سوبيبور، معسكر الاعتقال

(تم التحويل من Sobibór extermination camp)
"Sobibor" redirects here. For other uses, see Sobibor (disambiguation).

Sobibor ( /sˈbbɔːr/) was a Nazi German extermination camp built and operated by the SS during World War II near the railway station of Sobibór near Włodawa within the semi-colonial territory of General Government in occupied Poland.

Sobibor
Extermination camp
Poland Sobibor - death camp mausoleum.jpg
Camp memorial: pyramid of sand mixed with human ashes
Blank.png
WW2-Holocaust-Poland.PNG
Location of Sobibór (right of centre) on the map of German extermination camps marked with black and white skulls. Poland's borders before the Second World War
Sobibór is located in پولندا
Sobibór
Sobibór
Location of Sobibor in Poland today
الإحداثيات51°26′50″N 23°35′37″E / 51.44722°N 23.59361°E / 51.44722; 23.59361Coordinates: 51°26′50″N 23°35′37″E / 51.44722°N 23.59361°E / 51.44722; 23.59361
أسماء أخرىSS-Sonderkommando Sobibor
الشهرةGenocide during the Holocaust
الموقعNear Sobibór, General Government (occupied Poland)
بناه
القائد
الاستخدام الأصليExtermination camp
بدأ الإنشاءMarch 1942 – May 1942
وضع التشغيل16 May 1942 – 14 October 1943[1]
عدد غرف الغاز 
3 (expanded to 6)[2]
المساجينJews mainly from Poland, but also from France, Germany, the Netherlands, Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union (including POWs)
عدد المساجينEst. 600–650 slave labour at any given time
قتلىEst. min. 200,000–250,000
مساجين بارزونJoseph Serchuk, Dov Freiberg, Alexander Pechersky

The camp was part of the secretive Operation Reinhard, the deadliest phase of the Holocaust in Poland. Jews from Poland, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Czechoslovakia, and the Soviet Union (including Jewish-Soviet POWs),[3][4][5] were transported to the camp by rail. Most were suffocated in gas chambers fed by the exhaust of a large petrol engine.[6]


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

انظر أيضاً


Notes

  1. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة Arad373
  2. ^ Lest we forget (14 March 2004), ""Extermination camp Sobibor"". Archived from the original on 7 March 2005. Retrieved 7 March 2005. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help) The Holocaust. Retrieved on 17 May 2013.
  3. ^ Philip "Fiszel" Bialowitz, Joseph Bialowitz, A Promise at Sobibór: A Jewish Boy’s Story of Revolt and Survival in Nazi-Occupied Poland, University of Wisconsin Press, 2010 .105
  4. ^ Thomas Toivi Blatt, From the Ashes of Sobibor: A Story of Survival, Northwestern University Press, 1997 p.131.
  5. ^ Alan J. Levine,Captivity, Flight, and Survival in World War II, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000 p.205.
  6. ^ Schelvis 2007, p. 100: Testimony of SS-Scharführer Erich Fuchs about his own installation of the (at least) 200 HP, V-shaped, 8 cylinder, water-cooled petrol engine at Sobibor.

References

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Sobibór extermination camp قالب:Holocaust Poland