افتح القائمة الرئيسية

گالڤستون، تكساس

گالڤستون Galveston ‏ /ˈɡælvɪstən/ هي مدينة ساحلية تقع في جزيرة گالڤستون وجزيرة پليكان في ولاية تكساس. The community of 208.3 ميل مربعs (539 kم2), with its population of 47,762 people (2012 Census estimate), is the county seat and second-largest municipality of Galveston County. It is located within Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area.

Galveston, Texas
City
City of Galveston
Downtown Galveston in June 2011
Downtown Galveston in June 2011
Official seal of Galveston, Texas
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Oleander City[1]
Location in Galveston County in the state of Texas
Location in Galveston County in the state of Texas
الإحداثيات: 29°16′52″N 94°49′33″W / 29.28111°N 94.82583°W / 29.28111; -94.82583Coordinates: 29°16′52″N 94°49′33″W / 29.28111°N 94.82583°W / 29.28111; -94.82583
Country الولايات المتحدة
State تكساس
CountyGalveston
Incorporated1839
الحكم
 • النوعCouncil–manager
 • MayorJames D. Yarbrough
 • City ManagerBrian Maxwell
المساحة
 • الإجمالية208٫3 ميل² (539٫6 كم²)
 • البر46٫1 ميل² (119٫5 كم²)
 • الماء162٫2 ميل² (420٫1 كم²)
الارتفاع7 ft (2 m)
التعداد(2010)
 • الإجمالي47٬743
 • الكثافة1٬240/sq mi (478٫9/km2)
 • DemonymGalvestonian
منطقة التوقيتCST (التوقيت العالمي المنسق-6)
 • الصيفيCDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes77550-77555
مفتاح الهاتف409
FIPS code48-28068[2]
GNIS feature ID1377745[3]
الموقع الإلكترونيcityofgalveston.org

Named after Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid, Count of Gálvez (born in Málaga, Spain), Galveston's first European settlements on the island were constructed around 1816 by French pirate Louis-Michel Aury to help the fledgling Republic of Mexico fight Spain. The Port of Galveston was established in 1825 by the Congress of Mexico following its successful independence from Spain. The city served as the main port for the Texas Navy during the Texas Revolution, and later served as the capital of the Republic of Texas.

During the 19th century, Galveston became a major U.S. commercial center and one of the largest ports in the الولايات المتحدة. It was devastated by the 1900 Galveston Hurricane, whose effects included flooding and a storm surge. The natural disaster on the exposed barrier island is still ranked as the deadliest in United States history, with an estimated toll of 6,000-8,000 people.

Much of Galveston's modern economy is centered in the tourism, health care, shipping, and financial industries. The 84-أكر (340,000 م2) University of Texas Medical Branch campus with an enrollment of more than 2,500 students is a major economic force of the city. Galveston is home to six historic districts containing one of the largest and historically significant collections of 19th-century buildings with over 60 structures listed in the National Register of Historic Places.


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Hurricane of 1900 and recovery

Memorial marker along the Strand Historic District indicating a building that survived the 1900 hurricane.


فهرست

Geography

 
Galveston, seen from the International Space Station

Climate

Galveston
جدول الطقس (التفسير)
يفمأمييأسأند
 
 
4.1
 
62
50
 
 
3.6
 
64
52
 
 
3.8
 
70
58
 
 
3.6
 
75
65
 
 
3.7
 
81
72
 
 
5
 
87
78
 
 
5.5
 
89
80
 
 
6.2
 
89
80
 
 
8.8
 
87
76
 
 
5.5
 
80
68
 
 
4.6
 
71
59
 
 
4.5
 
64
52
متوسطات درجات الحرارة القصوى والدنيا - °ف
إجمالي الهطل - بوصة
المصدر: National Weather Service Forecast Office Houston/Galveston, Texas: Galveston Climate Data


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الديمغرافيا

التعداد Pop.
18504٬177
18607٬30774٫9%
187013٬81889٫1%
188022٬24861�0%
189029٬08430٫7%
190037٬78929٫9%
191036٬981−2٫1%
192044٬25519٫7%
193052٬93819٫6%
194060٬86215�0%
195066٬5689٫4%
196067٬1750٫9%
197061٬809−8�0%
198061٬9020٫2%
199059٬070−4٫6%
200057٬247−3٫1%
201047٬743−16٫6%


Sister cities

Galveston has five sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:[11]

See also


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Notes

  1. ^ "History of the Oleander in America... By Way of Galveston". International Oleander Society. Retrieved 2009-10-09.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Table 1: Population Estimates for the 25 Largest U.S. Cities based on July 1, 2006 Population Estimates: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006" (PDF).
  5. ^ Official records for Galveston were kept at an unknown location from April 1871 to August 1946, at the COOP station from September 1946 to December 1996, and at Scholes Int'l since January 1997. The temperature record only dates back to June 1874. Therefore, precipitation day normals are not currently available at Scholes Int'l. For more information, see ThreadEx.
  6. ^ أ ب "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  7. ^ "Monthly Averages for Galveston, TX". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  8. ^ "Climatological Normals of Galveston". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  9. ^ Samenow, Jason (June 26, 2012). "Record setting heat wave roasts Rockies (Denver), Plains, heading east". The Washington Post.
  10. ^ "Station Name: TX GALVESTON". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-27.
  11. ^ "Galveston's Sister Cities". City of Galveston. Retrieved 2014-06-01.

References

وصلات خارجية