سيليفكه

(تم التحويل من Silifke)

سيليفكه (Silifke ؛ باليونانية: Σελεύκεια؛ Seleukeia؛ باللاتينية: Seleucia ad Calycadnum) هي بلدة وقضاء في جنوب-وسط محافظة مرسين، تركيا، على بعد 80 كم غرب مدينة مرسين، على الطرف الغربي لـ Çukurova.

سيليفكه

Silifke
Göksu river in Silifke
Göksu river in Silifke
سيليفكه is located in تركيا
سيليفكه
سيليفكه
الإحداثيات: 36°22′34″N 33°55′56″E / 36.37611°N 33.93222°E / 36.37611; 33.93222Coordinates: 36°22′34″N 33°55′56″E / 36.37611°N 33.93222°E / 36.37611; 33.93222
البلد تركيا
المحافظةمرسين
الحكومة
 • العمدةمصطفى تورگوت (CHP)
 • قائمقامفاتح دماتلار
المساحة
 • District2٬571٫84 كم² (992٫99 ميل²)
التعداد
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
55٬501
 • District
114٬238
 • كثافة District44/km2 (120/sq mi)
الموقع الإلكترونيwww.silifke-bld.gov.tr

Silifke is near the Mediterranean coast, on the banks of the Göksu River, which flows from the nearby Taurus Mountains, surrounded by attractive countryside along the river banks.

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أصل الاسم

Silifke was formerly called Seleucia on the Calycadnus — variously cited over the centuries as Seleucia [in] Cilicia, Seleucia [in,of] Isauria, Seleucia Trachea, and Seleucia Tracheotis —. The city took its name from its founder, King Seleucus I Nicator.[3] The ancient city of Olba (تركية: Oura) was also within the boundaries of modern-day Silifke. The modern name derives from the Latin Seleucia which comes from the Greek Σελεύκεια.


التاريخ

القدم

Located a few miles from the mouth of the Göksu River, Seleucia was founded by Seleucus I Nicator in the early 3rd century BCE, one of several cities he named after himself. It is probable that there were already towns called Olbia (or Olba) and Hyria and that Seleucus I merely united them giving them his name. The city grew to include the nearby settlement of Holmi (in modern-day Taşucu) which had been established earlier as an Ionian colony but being on the coast was vulnerable to raiders and pirates.[4] The new city up river was doubtless seen as safer against attacks from the sea so Seleucia achieved considerable commercial prosperity as a port for this corner of Cilicia (later named Isauria), and was even a rival of Tarsus.[3]

المسيحية

 
Lead seal of Paul, Metropolitan of Seleucia (8th/9th century)

المناخ

Silifke has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) with hot and dry summers and mild and wet winters.

بيانات مناخ سيليفكه
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 14
(57)
15
(59)
18
(64)
23
(73)
26
(79)
30
(86)
32
(90)
33
(91)
31
(88)
27
(81)
23
(73)
16
(61)
24
(75٫2)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 6
(43)
7
(45)
8
(46)
12
(54)
15
(59)
19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
20
(68)
16
(61)
13
(55)
8
(46)
13٫9
(57٫1)
هطول mm (inches) 170
(6.69)
70
(2.76)
50
(1.97)
60
(2.36)
30
(1.18)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
70
(2.76)
170
(6.69)
630
(24٫8)
Humidity 62 65 62 62 67 65 67 66 58 55 61 65 62٫9
Avg. rainy days 9 5 4 4 2 0 0 0 0 1 4 9 38
Source: Weatherbase[5]

التقسيم الاداري

البلدات

Villages

المعالم

  • The caves of "Heaven and Hell" ('Cennet ve Cehennem'), which have collapsed in two places revealing deep holes in the ground.
  • Narlıkuyu is an attractive village, where people from Mersin come to eat fish and enjoy the seaside.
  • The town of Silifke has many well preserved ancient ruins including:
    • The prominent remains of the castle high on a rock above the town,
    • The city walls,
    • A large water tank (Tekir ambarı) cut into the rock,
    • An extensive necropolis of rock-cut tombs with inscriptions.


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الحياة والثقافة

The Turkmen community of Silifke has a strong tradition of folk music and dance including songs such as The Yogurt of Silifke (where the dancers imitate the actions of making yogurt) and another one where they wave wooden spoons about as they dance.

The cuisine includes breakfast of leaves of unleavened bread (bazlama) with a dry sour cottage cheese (çökelek) or fried meats. Many other dishes feature bulgur wheat. The annual Silifke Yoghurt Festival takes place in May.

انظر أيضاً

المراجع

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ أ ب   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Seleucia" . دائرة المعارف البريطانية. 24 (eleventh ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 603. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help); More than one of |encyclopedia= and |encyclopedia= specified (help)
  4. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium; Strabo, XIV, 670)
  5. ^ http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weatherall.php3?s=3371&refer=&units=metric&cityname=Silifke-Turkey

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Mersin Province