قائمة رؤوس دولة پنما

(تم التحويل من President of Panama)

تسرد هذه المقالة رؤساء دول پنما منذ الاستقلال الأول قصير الأجل عن جمهورية غرناطة الجديدة في عام 1840 والنهاية الانفصال من كولومبيا عام 1903.

رئيس جمهورية پنما
Presidente de la República de Panamá
Presidential Flag of Panama.svg
المعيار الرئاسي
Coat of Arms of Panama.svg
شعار پنما
Laurentino Cortizo (cropped).jpg
الحالي
لورنتينو كورتيزو

منذ 1 يوليو 2019
المقربالاسيو دي لاس گارثاس, مدينة پنما
طول المدةخمس سنوات
غير مؤهل لإعادة الانتخاب فورًا
الشاغل الافتتاحيمانويل أمادور گيريرو
التشكل20 فبراير 1904
النائبنائب رئيس بنما
الراتب7,000 دولار أمريكي شهريًا [1]
الموقع الإلكترونيPresidencia de la República

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رؤساء كولومبيا (1819 إلى الوقت الحاضر)

جمهورية كولومبيا العظمى (1819-1831)

Parties

  Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1   Simón Bolívar y Palacios
(1783–1830)
1819 15 February 1819 4 May 1830 Independent
2   Joaquín de Mosquera y Arboleda
(1787–1878)
1830 4 May 1830 4 September 1830 Independent
3   Rafael Urdaneta y Faría
(1788—1845)
4 September 1830 30 April 1831 Independent

جمهورية غرناطة الجديدة (1831-1858)

Parties

  Independent   Liberal Party   Conservative Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1   Francisco de Paula Santander
(1788—1845)
1832 30 April 1831 (informal)
10 March 1832 (official)
1 April 1837 Independent
2   José Ignacio de Márquez
(1793–1880)
1837 1 April 1837 1 April 1841 Independent
3   Pedro Alcántara Herrán
(1800–1872)
1841 1 April 1841 1 April 1845 Independent
4   Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
(1798–1878)
1845 1 April 1845 1 April 1849 Independent
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 5   José Hilario López
(1798–1869)
1849 1 April 1849 1 April 1853 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 6   José María Obando
(1795–1861)
1853 1 April 1853 17 April 1854 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 7   José María Melo
(1800–1860)
17 April 1854 1 April 1857 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Conservative Party/meta/color;" | 8   Mariano Ospina Rodríguez
(1805–1885)
1857 1 April 1857 22 May 1858 Conservative Party

اتحاد گرنادين (1858-1863)

Parties

  Conservative Party   Liberal Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
style="background:قالب:Colombian Conservative Party/meta/color;" | 1   Mariano Ospina Rodríguez
(1805–1885)
1857 22 May 1858 1 April 1861 Conservative Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Conservative Party/meta/color;" | 2   Bartolomé Calvo Díaz
(1815–1889)
1861 1 April 1861 18 July 1861
(deposed by a revolution)
Conservative Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 3   Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
(1798–1878)
18 July 1861 14 May 1863 Liberal Party

الولايات المتحدة الكولومبية (1863-1886)

Parties

  Liberal Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 1   Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
(1798–1878)
14 May 1863 1 April 1864 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 2 ملف:Manuel Murillo Toro.JPG Manuel Murillo Toro
(1816–1880)
1864 1 April 1864 1 April 1866 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 3   Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera
(1798–1878)
1866 1 April 1866 23 May 1867 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 4   Santos Acosta Castillo
(1828–1901)
23 May 1867 1 April 1868 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 5   Santos Gutiérrez Prieto
(1820–1872)
1868 1 April 1868 1 April 1870 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 6   Eustorgio Salgar Moreno
(1831–1885)
1870 1 April 1870 1 April 1872 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 7 ملف:Manuel Murillo Toro.JPG Manuel Murillo Toro
(1816–1880)
1872 1 April 1872 1 April 1874 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 8   Santiago Pérez de Manosalbas
(1830–1900)
1874 1 April 1874 1 April 1876 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 9   Aquileo Parra Gómez
(1825–1900)
1876 1 April 1876 1 April 1878 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 10   Julián Trujillo Largacha
(1828–1883)
1878 1 April 1878 1 April 1880 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 11   Rafael Núñez Moledo
(1825–1894)
1880 1 April 1880 1 April 1882 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 12   Francisco Javier Zaldúa
(1811–1882)
1882 1 April 1882 21 December 1882
(died in office)
Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 13   José Eusebio Otálora
(1826–1884)
21 December 1882 1 April 1884 Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Liberal Party/meta/color;" | 14   Rafael Núñez Moledo
(1825–1894)
1884 1 April 1884 1 April 1886 Liberal Party


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الحالة الحرة للبرزخ (1840-1841)

  • Superior Civil Chief: 18 November 1840 – 20 March 1841 General Juan Lopez
  • Superior Chief of State: 20 March 1841 – 8 June 1841 Tomás de Herrera
  • President: 8 June 1841 – 31 December 1841 Tomás de Herrera

جمهورية كولومبيا (1886-1903)

Parties
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1   Rafael Núñez Moledo
(1825–1894)
1886 1 April 1886 18 September 1894
(died in office)
National Party
2   Miguel Antonio Caro Tobar
(1845–1909)
18 September 1894 7 August 1898 National Party
3   Manuel Antonio Sanclemente
(1814–1902)
1898 7 August 1898 31 July 1900
(resigned for health problems)
National Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Conservative Party/meta/color;" | 4   José Manuel Marroquín
(1827–1908)
31 July 1900 7 August 1904 Conservative Party
style="background:قالب:Colombian Conservative Party/meta/color;" | 5   Rafael Reyes Prieto
(1849–1921)
1904 7 August 1904 27 July 1909
(resigned)
Conservative Party

جمهورية پنما (1903 – الآن)

رئيس المجلس البلدي في پنما ورئيس الأمر الواقع (1903)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of Office
Demetrio H. Brid
(1859–1917)
  3 November 1903 4 November 1903

أعضاء مجلس الحكومة المؤقتة (1903-1904)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of Office
José Agustín Arango
(1841–1909)
  4 November 1903 20 February 1904
Tomás Arias
(1856–1932)
 
Federico Boyd
(1851–1924)
 
Manuel Espinosa Batista
(1857–1919)
  9 November 1903 7 December 1903

رؤساء پنما (1904– الآن)

No. President
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Affiliation Election Notes
style="background:قالب:Conservative Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 1 Manuel Amador Guerrero
(1833–1909)
  20 February 1904 23 June 1907[2] Conservative Party 1904
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 2 José Domingo de Obaldía
(1845–1910)
  24 June 1907[2] 27 December 1907[2] National Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Conservative Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| (1) Manuel Amador Guerrero
(1833–1909)
  29 December 1907[2] 1 October 1908 Conservative Party
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| (2) José Domingo de Obaldía
(1845–1910)
  1 October 1908 1 March 1910 National Liberal Party 1908 Died in office.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| — Carlos Antonio Mendoza
(1856–1916)
  1 March 1910 1 October 1910 National Liberal Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| — Federico Boyd
(1851–1924)
  1 October 1910 5 October 1910 National Liberal Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| — Pablo Arosemena
(1836–1920)
  5 October 1910 1 October 1912 National Liberal Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 3 Belisario Porras Barahona
(1856–1942)
1 October 1912 1 October 1916 National Liberal Party 1912 First tenure.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 4 Ramón Maximiliano Valdés
(1867–1918)
  1 October 1916 3 June 1918 National Liberal Party 1916 Died in office.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| — Ciro Luis Urriola
(1863–1922)
  3 June 1918 1 October 1918 National Liberal Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:Conservative Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| — Pedro Antonio Díaz
(1852–1919)
  1 October 1918 12 October 1918 Conservative Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| (3) Belisario Porras Barahona
(1856–1942)
12 October 1918 30 January 1920 National Liberal Party 1918 Second tenure.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| — Ernesto Tisdel Lefevre
(1876–1922)
  30 January 1920 1 October 1920 National Liberal Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| (3) Belisario Porras Barahona
(1856–1942)
1 October 1920 1 October 1924 National Liberal Party 1920 Third tenure.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 5 Rodolfo Chiari
(1869–1937)
  1 October 1924 1 October 1928 National Liberal Party 1924
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 6 Florencio Harmodio Arosemena
(1872–1945)
  1 October 1928 3 January 1931 National Liberal Party 1928 Deposed in a coup d'état.
Harmodio Arias Madrid
(1886–1963)
3 January 1931 16 January 1931 Independent Acting President.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 7 Ricardo Joaquín Alfaro Jované
(1882–1971)
  16 January 1931 5 June 1932 National Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 8 Harmodio Arias Madrid
(1886–1963)
5 June 1932 1 October 1936 National Revolutionary Party 1932
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 9 Juan Demóstenes Arosemena
(1879–1939)
1 October 1936 16 December 1939 National Liberal Party 1936 Died in office.
style="background:قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color; color:white;"| — Ezequiel Fernández
(1886–1946)
  16 December 1939 18 December 1939 National Revolutionary Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color; color:white;"| — Augusto Samuel Boyd
(1879–1957)
  18 December 1939 1 October 1940 National Revolutionary Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 10 Arnulfo Arias
(1901–1988)
  1 October 1940 9 October 1941 National Revolutionary Party 1940 First tenure.
Deposed in a coup d'état.
11 Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango
(1899–1969)
  9 October 1941 15 June 1945 Independent
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| — Enrique Adolfo Jiménez
(1888–1970)
  15 June 1945 7 August 1948 National Liberal Party 1945 Provisional President.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 12 Domingo Díaz Arosemena
(1875–1949)
  7 August 1948 28 July 1949 National Liberal Party 1948 Resigned after a heart attack, and died less than a month later.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 13 Daniel Chanis Pinzón
(1892–1961)
  28 July 1949 20 November 1949 National Liberal Party
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 14 Roberto Francisco Chiari Remón
(1905–1981)
  20 November 1949 24 November 1949 National Liberal Party First tenure.
style="background:قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color; color:white;"| (10) Arnulfo Arias
(1901–1988)
  24 November 1949 9 May 1951 Panameñista Party Second tenure.
style="background:قالب:Authentic Revolutionary Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 15 Alcibíades Arosemena
(1883–1958)
  9 May 1951 1 October 1952 Authentic Revolutionary Party
style="background:قالب:National Patriotic Coalition/meta/color; color:white;"| 16 José Antonio Remón Cantera
(1908–1955)
  1 October 1952 2 January 1955 National Patriotic Coalition 1952 Assassinated.
style="background:قالب:National Patriotic Coalition/meta/color; color:white;"| 17 José Ramón Guizado
(1899–1964)
  2 January 1955 29 March 1955 National Patriotic Coalition
style="background:قالب:National Patriotic Coalition/meta/color; color:white;"| 18 Ricardo Arias
(1912–1993)
  29 March 1955 1 October 1956 National Patriotic Coalition
style="background:قالب:National Patriotic Coalition/meta/color; color:white;"| 19 Ernesto de la Guardia
(1904–1983)
  1 October 1956 1 October 1960 National Patriotic Coalition 1956
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| (14) Roberto Francisco Chiari Remón
(1905–1981)
  1 October 1960 1 October 1964 National Liberal Party 1960 Second tenure.
style="background:قالب:National Liberal Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 20 Marco Aurelio Robles
(1908–1990)
  1 October 1964 1 October 1968 National Liberal Party 1964
style="background:قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color; color:white;"| (10) Arnulfo Arias
(1901–1988)
  1 October 1968 11 October 1968 Panameñista Party 1968 Third tenure.
Deposed in a coup d'état.
José María Pinilla Fábrega
(1919–1979)
  12 October 1968 18 December 1969 National Guard Chairman of the Provisional Junta.
21 Colonel
Bolívar Urrutia Parrilla
(1918–2005)
  President.
22 Demetrio B. Lakas
(1925–1999)
  19 December 1969 11 October 1978 Independent 1972 Chairman of the Provisional Junta to 11 October 1972.
style="background:قالب:Democratic Revolutionary Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 23 Aristides Royo
(born 1940)
  11 October 1978 31 July 1982 Democratic Revolutionary Party 1978
style="background:قالب:Democratic Revolutionary Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 24 Ricardo de la Espriella
(born 1934)
  31 July 1982 13 February 1984 Democratic Revolutionary Party
25 Jorge Illueca
(1918–2012)
  13 February 1984 11 October 1984 Independent
style="background:قالب:Democratic Revolutionary Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 26 Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino
(born 1938)
  11 October 1984 28 September 1985 Democratic Revolutionary Party 1984
style="background:قالب:Republican Party (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| — Eric Arturo Delvalle
(1937–2015)
  28 September 1985 26 February 1988 Republican Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:Democratic Revolutionary Party/meta/color; color:white;"| — Manuel Solís Palma
(1917–2009)
  26 February 1988 1 September 1989 Democratic Revolutionary Party Acting President.
style="background:قالب:Democratic Revolutionary Party/meta/color; color:white;"| — Francisco Rodríguez
(born 1938)
  1 September 1989 20 December 1989 Democratic Revolutionary Party Provisional President.
Deposed in the US invasion.
style="background:قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 27 Guillermo Endara
(1936–2009)
  20 December 1989 1 September 1994 Panameñista Party 1989
style="background:قالب:Democratic Revolutionary Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 28 Ernesto Pérez Balladares
(born 1946)
  1 September 1994 1 September 1999 Democratic Revolutionary Party 1994
style="background:قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 29 Mireya Moscoso
(born 1946)
  1 September 1999 1 September 2004 Panameñista Party 1999 Widow of Arnulfo Arias.
style="background:قالب:Democratic Revolutionary Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 30 Martín Torrijos
(born 1963)
  1 September 2004 1 July 2009 Democratic Revolutionary Party 2004 Son of Omar Torrijos.
style="background:قالب:Democratic Change (Panama)/meta/color; color:white;"| 31 Ricardo Martinelli
(born 1951)
  1 July 2009 1 July 2014 Democratic Change 2009
style="background:قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 32 Juan Carlos Varela
(born 1963)
  1 July 2014 1 July 2019 Panameñista Party 2014
style="background:قالب:Democratic Revolutionary Party/meta/color; color:white;"| 33 Nito Cortizo
(born 1953)
  1 July 2019 Incumbent Democratic Revolutionary Party 2019


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القادة العسكريون (الفعليون) لبنما (1968-1989)

Panama was from 1968–1989 de facto controlled by a military junta which appointed the nominal president, who himself had little power, while the junta and its leaders, while not official heads of state, exerted actual control over the country.

Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Military Affiliation Notes
Brigadier-General
Omar Torrijos
(1929–1981)
  11 October 1968 31 July 1981 National Guard Styled as Maximum Leader of the Panamanian Revolution from 11 October 1968.
Killed in an air crash.
Colonel
Rubén Darío Paredes
(1934–)
  3 March 1982 12 August 1983 National Guard
General
Manuel Noriega
(1934–2017)
  12 August 1983 20 December 1989 National Guard
(until 29 September 1983.)
Styled as Maximum Leader of the National Liberation from 15 December 1989.
Deposed in the US invasion.
Panama Defense Forces

الرؤساء السابقون الأحياء

There are nine living former presidents. The most recent former president to die was Eric Arturo Delvalle (1985–1988), on 2 October 2015.

الخط الزمني

Laurentino CortizoJuan Carlos VarelaRicardo MartinelliMartín TorrijosMireya MoscosoErnesto Pérez BalladaresGuillermo EndaraFrancisco RodríguezManuel Solís PalmaEric Arturo DelvalleNicolás Ardito Barletta VallarinoJorge IlluecaRicardo de la EspriellaAristides RoyoDemetrio B. LakasBolívar Urrutia ParrillaJosé María Pinilla FábregaManuel NoriegaRubén Darío ParedesFlorencio Flores AguilarOmar TorrijosMarco Aurelio RoblesErnesto de la GuardiaRicardo Arias (politician)José Ramón GuizadoJosé Antonio Remón CanteraAlcibíades ArosemenaRoberto Francisco Chiari RemónDaniel Chanis PinzónDomingo Díaz ArosemenaEnrique Adolfo JiménezRicardo Adolfo de la Guardia ArangoArnulfo AriasAugusto Samuel BoydEzequiel FernándezJuan Demóstenes ArosemenaRicardo Joaquín Alfaro JovanéHarmodio Arias MadridFlorencio Harmodio ArosemenaRodolfo ChiariErnesto Tisdel LefevrePedro Antonio DíazCiro Luis UrriolaRamón Maximiliano ValdésBelisario Porras BarahonaPablo ArosemenaFederico BoydCarlos Antonio MendozaJosé Domingo de ObaldíaManuel Amador Guerrero

أحدث الانتخابات

Candidate Party Votes %
bgcolor=قالب:Democratic Revolutionary Party/meta/color| Laurentino Cortizo Democratic Revolutionary Party 655,428 33.35
bgcolor=قالب:Democratic Change (Panama)/meta/color| Rómulo Roux Democratic Change 609,223 31.00
Ricardo Lombana Independent 369,303 18.79
bgcolor=قالب:Panameñista Party/meta/color| José Blandón Panameñista Party 212,812 10.83
Ana Matilde Gómez Independent 93,608 4.76
Saúl Méndez Broad Front for Democracy 13,582 0.69
Marco Ameglio Independent 11,321 0.58
Invalid/blank votes 48,782
Total 2,014,059 100
Registered voters/turnout 2,757,823 73.03
Source: Election Tribunal

أنظر أيضاً


المصادر

  1. ^ "Shocking Gap Between Latin America's Presidential Salaries And Workers Minimum Wage". Latin Post. 22 June 2017.
  2. ^ أ ب ت ث ".:: SomosPanama.com ::". 2 April 2016. Archived from the original on 2 April 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2018.

قالب:Panama year nav

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