قائمة رؤساء فرنسا

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الجمهورية الفرنسية الأولى (1792-1804)


الجمهورية الفرنسية الثانية (1848-1852)

رئيس الحكومة المؤقتة للجمهورية

President of the National Constituent Assembly

Chairman of the Executive Commission

President of the National Constituent Assembly

Chief of the Executive Power

الرئيس

# الصورة الاسم بداية المدة نهاية المدة الحزب السياسي
1   Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte 20 December 1848 2 December 1852 (became Emperor of the French) Bonapartist

الجمهورية الفرنسية الثالثة (1870-1940)

President of the Government of National Defense

Presidents of the National Constituent Assembly

Chief of the Executive Power

  • Adolphe Thiers (17 February 1871-30 August 1871) (became President on 31 August)

الرؤساء

# الصورة الاسم بداية المدة نهاية المدة الحزب السياسي
2   Adolphe Thiers 31 August 1871 24 May 1873 (resigned) Opportunist Republican
3   Patrice de Mac-Mahon 24 May 1873 30 January 1879 (resigned) Legitimist
4   Jules Grévy 30 January 1879 2 December 1887 (resigned) Opportunist Republican
5   Marie François Sadi Carnot 3 December 1887 25 June 1894 (assassinated) Opportunist Republican
6   Jean Casimir-Perier 27 June 1894 16 January 1895 (resigned) Opportunist Republican
7   Félix Faure 17 January 1895 16 February 1899 (died in office) Opportunist Republican
8   Émile Loubet 18 February 1899 18 February 1906 Opportunist Republican
9   Armand Fallières 18 February 1906 18 February 1913 ARD-PRD
10   Raymond Poincaré 18 February 1913 18 February 1920 PRD-ARD
11   Paul Deschanel 18 February 1920 21 September 1920 (resigned) ARD-PRDS
12   ألكسندر ميلران 23 سبتمبر 1920 11 يونيو 1924 (تنحى) مستقل
13   گاستون دومرگ 13 June 1924 13 June 1931 Radical
14   Paul Doumer 13 June 1931 7 May 1932 (assassinated) Radical
15   Albert Lebrun 10 May 1932 11 July 1940 (deposed) AD


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الرؤساء المؤقتون

Under the Third Republic, the President of the Council served as Acting President whenever the office of President was vacant.

The office of President of the French Republic did not exist from 1940 until 1947.

الدولة الفرنسية (1940-1944)

رئيس الدولة

الحكومة المؤقتة للجمهورية الفرنسية (1944-1947)

رئيس الحكومة المؤقتة

الجمهورية الفرنسية الرابعة (1947-1958)

الرؤساء

# الصورة الاسم بداية المدة نهاية المدة الحزب السياسي
16   Vincent Auriol 16 January 1947 16 January 1954 French Section of the Workers' International
17   René Coty 16 January 1954 8 January 1959 (term shortened) National Centre of Independents and Peasants

الجمهورية الفرنسية الخامسة (1958-الحاضر)

# الصورة الاسم[أ]
(الميلاد – الوفاة)
فترة المنصب والانتخاب الحزب Ref.
المنصب السابق
18   Charles de Gaulle
GCLH GCM CL Cg (1914) Cg (1939) CC MIV Mcg
(1890 – 1970)
8 January 1959 28 April 1969 1958 Union for the New Republic
(1959 – 1967)
[1]
1965 Union of Democrats for the Republic
(1967 – 1969)
President of the Council of Ministers
1 June 1958  – 8 January 1959)
The President of the Senate Alain Poher deputised during the interim (28 April 1969  – 20 June 1969). [2]
19   Georges Pompidou
GCLH GCM Cg (1939)
(1911 – 1974)
20 June 1969 2 April 1974 [†] 1969 Union of Democrats for the Republic [3]
Prime Minister of France
14 April 1962  – 10 July 1968)
The President of the Senate Alain Poher deputised during the interim (2 April 1974  – 27 May 1974). [2]
20   Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
GCLH GCM Cg (1939) Académie
(born 1926)
27 May 1974 21 May 1981 1974 Independent Republicans
(1974 – 1977)
then renamed
Republican Party
(1977 – 1981)
[4]
Minister of Economy and Finances
20 June 1969  – 27 May 1974)
21   François Mitterrand
GCLH GCM OF MR Cg (1939)
(1916 – 1996)
21 May 1981 17 May 1995 1981 Socialist Party [5]
1988
MP of the National Assembly for Nièvre
6 December 1962  – 21 May 1981)
22   Jacques Chirac
GCLH GCM OF CVM COMA COAL MA Algérie COEN
(born 1932)
17 May 1995 16 May 2007 1995 Rally for the Republic
(1995 – 2002)
[6]
2002 Union for a Popular Movement
(2002 – 2007)
Mayor of Paris
25 March 1977  – 16 May 1995)
23   Nicolas Sarkozy
GCLH GCM
(born 1955)
16 May 2007 15 May 2012 2007 Union for a Popular Movement [7]
Minister of the Interior
2 June 2005  – 26 March 2007)
24   François Hollande
GCLH GCM
(born 1954)
15 May 2012 14 May 2017 2012 Socialist Party [8]
President of Corrèze General Council
20 March 2008  – 11 May 2012)
25   Emmanuel Macron
GCLH GCM
(born 1977)
14 May 2017 Incumbent 2017 La République En Marche! [8]
Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs
26 August 2014  – 30 August 2016)


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رئيس مؤقت

 

  • ألان پوهيه, the President of the French Senate, served as Acting President of the Republic after President de Gaulle's resignation on 28 April until the installation of his elected successor President Pompidou on 20 June 1969 and again from 3 April upon President Pompidou's death in office until the installation of his elected successor, President Giscard d'Estaing, on 27 May 1974.

خط زمني بياني

Emmanuel MacronFrançois HollandeNicolas SarkozyJacques ChiracFrançois MitterrandValéry Giscard d'EstaingGeorges PompidouAlain PoherCharles de Gaulle

الرؤساء السابقون الأحياء

انظر أيضاً


خطأ استشهاد: وسوم <ref> موجودة لمجموعة اسمها "lower-alpha"، ولكن لم يتم العثور على وسم <references group="lower-alpha"/>

  1. ^ "Charles de Gaulle (1890–1970)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 1 April 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  2. ^ أ ب "Alain Poher (1909–1996)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  3. ^ "Georges Pompidou (1911–1974)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 1 April 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. ^ "Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (1926)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  5. ^ "François Mitterrand (1916–1996)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 1 April 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  6. ^ "Jacques Chirac (1932)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  7. ^ "Nicolas Sarkozy (1955)" (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  8. ^ أ ب "Biographie officielle de François Hollande" [Official biography of François Hollande] (in French). Official website of the French Presidency. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
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