افتح القائمة الرئيسية

پاتنا

پاتنا

पटना

Patna ؛ पाटलीपुत्र (Pataliputra)
Anticlockwise from top: South-West Gandhi Maidan Marg, Stupa of Buddha Smriti Park, Skyline near Biscomaun Bhawan, Patna Museum, Statue of Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhi Maidan, Mithapur Flyover and river Ganges
Anticlockwise from top: South-West Gandhi Maidan Marg, Stupa of Buddha Smriti Park, Skyline near Biscomaun Bhawan, Patna Museum, Statue of Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhi Maidan, Mithapur Flyover and river Ganges
پاتنا is located in بيهار
پاتنا
پاتنا
موقع پاتنا في بيهار
الإحداثيات: 25°36′N 85°06′E / 25.6°N 85.1°E / 25.6; 85.1
البلد الهند
الولايةبيهار
المنطقةMagadha
Divisionپاتنا
Districtپاتنا
Ward72 wards
أسسهاAjatashatru
الحكم
 • النوعMayor–Council
 • الهيئةPatna Municipal Corporation
 • العمدةأفضل إمام
 • Municipal commissionerJai Singh
المساحة(2001) [A 1]
 • الحضر135٫79 كم² (52٫43 ميل²)
 • العمران234٫70 كم² (90٫62 ميل²)
 • City99٫45 كم² (38٫40 ميل²)
الارتفاع[4]53 m (174 ft)
التعداد(2011)[5]
 • الكثافة16٬925/km2 (43٬840/sq mi)
 • الحضر2٬046٬652 (IN: 18th)
 • العمرانية2٬231٬554 [A 1]
 • المدينة1٬683٬200 (IN: 19th)
صفة المواطنPatnaite
Languages
 • لغة الحديثHindi, الإنگليزية, Magadhi[6]
منطقة التوقيتIST (التوقيت العالمي المنسق+5:30)
Pincode(s)800 XXX
Area code(s)+91-612
ISO 3166 codeIN-BR-PA
تسجيل السيارةBR 01
UN/LOCODEIN PAT
Sex ratio1.13[5] /
Literacy84.71%
Lok Sabha constituenciesPatna Sahib and Pataliputra
Vidhan Sabha constituenciesDigha (181), Bankipur (182), Kumhrar (183), Patna Sahib (184), Fatuha (185), Danapur (186), Maner (187), Phulwari-SC (188)
Planning agencyBihar Urban Infrastructure Development Corporation
المناخCwa (Köppen)
هطول الأمطار1100 مم
Avg. annual temperature26 °م (79 °ف)
Avg. summer temperature30 °م (86 °ف)
Avg. winter temperature17 °م (63 °ف)
الموقع الإلكترونيpatnanagarnigam.in
patna.bih.nic.in
  1. ^ أ ب The metropolis comprises PRDA area,[1] also includes Hajipur and Sonepur[أ]
Example.of.complex.text.rendering.svg
هذه المقالة تحتوي على Indic text. بدون دعم العرض المناصب، فقد ترى question marks or boxes, misplaced vowels or missing conjuncts بدلاً من Indic text.

Patna /ˈpʌtn/ is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India. Patna is the second largest city in eastern India after Kolkata. It had an estimated population of 1.68 million in 2011, making it the 19th largest city in India. With over 2 million people, its urban agglomeration is the 18th largest in India. Patna also serves as the seat of Patna High Court.

One of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world.[7] Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta and Pala empires. Pataliputra was a seat of learning and fine arts. Its population during the Maurya period (around 300 BCE) was about 400,000.[8]

The modern city of Patna is situated on the southern bank of river Ganges.[9] The city also straddles the rivers Sone, Gandak and Punpun. The city is approximately 35 kiloمترs (115,000 قدم) in length and 16 to 18 kiloمترs (52,000 to 59,000 قدم) wide. In June 2009, the World Bank ranked Patna second in India (after Delhi) for ease of starting a business.[10] As of 2011-12, Patna had the highest per capita gross district domestic product in Bihar, at 63,063.[11][12] Using figures for assumed average annual growth, Patna is the 21st fastest growing city in the world and 5th fastest growing city in India according to a study by the City Mayors' Foundation. Patna registered an average annual growth of 3.72% during 2006-2010.[13]

The Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain pilgrimage centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya, and Pawapuri are nearby and Patna City is also a sacred city for Sikhs as the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, was born here.[14]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

فهرست

التاريخ

الامبراطورية الماورية

 
Statue of Matrikas found near Agam Kuan built by Ashoka


امبراطوريتا گوپتا والمغل

 
Main street of Patna, showing one side of the Chowk, 1814-15.
 
City of Patna, on the River Ganges, 19th-century painting.
 
Golghar at Bankipore, near Patna, 1814-15.
 
Sir Charles D'Oyly (1781 - 1845) (British, active in India)

الامبراطورية البريطانية

 
Sir Charles D'Oyly (1781 - 1845) (British, archive in India)

حركة الاستقلال الهندية

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الجغرافيا

الطبوغرافيا

 
خريطة منطقة پاتنا
التجمع العمراني لـپاتنا
الدائرة التعداد
البلدة النوع تقدير
(2011)
پاتنا' Municipal Corportation 1,684,222
Dinapur Nizamat Nagar Parishad 182,429
Badalpura Out Growth 75
Dinapur Cantonment Cantonment Board 28,723
Khagaul Nagar Parishad 44,364
Nohsa Census Town 16,680
Pataliputra Housing Colony Census Town 3,531
Phulwari Sharif Nagar Parishad 81,740
Saidpura Census Town 7,392
Patna UA 2,049,156
Patna district 5,838,465
Source:[15][16]

المناخ

Patna
جدول طقس (التفسير)
يفمأمييأسأند
 
 
20
 
23
9
 
 
12
 
26
12
 
 
11
 
33
17
 
 
9.6
 
37
22
 
 
37
 
38
25
 
 
150
 
37
27
 
 
314
 
33
26
 
 
273
 
33
26
 
 
205
 
32
25
 
 
71
 
32
22
 
 
7.5
 
29
15
 
 
6.7
 
25
10
متوسطات درجات الحرارة القصوى والدنيا - °س
إجمالي الهطل - مم
المصدر: worldweather[17] wetterkontor.de[18]
بيانات مناخ Patna
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 30.0
(86)
35.1
(95.2)
41.4
(106.5)
44.6
(112.3)
45.6
(114.1)
46.6
(115.9)
41.2
(106.2)
39.7
(103.5)
37.5
(99.5)
37.2
(99)
34.1
(93.4)
30.5
(86.9)
46٫6
(115٫9)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 23
(73)
26.1
(79)
32.4
(90.3)
37.4
(99.3)
38.4
(101.1)
36.7
(98.1)
32.9
(91.2)
32.5
(90.5)
32.2
(90)
31.7
(89.1)
28.9
(84)
24.6
(76.3)
31٫4
(88٫5)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) 16.2
(61.2)
18.9
(66)
24.4
(75.9)
29.8
(85.6)
31.8
(89.2)
31.7
(89.1)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
28.8
(83.8)
26.7
(80.1)
21.9
(71.4)
19.7
(67.5)
25٫3
(77٫5)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 9.3
(48.7)
11.6
(52.9)
16.4
(61.5)
22.1
(71.8)
25.1
(77.2)
26.7
(80.1)
26.1
(79)
26.1
(79)
25.3
(77.5)
21.6
(70.9)
14.8
(58.6)
10.1
(50.2)
19٫6
(67٫28)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) 1.1
(34)
3.4
(38.1)
8.2
(46.8)
13.3
(55.9)
17.7
(63.9)
19.3
(66.7)
21.1
(70)
20.5
(68.9)
19.0
(66.2)
12.0
(53.6)
7.7
(45.9)
2.2
(36)
1٫1
هطول mm (inches) 15.2
(0.598)
11.1
(0.437)
11.4
(0.449)
9
(0.35)
35.6
(1.402)
133.5
(5.256)
302.4
(11.906)
266.3
(10.484)
194.7
(7.665)
24.6
(0.969)
8.2
(0.323)
7.4
(0.291)
1٬019٫4
(40٫134)
سقوط الأمطار mm (inches) 12.2
(0.48)
14.1
(0.555)
09.4
(0.37)
10.8
(0.425)
38.1
(1.5)
142.5
(5.61)
381.0
(15)
281.6
(11.087)
229.3
(9.028)
78.6
(3.094)
8.7
(0.343)
7.0
(0.276)
1٬213٫3
(47٫768)
Avg. rainy days 1.3 1.2 0.7 1.0 2.7 6.5 14.9 12.8 10.2 3.3 0.6 0.7 55٫9
Source #1: India Meteorological Department (Period 1901–2000, record high and low up to 2010)[19][20] (rainfall 1971-2000[21]
Source #2: worldweather.org[22]


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

الاقتصاد

 
State Bank of India- Patna Regional office at East Gandhi Maidan Marg

السكان

السنةتعداد±%
1807-14312٬000—    
1820100٬000−67.9%
1865284٬100+184.1%
1872158٬000−44.4%
1881170٬684+8.0%
1891165٬200−3.2%
1901134٬785−18.4%
1911136٬153+1.0%
1921119٬976−11.9%
1931159٬690+33.1%
1941196٬415+23.0%
1951283٬479+44.3%
1961364٬594+28.6%
1971475٬300+30.4%
1981813٬963+71.3%
19911٬099٬647+35.1%
20011٬376٬950+25.2%
20111٬683٬200+22.2%
ملاحظة: Huge population decline after 1814 due to the decrease
in the river borne trade, persistent unhealthiness and repeated
epidemics of plaque.
المصدر: [23][24][25]
 
Maurya Lok is one of the oldest and major shopping area of the city
 
Mahavir Mandir, most famous temple in Patna
الديانات في پاتنا (2011)[26]
الديانة النسبة
الهندوسية
  
86.39%
الإسلام
  
12.27%
المسيحية
  
0.51%
السيخية
  
0.23%
الجاينية
  
0.09%
غيرهم
  
0.52%


النقل

Chiriyatand Flyover at Patna, one of the many new ones that have come up in the city recently.
Radio Taxis
Mahatma Gandhi Setu connecting Patna with North Bihar.
ميناء نهري على الطريق المائي الداخلي الوطني رقم 1 في گاي غات

السياحة

 
Golghar. Golghar was originally a built to serve as a granery لجيش شركة الهند الشرقية البريطانية أثناء مجاعة 1786, is a great observation deck to view the Ganges ] and the city.
 
تخت سري هرمندار صاحب، پاتنا صاحب


ملاحظات

  1. ^ Master plan for Patna (2031), awaits Cabinet's approval.[2] The draft master plan for Patna metropolitan area proposes that Patna Metropolitan Region would incorporate Bihta, Danapur, Khagaul, Daniyawan, Danaura, Fatuha, Khusrupur, Maner, Masaurhi, Naubatpur, Phulwari Sharif, Punpun and Sampatchak blocks of Patna district, areas of Vaishali and Saran districts are excluded.[3]

الهامش

  1. ^ "CDP Patna" (PDF). Infrastructure Professionals Enterprise (P) Ltd, C - 2, Green Park Extension, New Delhi – 110016, INDIA. PATNA — Urban Development Department. July 2006. pp. 20, 21 (area) 52 (metropolis), 31 (geography). Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Home still a dream sans nod to map in Patna". Economics Times. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Master Plan for Patna, 2031" (PDF). Center for Environmental Planning and Technology. Urban Development & Housing Department, Govt. of Bihar. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  4. ^ "CPRS Patna About Us". CRPS. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  5. ^ أ ب "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lac and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  6. ^ "About District". Patna.bih.nic.in. 2004-01-01. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  7. ^ "Populations of Largest Cities in PMNs from 2000BC to 1988AD". Archived from the original on 22 August 2008.
  8. ^ O'Malley, L. S. S. (2005). James, J. F. W. (ed.). History of Magadha. Delhi: Veena Publication. p. 23. ISBN 978-81-89224-01-1. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  9. ^ "Patna : the capital of Bihar State, Patna District". Brandbharat.com. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  10. ^ "New Delhi, Patna best cities to start business: World Bank". The Times of India. The Times of India. PTI. 30 June 2009. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
  11. ^ "आर्थिक सर्वेक्षण: पटना के लोगों की कमाई में 9 प्रतिशत का इजाफा". Dainik Bhaskar. 12 March 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Patna dist records highest per capita GDDP in state — The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2014-01-21. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
  13. ^ "Fastest growing cities and urban areas (1 to 100)". Citymayors.com. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  14. ^ "Gurdwara-gears-up-for-Guru's-jayanti,Kumod Verma, TNN, 30 December 2001". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 30 December 2001. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  15. ^ "Patna Urban Region". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  16. ^ "Patna District : Census 2011 data". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  17. ^ India Meteorological Department 8 May 2015
  18. ^ wetterkontor.de 8 May 2015
  19. ^ "Monthly mean maximum & minimum temperature and total rainfall based upon 1901-2000 data:" (PDF). imd.gov.in. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  20. ^ "Extremes for Delhi" (PDF). Indian Meteorological Department. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
  21. ^ "CLIMATOLOGICAL TABLE PERIOD: 1971-2000". imd.gov.in. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  22. ^ "Climatological Information for Patna". World Weather. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  23. ^ Television and Development of Women By Preeti Kumari Google Book
  24. ^ "India-historical demographical data of the urban centers". populstat. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  25. ^ "Census of India 2001 (Provisional) Slum Population in Million Plus Cities (Municipal Corporations): Part A". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
  26. ^ خطأ استشهاد: وسم <ref> غير صحيح؛ لا نص تم توفيره للمراجع المسماة census2011

للاستزادة

وصلات خارجية