Elevation0–47 م (0–154 قدم)
(avg. 6 م or 20 قدم)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

The town has a major harbour on the right bank of the Loire River estuary, near the Atlantic Ocean. The town is at the south of the second-largest swamp in France, called "la Brière". Given its location, Saint-Nazaire has a long tradition of fishing and shipbuilding. The Chantiers de l'Atlantique, one of the largest shipyards in the world, has constructed notable superliners such as إس‌إس Normandie, إس‌إس France, RMS Queen Mary 2 and إم‌إس Symphony of the Seas, the largest passenger ship in the world اعتبارا من 2018.

Saint-Nazaire was a small village until the industrial area but became a large town in the second half of the 19th century, thanks to the construction of railways and the growth of the seaport. Saint-Nazaire progressively replaced Nantes as the main haven on the Loire estuary. The town was one of the most damaged in France during World War II. As a major submarine base for the Germans, Saint-Nazaire was subject to a British raid in 1942 and it was heavily bombed by the Allies until 1945. Being one of the Atlantic pockets, Saint-Nazaire was one of the last territories in Europe to be liberated from the Germans, on 11 May 1945.

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الديمغرافيا

تاريخ التعداد
(Source: Cassini[1])
1793 1800 1806 1820 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
3 381 3 316 3 303 - 3 204 3 789 - 3 771 4 145 5 318

1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
5 743 10 845 18 896 17 066 18 300 19 626 25 575 30 935 30 813

1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
35 813 35 762 38 267 41 631 39 411 40 488 43 281 11 802 39 350

1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2004 2005 2006
58 286 63 289 69 251 68 348 64 812 65 874 68 838 68 200 71 373
لتعدادات 1962 إلى 1999 الأرقام الرسمية تناظر أرقام without duplicates according to the INSEE.


لغة البريتون

In 2008, 0.41% of the children attended bilingual primary schools.[2]

التاريخ

غارة سان نازير

Map of the port in 1942


البلدات التوأم والمدن الشقيقة

Saint-Nazaire is twinned with:

It has also cooperation agreements with:

See also

References

  1. ^ http://cassini.ehess.fr/ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui
  2. ^ (بالفرنسية) Ofis ar Brezhoneg: Enseignement bilingue
  3. ^ "Britilh towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
  4. ^ P.C., Net. "Gdynia – International Gdynia – International co-operation of Gdynia". gdynia.pl. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  • Perrett, Bryan (2003). For Valour: Victoria Cross and Medal of Honor Battles. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London. ISBN 0-297-84662-0
  • Braeuer, Luc, L’incroyable histoire de la poche de Saint-Nazaire, Batz-Sur-Mer 2003.
  • Guériff, Fernand. Saint-Nazaire sous l'occupation allemande: le Commando, la Poche. Éditions du Paludier (In French)
  • Moret Henri, Histoire de Saint-Nazaire et de la région environnante, Bruxelles, 1977 (In French)
  • Barbance Marthe, Saint-Nazaire : la Ville, le Port, le Travail, Marseille, 1979 (In French)

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Loire-Atlantique communes