وطن

الوطن homeland هو مفهوم المكان الذي تتشكل فيه هوية ثقافية أو قومية أو عرقية. The definition can also mean simply one's country of birth.[1] When used as a proper noun, the Homeland, as well as its equivalents in other languages, often has ethnic nationalist connotations. A homeland may also be referred to as a fatherland, a motherland, or a mother country, depending on the culture and language of the nationality in question.

Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix personifies the French motherland

الوطن homeland مصطلح يستخدم للإشارة إلى الأرض او المنطقة الجغرافية أو الدولة التي ينتمي إليها الفرد : و هي عادة ما تكون البلد التي ولد فيها و نشأ فيها . أحيانا عندما تستخدم هذه الكلمة بإطلاق فقد تحمل معان قومية أو عرقية أحيانا . يطلق أيضا على الوطن أسماء مثل : البلد الأم ، أرض الوطن ، و مسقط الرأس . في الأدب يكتسب الوطن أهمية خاصة حين يصبح معبرا عن عواطف الشوق للوطن و الأهل و العائلة .


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الوطن الأم

 
Bharat Mata (Mother India) statue accompanied by a lion at Yanam, India

Motherland refers to a mother country, i.e. the place in which somebody grew up or had lived for a long enough period that somebody has formed his or her own cultural identity, the place that one's ancestors lived for generations, or the place that somebody regards as home, or a Metropole in contrast to its colonies. People often refer to Mother Russia as a personification of the Russian nation. The Philippines is also considered as a motherland which is deprived from the word "Inang Bayan" which means “Motherland”. Within the British Empire, many natives in the colonies came to think of Britain as the mother country of one, large nation. India is often personified as Bharat Mata (Mother India). The French commonly refer to France as "la mère patrie";[2] Hispanic countries that were former Spanish colonies commonly referred to Spain as "la Madre Patria". Romans and the subjects of Rome saw Italy as the motherland (patria or terrarum parens) of the Roman Empire, in contrast to Roman provinces.[3][4]


الوطن الأب

 
Postcard of an Austrian and a German soldier in the First World War with the text "Shoulder to shoulder, hand in hand, for God, Emperor and Fatherland."

Fatherland is the nation of one's "fathers", "forefathers" or ancestors. The word can also mean the country of nationality, the country in which somebody grew up, the country that somebody's ancestors lived in for generations, or the country that somebody regards as home, depending on how the individual uses it.[5]


انظر أيضاً

الهامش

  1. ^ "Definition of Homeland". www.merriam-webster.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  2. ^ Pitroipa, Abdel (14 July 2010). "Ces tirailleurs sénégalais qui ont combattu pour la France". lexpress.fr (in الفرنسية). Retrieved 14 August 2019.
  3. ^ Bloomsbury Publishing (20 November 2013). Historiae Mundi: Studies in Universal History. A&C Black. p. 97. ISBN 9781472519801.
  4. ^ Anthon, Charles (1867). Eneid of Virgil.
  5. ^ "Definition of FATHERLAND". www.merriam-webster.com (in الإنجليزية). Retrieved 2019-01-08.

للاستزادة

External links