كارديتسا

Karditsa (باليونانية: Καρδίτσα [karˈðitsa]) is a city in western Thessaly in mainland Greece. The city of Karditsa is the capital of Karditsa regional unit of region of Thessaly.

Karditsa

Καρδίτσα
Street in Karditsa
Street in Karditsa
Karditsa is located in اليونان
Karditsa
Karditsa
الإحداثيات: 39°22′N 21°55′E / 39.367°N 21.917°E / 39.367; 21.917Coordinates: 39°22′N 21°55′E / 39.367°N 21.917°E / 39.367; 21.917
البلد اليونان
المنطقة الاداريةThessaly
الوحدة المحليةKarditsa
الحكومة
 • العمدةVasilios Tsiakos (New Democracy)
المساحة
 • البلدية647٫4 كم² (250�0 ميل²)
 • الوحدة البلدية110٫1 كم² (42٫5 ميل²)
المنسوب
108 m (354 ft)
التعداد
 (2011)[1]
 • البلدية
56٬747
 • كثافة البلدية88/km2 (230/sq mi)
 • الوحدة البلدية
44٬002
 • كثافة الوحدة البلدية400/km2 (1٬000/sq mi)
Community
 • التعداد39٬119 (2011)
منطقة التوقيتUTC+2 (EET)
 • الصيف (التوقيت الصيفي)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
431 00
مفتاح الهاتف24410
Vehicle registrationΚΑ
الموقع الإلكترونيdimoskarditsas.gov.gr

Inhabitation is attested from 9000 BC. Karditsa ls linked with GR-30, the road to Karpenisi, and the road to Palamas and Larissa. Karditsa is south-west of Palamas and Larissa, west of Farsala and the Volos area, north-west of Athens, Lamia, Domokos and Sofades, north of Karpenisi, north-east of Arta, and east-south-east of Trikala, Grevena, Ioannina, and Kalampaka.

Karditsa has elementary schools, high schools, junior high schools, the Veterinary Medicine Department of the University of Thessaly which is one of only two Veterinary departments in Greece, three other university departments of the University of Thessaly, churches, banks, a post office, a railway station, a sports ground, a water tower, and squares. Karditsa is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in Greece with an extensive network of bicycle paths. Approximately 30% of all the city transportation, according to the National Technical University of Athens, is done by bicycles.

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المناخ

Karditsa has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa). Karditsa experiences hot, dry summers and cool winters with substantial precipitation.

بيانات مناخ Karditsa
الشهر يناير فبراير مارس أبريل مايو يونيو يوليو أغسطس سبتمبر اكتوبر نوفمبر ديسمبر العام
العظمى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 10.25
(50.45)
13.54
(56.37)
11.76
(53.17)
20.28
(68.5)
25.29
(77.52)
30.73
(87.31)
32.31
(90.16)
31.39
(88.5)
27.78
(82)
21.85
(71.33)
15.33
(59.59)
10.36
(50.65)
20٫906
(69٫631)
المتوسط اليومي °س (°ف) 5.36
(41.65)
6.83
(44.29)
10.49
(50.88)
14.86
(58.75)
19.85
(67.73)
25.59
(78.06)
26.68
(80.02)
25.38
(77.68)
21.73
(71.11)
15.95
(60.71)
10.38
(50.68)
6.47
(43.65)
15٫798
(60٫436)
الصغرى المتوسطة °س (°ف) 1.94
(35.49)
2.81
(37.06)
5.28
(41.5)
8.65
(47.57)
13.08
(55.54)
16.28
(61.3)
17.75
(63.95)
17.29
(63.12)
13.91
(57.04)
10.50
(50.9)
5.49
(41.88)
2.46
(36.43)
9٫62
(49٫316)
هطول mm (inches) 82.64
(3.2535)
77.22
(3.0402)
59.32
(2.3354)
62.20
(2.4488)
45.88
(1.8063)
19.50
(0.7677)
14.01
(0.5516)
16.78
(0.6606)
26.91
(1.0594)
91.44
(3.6)
90.18
(3.5504)
91.01
(3.5831)
677٫09
(26٫6571)
Sunshine hours 113.51 122.05 165.50 206.01 267.05 330.90 333.92 310.91 237.76 170.41 121.35 102.84 2٬482٫21
Source: Hellenic National Meteorological Service[2]


التاريخ

 
View of the cathedral church of Saints Constantine and Helena.

During the period of Ottoman rule in Thessaly, the main settlement in the location of modern Karditsa was called Sotira.[3] In 1810, the English traveler William Martin Leake mentioned a sprawling village named Kardhítza, consisting of between 500-600 houses, of which the majority of the inhabitants were Turkish.[4]

Karditsa was incorporated as a new city in 1882, the year after its liberation from the Ottoman Empire.

During World War II, the resistance in Thessaly was fought primarily by the ELAS. On March 12, 1943 Karditsa was liberated temporarily by ELAS after the Italian capitulation.

In September 2020, the city was badly hit from catastrophic floods that resulted in 4 deaths.

البلدية

The municipality Karditsa was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 5 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[5]

The municipality has an area of 647.3878 km2, the municipal unit 110.086 km2.[6]

التقسيمات

The municipal unit of Karditsa is divided into six parts (communities):

Historical population

 
Statue of Nikolaos Plastiras (1883-1953) in Karditsa.
Year Municipal unit Municipality
1991 32,884 55,702
2001 35,750 57,089
2011 38,554 56,747

التعليم

Veterinary Medicine Department of the University of Thessaly which is one of only two Veterinary departments in Greece and three other university departments of the University of Thessaly based in the city.

النقل

Karditsa is served by trains on the Palaiofarsalos-Kalambaka line, with connections to both Athens and Thessaloniki.

الرياضة

Karditsa has many clubs in various sport. The most of them are active in football such as Anagennisi Karditsa, AO Karditsa, Asteras Karditsa and Elpides Karditsas. The club SPA Karditsa is active in volleyball.

Sport clubs based in Karditsa
Club Founded Sports Achievements
Anagennisi Karditsas 1904 Football Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki
AO Karditsa 1966 Football Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki
SPA Karditsa 1987 Volleyball Presence in A2 Ethniki volleyball
Elpides Karditsas 1994 Football Presence in A Ethniki women

أشخاص

 
Seal of Bartholomew, Latin Bishop of Karditsa and Velestino in the early 13th century

انظر أيضاً

معرض صور

الهامش

  1. ^ أ ب "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in اليونانية). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ "Karditsa Climatic Data". Hellenic National Meteorological Service. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  3. ^ Arrowsmith, John. "Turkey in Europe, 1832".
  4. ^ Leake, William Martin. Travels in Northern Greece. (1835).
  5. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in يونانية حديثة)
  6. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in اليونانية). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.

وصلات خارجية

قالب:Karditsa div