وشقة

وَشْقَة (بالاسپانية: Huesca؛ النطق الإسپاني: [ˈweska]؛ بالأراگونية: Uesca) هي مدينة في شمال شرق إسبانيا عاصمة مقاطعة وشقة التي تقع في منطقة أراگون.

Huesca

Uesca
The city of Huesca as seen from the cathedral
The city of Huesca as seen from the cathedral
علم Huesca
Flag
درع Huesca
Coat of arms
الشعار: 
Gate of the Pyrenees
Huesca is located in اسبانيا
Huesca
Huesca
Location in Spain
الإحداثيات: 42°8′N 0°25′W / 42.133°N 0.417°W / 42.133; -0.417
Country إسپانيا
Autonomous community أراگون
ProvinceHuesca
ComarcaHoya de Huesca
Judicial districtHuesca
Founded byIberians
الحكومة
 • النوعMayor-council
 • الكيانAyuntamiento de Huesca
 • العمدةLuis Eliseo Felipe (2015) (PSOE)
المساحة
 • الإجمالي161٫0 كم² (62٫2 ميل²)
المنسوب
488 m (1٬601 ft)
التعداد
 (2010)
 • الإجمالي52٬347
 • الكثافة330/km2 (840/sq mi)
صفة المواطنOscense
منطقة التوقيتUTC+1 (CET)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
22001 - 22006
Dialing code974
Patron SaintsSaint Lawrence
Saint Vincent
الموقع الإلكترونيOfficial website

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التاريخ


المعالم

 
كاتدرائية وشقة.


المناخ

بيانات مناخ وشقة
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى القياسية °س (°ف) 20.3
(68.5)
21.0
(69.8)
26.2
(79.2)
31.0
(87.8)
34.2
(93.6)
39.2
(102.6)
42.6
(108.7)
41.4
(106.5)
39.2
(102.6)
30.6
(87.1)
24.8
(76.6)
19.6
(67.3)
42٫6
(108٫7)
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 8.5
(47.3)
11.5
(52.7)
15
(59)
17.2
(63)
21.2
(70.2)
26.5
(79.7)
30.8
(87.4)
30.2
(86.4)
25.5
(77.9)
19.1
(66.4)
12.9
(55.2)
9.1
(48.4)
19٫0
(66٫2)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) 4.9
(40.8)
7.0
(44.6)
9.6
(49.3)
11.4
(52.5)
15.3
(59.5)
19.7
(67.5)
23.4
(74.1)
23.3
(73.9)
19.5
(67.1)
14.3
(57.7)
8.9
(48)
5.6
(42.1)
13٫6
(56٫5)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 1.3
(34.3)
2.5
(36.5)
4.2
(39.6)
5.7
(42.3)
9.3
(48.7)
12.9
(55.2)
16.1
(61)
16.3
(61.3)
13.5
(56.3)
9.5
(49.1)
4.9
(40.8)
2.1
(35.8)
8٫2
(46٫8)
الصغرى القياسية °س (°ف) -12.6
(9.3)
-13.2
(8.2)
-8.6
(16.5)
-3.0
(26.6)
-1.5
(29.3)
3.6
(38.5)
4.5
(40.1)
7.0
(44.6)
4.2
(39.6)
-0.4
(31.3)
-8.2
(17.2)
-10.8
(12.6)
−13٫2
(8٫2)
هطول mm (inches) 39
(1.54)
32
(1.26)
34
(1.34)
53
(2.09)
62
(2.44)
47
(1.85)
20
(0.79)
38
(1.5)
54
(2.13)
54
(2.13)
50
(1.97)
51
(2.01)
535
(21٫06)
Humidity 78 70 60 59 58 53 48 50 57 67 76 81 63
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 6 5 4 6 8 5 3 4 4 6 5 5 62
Avg. snowy days 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4
Sunshine hours 131 169 220 245 265 298 339 310 241 197 144 113 2٬682
Source: AEMET[1]

أشهر أبنائها

  • عمروس بن يوسف (Huesca, 760- 808/9 or 813/4 Talavera de la Reina or Zaragoza)، قائد عسكري في إمارة قرطبة وحاكم سرقسطة
  • پطرس ألفونسي (Born at an unknown date in the 11th century في وشقة، وتوفي 1140?)، كان طبيباً اسبانياً يهودياً ، وكاتباً وفلكياً، وقد تنصر.
  • Petronilla of Aragon (Huesca, 1136 – 15 October 1173), Queen of Aragon from the abdication of her father in 1137 until her own abdication in 1164.
  • Alfonso II of Aragon (Huesca, March 1157 – 25 April 1196), was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1164 until his death.
  • Peter II of Aragon (Huesca, July 1178 – 12 September 1213) was the King of Aragon (as Pedro II) and Count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213.
  • Vincencio Juan de Lastanosa (Huesca, 1607 - 1681), collector, scholar, Spanish cultural promoter and patron.
  • Valentín Carderera (Huesca, 1796 - Madrid, 1880), promoter of the arts, writer and academic art painter.
  • Lucas Mallada y Pueyo (Huesca, 1841 - Madrid 1921), mining engineer, paleontologist and writer, belonging to Regenerationism movement.
  • Fidel Pagés (Huesca, January 26, 1886 - September 21, 1923 Madrid), Spanish military surgeon, known for developing the technique of epidural anesthesia.
  • Ramón Acín Aquilué (1888, Huesca, Aragon, Spain – 1936), anarcho-syndicalist, teacher, writer and avant-garde artist murdered by fascists in the first year of the Spanish Civil War.
  • Pepín Bello (13 May 1904, Huesca – 11 January 2008) intellectual and writer. He was regarded as the last survivor of the "Generation of '27"
  • Julio Alejandro (Huesca, 1906 – 1995 Javea), was a Spanish screenwriter. He wrote for 80 films between 1951 and 1984.
  • Antonio Saura (September 22, 1930, Huesca – July 22, 1998, Cuenca) was a Spanish artist and writer, one of the major post-war painters to emerge in Spain in the fifties.
  • Carlos Saura (born 4 January 1932, Huesca) is a Spanish film director and photographer.
  • Josep Acebillo (born in Huesca, Spain, in 1946) architect.
  • Esteban Navarro (Moratalla, 1965), writer. Huesca resident since 2001.
  • Nunilo and Alodia (Huesca, A.D. 851), martyrs of Christianity. Died after refusing to deny Christ.


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إشارات شائعة

 
The Casino (Oscense Circle).

Huesca is notable for the saying "Tomorrow we'll have coffee in Huesca", a running joke among militiamen of the Spanish Civil War. In February 1937, George Orwell was stationed near the falangist-held Huesca as a member of the POUM militia. In Homage to Catalonia, Orwell writes about this running joke, originally a naïvely optimistic comment made by one of the Spanish Republican generals:

Months earlier, when Siétamo was taken, the general commanding the Government troops had said gaily: "Tomorrow we'll have coffee in Huesca." It turned out that he was mistaken. There had been bloody attacks, but the town did not fall, and [the phrase] had become a standing joke throughout the army. If I ever go back to Spain I shall make a point of having a cup of coffee in Huesca.

Orwell never did, but the Indian writer Shashi Tharoor fulfilled his wish on his behalf in 1980, and has written about the experience.[2] Huesca is also famous for the legend of the Bell of Huesca.

بلدات توأم - مدن شقيقة

فيما يلي المدن الشقيقة لوشقة:[3]

انظر أيضاً

 
الأسبوع المقدس، وشقة.
 
Tapa El Lince fom Huesca.

الهامش

  1. ^ "Valores Climatológicos Normales. Huesca / Aeropuerto".
  2. ^ tharoor.in
  3. ^ "Cities twinned with Huesca. Huesca City Hall". Huesca.es. Retrieved 2011-07-05.

للاستزادة

وصلات خارجية

الكلمات الدالة: