شين فين

(تم التحويل من Sinn Féin)

شين فين (Sinn Féin ؛ /ʃɪn ˈfn/ shin FAYN,[4] الأيرلندية: [ʃɪnʲ ˈfʲeːnʲ]; بالإنگليزية: "[We] Ourselves")[5] هو حزب سياسي إيرلندي، موجود في كل من إيرلندا الشمالية وجمهورية إيرلندا، وينظر إليه البعض على أنه الجناح السياسي للجيش الجمهوري الإيرلندي. و تطلق التسمية على عدد من الحركات السياسية الايرلندية خلال القرن العشرين مستوحاة من الحزب الاصلي الذي اسس في عام 1905 على يد ارثر جريفيث و تعني الكلمة انفسنا او "ourselves" or "we ourselves

  • الرئيس الحالي : جيري ادامز
  • التاسيس : الحزب الرئيسي 1905
  • المذهب السياسي " الايدولوجية السياسية " : الاشتراكية الديمقراطية و يعتبر الجناح السياسي للجيش الجمهوري الايرلندي
Sinn Féin
المؤسسArthur Griffith
PresidentMary Lou McDonald
Vice PresidentMichelle O'Neill
ChairpersonDeclan Kearney
General SecretaryDawn Doyle
Seanad LeaderRose Conway-Walsh
الشعار"Building an Ireland of Equals"
تأسس
  • 28 November 1905
    (original form)
  • 17 January 1970
    (current form)
المقر الرئيسي44 Parnell Square, Dublin 1, D01 XA36
الصحيفةAn Phoblacht
الجناح الشبابيÓgra Shinn Féin
الأيديولوجية
الموقف السياسيCentre-left[1] to left-wing[2]
الجماعة بالپرلمان الاوروپيEuropean United Left–Nordic Green Left
الألوانقالب:Colourbox Green
الشعار الحادي"Building an Ireland of Equals"
Dáil Éireann
37 / 160
Seanad Éireann
6 / 60
Northern Ireland Assembly
26 / 90
House of Commons
(NI seats)
7 / 18
(Abstentionist)
European Parliament
1 / 13
Local government in the Republic of Ireland
81 / 949
Local government in Northern Ireland[3]
105 / 462
الموقع
{{URL|example.com|optional display text}}

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

تاريخ الزعامة

 
ماري لو مكدونالد، رئيسة الشين فين
الاسم المدة ملاحظات
إدوارد مارتن 1905–1908
John Sweetman 1908–1911
Arthur Griffith 1911–1917
Éamon de Valera 1917–1926 Resigned from Sinn Féin and formed Fianna Fáil in 1926
John J. O'Kelly (Sceilg) 1926–1931
Brian O'Higgins 1931–1933
Fr. Michael O'Flanagan 1933–1935
Cathal Ó Murchadha 1935–1937
Margaret Buckley 1937–1950 Party's first woman president.
Paddy McLogan 1950–1952
Tomás Ó Dubhghaill 1952–1954
Paddy McLogan 1954–1962
Tomás Mac Giolla 1962–1970 From 1970 was president of Official Sinn Féin, renamed The Workers' Party in 1982.
Ruairí Ó Brádaigh 1970–1983 Left Sinn Féin and formed Republican Sinn Féin in 1986.
Gerry Adams, Teachta Dála 1983–2018 Longest-served president in the party's history and TD for Louth (Dáil constituency) from 2011 to 2020.
ماري لو مكدونالد، Teachta Dála 2018–present Current party president and TD for Dublin Central (Dáil constituency) since 2011.


الوزراء والناطقون

مجلس أيرلندا الشمالية

See also: Executive of the 5th Northern Ireland Assembly, Northern Ireland Assembly, Members of the 5th Northern Ireland Assembly
Portfolio Name
Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland Michelle O'Neill

Dáil Éireann

See also: Front Bench, Dáil Éireann, Members of the 31st Dáil
Portfolio Name
Leader of Sinn Féin
Public Expenditure and Reform

Leader of Sinn Féin in Dáil Éireann
Mary Lou McDonald
Deputy Leader of Sinn Féin in Dáil Éireann
Finance
Pearse Doherty
Social Protection and Party whip Aengus Ó Snodaigh
Health and Children Louise O'Reilly
Foreign Affairs and Trade Seán Crowe
Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation and Gaeltacht Affairs Vacant
Justice, Equality and Defence Pádraig Mac Lochlainn
Communications, Energy and Natural Resources Michael Colreavy
Education and Skills Vacant
Environment, Community and Local Government Brian Stanley
Agriculture, Food and the Marine Martin Ferris
Transport and Housing Dessie Ellis
Arts, Heritage, Transport and Sport Sandra McLellan

Seanad Éireann

Portfolio Name
Seanad Group Leader
Rural Ireland
Rose Conway-Walsh
Seanad Whip
Workers' Rights and Collective Bargaining
Paul Gavan
An Gaeilge and the Diaspora
Housing
Regional Development, Rural Affairs, Arts and the Gaeltacht
Trevor Ó Clochartaigh
Health and Wellbeing Máire Devine
Jobs and the Economy Pádraig Mac Lochlainn
North/South Integration Niall Ó Donnghaile
Youth, Arts and LGBT Rights Fintan Warfield

نتائج الانتخابات العامة

أيرلندا الشمالية

Devolved legislature elections

Election Body Seats won ± Position First preference votes % Government Leader
1921 House of Commons
6 / 52
6 2nd 104,917 20.5% Abstention Éamon de Valera
1982 Assembly
5 / 78
5 5th 64,191 10.1% Abstention Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
1996 Forum
17 / 110
17 4th 116,377 15.5% Abstention Gerry Adams
1998 Assembly
18 / 108
18 4th 142,858 17.7% Power-sharing (UUP-SDLP-DUP-SF)
2003
24 / 108
6 3rd 162,758 23.5% Direct Rule
2007
28 / 108
4 2nd 180,573 26.2% Power-sharing (DUP-SF-SDLP-UUP-AP)
2011
29 / 108
1 2nd 178,224 26.3% Power-sharing (DUP-SF-UUP-SDLP-AP)
2016
28 / 108
 1 2nd 166,785 24.0% Power-sharing (DUP-SF-Ind.)
2017
27 / 90
 1 2nd 224,245 27.9% Power-sharing (DUP-SF-UUP-SDLP-AP)

Westminster elections

Election Seats (in NI) ± Position Total votes % (of NI) % (of UK) Government Leader
1924
0 / 13
None 34,181 0.2% No seats Éamon de Valera
1950
0 / 12
None 23,362 0.1% No seats Margaret Buckley
1955
2 / 12
2 4th 152,310 0.6% Abstention Paddy McLogan
1959
0 / 12
 2 None 63,415 0.2% No seats Paddy McLogan
1983
1 / 17
1 8th 102,701 13.4% 0.3% Abstention Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
1987
1 / 17
6th 83,389 11.4% 0.3% Abstention Gerry Adams
1992
0 / 17
 1 None 78,291 10.0% 0.2% No seats
1997
2 / 18
2 8th 126,921 16.1% 0.4% Abstention
2001
4 / 18
2 6th 175,933 21.7% 0.7% Abstention
2005
5 / 18
1 6th 174,530 24.3% 0.6% Abstention
2010
5 / 18
6th 171,942 25.5% 0.6% Abstention
2015
4 / 18
  1 6th 176,232 24.5% 0.6% Abstention
2017
7 / 18
3 6th 238,915 29.4% 0.7% Abstention
2019
7 / 18
6th 181,853 22.8% 0.6% Abstention Mary Lou McDonald


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dáil Éireann elections

Election Seats won ± Position First pref. votes % Government Leader
1918
(Westminster)
73 / 105
73 1st 476,087 46.9% Declaration of Irish Republic Éamon de Valera
1921
(HoC Southern Ireland)
124 / 128
(elected unopposed)
51 1st
1922
58 / 128

(Pro-Treaty)
N/A 1st 239,195 38.5% Minority Gov't Michael Collins
(Pro-Treaty)
36 / 128

(Anti-Treaty)
N/A  2nd 135,310 21.8% Abstention Éamon de Valera
(Anti-Treaty)
1923
44 / 153
8 2nd 288,794 27.4% Abstention Éamon de Valera
June 1927
5 / 153
 39  6th 41,401 3.6% Abstention John J. O'Kelly
1954
0 / 147
None 1,990 0.1% No seats Tomás Ó Dubhghaill
1957
4 / 147
4 4th 65,640 5.3% Abstention Paddy McLogan
1961
0 / 144
 4 None 36,396 3.1% No seats
February 1982
0 / 166
None 16,894 1.0% No seats Ruairí Ó Brádaigh
1987
0 / 166
None 32,933 1.9% No seats Gerry Adams
1989
0 / 166
None 20,003 1.2% No seats
1992
0 / 166
None 27,809 1.6% No seats
1997
1 / 166
1 6th 45,614 2.5% Opposition
2002
5 / 166
4 6th 121,020 6.5% Opposition
2007
4 / 166
 1 5th 143,410 6.9% Opposition
2011
14 / 166
10 4th 220,661 9.9% Opposition
2016
23 / 158
9 3rd 295,319 13.8% Opposition
2020
37 / 160
15 2nd 535,595 24.5% TBC Mary Lou McDonald

انتخابات الحكم المحلي

Election Country First preference vote Vote % Seats
1920 Ireland 27.0%
1974 Republic of Ireland
7 / 802
1979 Republic of Ireland
11 / 798
1985 Northern Ireland 75,686 11.8%
59 / 565
1985 Republic of Ireland 46,391 3.3%
1989 Northern Ireland 69,032 11.2%
43 / 565
1991 Republic of Ireland 29,054 2.1%
8 / 883
1993 Northern Ireland 77,600 12.0%
51 / 582
1997 Northern Ireland 106,934 17.0%
74 / 575
1999 Republic of Ireland 49,192 3.5%
21 / 883
2001 Northern Ireland 163,269 21.0%
108 / 582
2004 Republic of Ireland 146,391 8.0%
54 / 883
2005 Northern Ireland 163,205 23.2%
126 / 582
2009 Republic of Ireland 138,405 7.4%
54 / 883
2011 Northern Ireland 163,712 24.8%
138 / 583
2014 Northern Ireland 151,137 24.1%
105 / 462
2014 Republic of Ireland 258,650 15.2%
159 / 949
2019 Northern Ireland 157,448 23.2%
105 / 462
2019 Republic of Ireland 164,637 9.5%
81 / 949

Sinn Féin is represented on most county and city councils. It made large gains in the local elections of 2004, increasing its number of councillors from 21 to 54, and replacing the Progressive Democrats as the fourth-largest party in local government.[6] At the local elections of June 2009, the party's vote fell by 0.95% to 7.34%, with no change in the number of seats. Losses in Dublin and urban areas were balanced by gains in areas such as Limerick, Wicklow, Cork, Tipperary and Kilkenny and the border counties .[7] However, three of Sinn Féin's seven representatives on Dublin City Council resigned within six months of the June 2009 elections, one of them defecting to the Labour Party.[8]


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الانتخابات الأوروپية

الانتخابات البلد أصوات الاختيار الأول % الأصوات المقاعد
1984 Northern Ireland 91,476 13.3%
0 / 3
Republic of Ireland 54,672 4.9%
0 / 15
1989 Northern Ireland 48,914 9.0%
0 / 3
Republic of Ireland 35,923 2.2%
0 / 15
1994 Northern Ireland 55,215 9.9%
0 / 3
Republic of Ireland 33,823 3.0%
0 / 15
1999 Northern Ireland 117,643 17.3%
0 / 3
Republic of Ireland 88,165 6.3%
0 / 15
2004 Northern Ireland 144,541 26.3%
1 / 3
Republic of Ireland 197,715 11.1%
1 / 13
2009 Northern Ireland 126,184 25.8%
1 / 3
Republic of Ireland 205,613 11.2%
0 / 12
2014 Northern Ireland 159,813 25.5%
1 / 3
Republic of Ireland 323,300 19.5%
3 / 11
2019 Northern Ireland 126,951 22.17%
1 / 3
Republic of Ireland 196,001 11.7%
1 / 11

In the 2004 European Parliament election, Bairbre de Brún won Sinn Féin's first seat in the European Parliament, at the expense of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). She came in second behind Jim Allister, then of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP).[9] In the 2009 election, de Brún was re-elected with 126,184 first preference votes, the only candidate to reach the quota on the first count. This was the first time since elections began in 1979 that the DUP failed to take the first seat, and was the first occasion Sinn Féin topped a poll in any Northern Ireland election.[10][11]

Sinn Féin made a breakthrough in the Dublin constituency in 2004. The party's candidate, Mary Lou McDonald, was elected on the sixth count as one of four MEPs for Dublin, effectively taking the seat of Patricia McKenna of the Green Party.[12] In the 2009 election, when Dublin's representation was reduced to three MEPs, she failed to hold her seat.[13] In the South constituency their candidate, Councillor Toiréasa Ferris, managed to nearly double the number of first preference votes,[13] lying third after the first count, but failed to get enough transfers to win a seat. In the 2014 election, Martina Anderson topped the poll in Northern Ireland, as did Lynn Boylan in Dublin. Liadh Ní Riada was elected in the South constituency, and Matt Carthy in Midlands–North-West.[14] In the 2019 election, Carthy was re-elected, but Boylan and Ní Riada lost their seats. Anderson also held her Northern Ireland seat until early 2020 when her term was cut short by Brexit.[15]

انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ "Irish PM's pro-EU party ahead in European vote, polls suggest". France 24. 25 May 2019. Archived from the original on 24 October 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  2. ^ Houeix, Romain (26 February 2018). "Irish reunification 'on the table', says Sinn Fein's new leader amid Brexit talks". France 24. AFP. Archived from the original on 29 March 2018. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Local Council Political Compositions". Open Council Date UK. 7 January 2018. Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  4. ^ قالب:Cite Oxford Dictionaries
  5. ^ Dinneen, Patrick (1992) [1927]. Irish-English Dictionary. Dublin: Irish Texts Society. ISBN 1-870166-00-0.
  6. ^ Christopher Took and Seán Donnelly. "2004 Local Election: Seats per Party per Council". ElectionsIreland.org. Archived from the original on 24 June 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2009.
  7. ^ "Elections 2009: How Ireland Voted". Irish Times. 9 June 2009.
  8. ^ "Defecting councillor says SF has become directionless in South". Irish Times. 12 January 2010. Archived from the original on 23 November 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2010.
  9. ^ "The 2004 European Election". Archived from the original on 4 April 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  10. ^ "Sinn Fein tops poll in Euro count". BBC News. 8 June 2009. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  11. ^ "History made – Sinn Féin is now the largest party in the Six Counties". Sinnfein.ie. Archived from the original on 13 January 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  12. ^ "European Election: June 2004 – Dublin". Electionsireland.org. Archived from the original on 5 May 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
  13. ^ أ ب "2009 Euro – South First Preference Votes". ElectionsIreland.org. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
  14. ^ Full recheck in Midlands-North-West constituency Archived 27 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine., RTÉ, 28 May 2014.
  15. ^ 2019 European election results for Ireland Archived 9 June 2019 at the Wayback Machine., RTÉ, June 2019.

المراجع

  • Mícheál MacDonncha, ed. (2005). Sinn Féin: A Century of Struggle (in Irish and English). Dublin: Sinn Féin. ISBN 978-0-9542946-2-5.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  • Michael Laffan, The Resurrection of Ireland: The Sinn Féin Party 1916–1923 (Cambridge, 1999)
  • The Secret Army: The IRA, J Bowyer Bell, Poolbeg Press Ltd. Ireland 1997 (revised Third Edition), ISBN 978-1-85371-813-7.
  • Sinn Féin: A Hundred Turbulent Years, Brian Feeney, O'Brien Press, Dublin 2002, ISBN 978-1-85371-813-7.
  • The I.R.A., Tim Pat Coogan, HarperCollins Publishers London 2000, ISBN 978-0-00-653155-5
  • Northern Ireland: A Chronology of the Troubles 1968–1993, Paul Bew & Gordon Gillespie, Gill & Macmillan, Dublin 1993, ISBN 978-0-7171-2081-9
  • The Transformation of Ireland 1900–2000, Diarmaid Ferriter, Profile Books, London 2005, ISBN 978-1-86197-443-3
  • Ireland: A History, Robert Kee, Abacus, London (Revised Edition 2005), ISBN 978-0-349-11676-1
  • Eyewitness to Irish History, Peter Berresford Ellis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Canada 2004, ISBN 978-0-471-26633-4
  • Joe Cahill: A Life in the IRA, Brendan Anderson, O'Brien Press, Dublin 2002, ISBN 978-0-86278-674-8
  • Taylor, Peter (1997). Provos The IRA & Sinn Féin. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7475-3818-9.
  • The Transformation of Ireland 1900–2000, Diarmaid Ferriter, Profile Books, London 2005, ISBN 978-1-86197-443-3.

للاستزادة

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Sinn Féin