نورثامپتون

(تم التحويل من Northampton)

Northampton /nɔ:rθˈæmptən/ is the county town of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England. It lies on the River Nene, about 67 ميلs (108 kم) north-west of London and 50 ميلs (80 kم) south-east of Birmingham. One of the largest towns in the UK,[1] Northampton had a population of 212,100 in the 2011 census.

Northampton
From top left: Skyline of Northampton town centre from Delapre Park; All Saints' Church; Northampton Guildhall; the National Lift Tower; Delapré Abbey; Abington Park; Market Square
From top left: Skyline of Northampton town centre from Delapre Park; All Saints' Church; Northampton Guildhall; the National Lift Tower; Delapré Abbey; Abington Park; Market Square
Northampton shown within Northamptonshire
Northampton shown within Northamptonshire
Northampton is located in المملكة المتحدة
Northampton
Northampton
Location of Northampton within UK
Northampton is located in أوروپا
Northampton
Northampton
Northampton (أوروپا)
الإحداثيات: 52°13′49″N 0°53′38″W / 52.2303748°N 0.8937527°W / 52.2303748; -0.8937527Coordinates: 52°13′49″N 0°53′38″W / 52.2303748°N 0.8937527°W / 52.2303748; -0.8937527
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionEast Midlands
Ceremonial countyNorthamptonshire
Admin HQNorthampton Guildhall
Town charter1189
Incorporated1835
الحكومة
 • النوعNon-metropolitan district administered by two-tier structure of government
 • Governing bodyNorthampton Borough Council
Northamptonshire County Council
 • LeaderBorough Council
Mary Markham (Con)
County Council
Heather Smith (Con)
 • MayorChristopher Malpas (Con)
 • MPsMichael Ellis (Con)
Andrea Leadsom (Con)
Andrew Lewer (Con)
المساحة
 • الإجمالي31٫18 ميل² (80٫76 كم²)
المنسوب
180 ft (55 m)
التعداد
 (2008 تق.)
 • الإجمالي212٬500 (Ranked 73rd)
 • الكثافة6٬810/sq mi (2٬631/km2)
 • Ethnicity
84٫5% White
6٫4% South Asian
5٫1% Black
3٫2% Mixed Race
0٫3% Arab
0٫5% Other
صفة المواطنNorthamptonian
منطقة التوقيتUTC0 (GMT)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode area
مفتاح الهاتف01604
ISO 3166-2GB-NTH
ONS code34UF (ONS)
E07000154 (GSS)
NUTS 3UKF24
الموقع الإلكترونيnorthampton.gov.uk

Archaeological evidence of settlement in the area dates back to the Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods. During the Middle Ages, the town rose to national significance with the establishment of Northampton Castle, which was an occasional royal residence and regularly hosted the Parliament of England. Medieval Northampton had many churches, monasteries and the University of Northampton, which were all enclosed by the town walls. It was granted its first town charter by King Richard I in 1189 and its first mayor was appointed by King John in 1215. The town is also the site of two medieval battles; the Battle of Northampton (1264) and the second in 1460.

Northampton's royal connection languished in the modern period; the town supported Parliament (the Roundheads) in the English Civil War, which culminated in King Charles II ordering the destruction of the town walls and most of the castle. The town also suffered the Great Fire of Northampton (1675) which destroyed most of the town. It was soon rebuilt and grew rapidly with the industrial development of the 18th century. Northampton continued to grow following the creation of the Grand Union Canal and the arrival of the railways in the 19th century, becoming an industrial centre for footwear and leather manufacture.

After the World Wars, Northampton's growth was limited until it was designated as a New Town in 1968, accelerating development in the town. Northampton unsuccessfully applied for unitary status in 1996 and city status in 2000; the town continues to expand with many areas undergoing urban renewal. According to Centre for Cities data in 2015, Northampton had a population growth of 11% between the years 2004 and 2013, one of the ten highest in the UK.[2]

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Notable residents


Twin towns

Northampton is twinned with:[3]

انظر أيضاً

References

  1. ^ "Britain's 20 biggest towns". The Daily Telegraph. London. 18 August 2011.
  2. ^ Mead, Nick Van (18 January 2015). "How UK cities compare for population, jobs, new businesses and house prices" – via The Guardian.
  3. ^ Scott, Sophie (2 November 2012). "Team's celebration with German 'twin'". Northampton Hearld and Post. Retrieved 6 September 2013.

External links

قالب:Northampton قالب:Northamptonshire قالب:River Nene