قائمة رؤساء بوليڤيا

تحتوي هذه المقالة على قائمة رؤساء بوليڤيا، منذ إعلان الاستقلال بعد انتهاء حرب الاستقلال (1825) حتى يومنا هذا.


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خلفية

قائمة الرؤساء

الرئيس
(وُلد–توفى)
فترة الرئاسة الحزب من
إلى
نائب الرئيس
  سيمون بوليڤار
(1783–1830)
6 أغسطس 1825
 –
29 ديسمبر 1825
مستقل انتخبته الجمعية العمومية.
استقال من المنصب.
خلو المنصب
1825 – 1828
  أنطونيو خوسيه ده سوكره
(1785–1830)
29 ديسمبر 1825
 –
18 أبريل 1828
مستقل Elected by the Constituent Congress.
Resigned from office.
From 18 April to 2 August 1828, the presidency was fullfilled by José María Pérez de Urdininea.
From 2 August to 18 December 1828, the presidency was fullfilled by José Miguel de Velasco Franco.
  پدرو بلانكو سوتو
(1795–1829)
18 December 1828
 –
1 January 1829
مستقل Elected by the Constituent Congress.
Assassinated in office.
José Ramón de Loayza
From 1 January to 24 May 1829, the presidency was fullfilled by José Miguel de Velasco.
  Andrés de Santa Cruz
(1792–1865)
24 May 1829
 –
17 February 1839
مستقل Elected by the Constituent Congress.
Protector of the Peru–Bolivian Confederation (1836 – 39)
Resigned from office and fled out Bolivia.
José Miguel de Velasco
(Before 1835)
Mariano Enrique Calvo
(منذ 1835)
  José Miguel de Velasco
(1795–1859)
22 February 1839
 –
10 June 1841
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Elected by the Constituent Congress.
Resigned from office.
Office blank
1839 – 1880
  Sebastián Ágreda
(1795–1875)
10 June 1841
 –
9 July 1841
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Elected by the Constituent Congress.
Resigned from office.
  Mariano Calvo
(1782–1842)
9 July 1841
 –
22 September 1841
مستقل Nominee by Sebastián Ágreda.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
  José Ballivián
(1805–1852)
27 September 1841
 –
23 December 1847
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état (1841).
Elected by the Constituent Congress (1843).
Resigned from office.
  Eusebio Guilarte
(1805–1849)
23 December 1847
 –
2 January 1848
عسكري Succeeded to office according Constitutional laws.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
  José Miguel de Velasco
(1795–1859)
18 January 1848
 –
6 December 1848
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
  Manuel Isidoro Belzu
(1808–1865)
6 December 1848
 –
15 August 1855
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Resigned from office.
  Jorge Córdova
(1822–1861)
15 August 1855
 –
9 September 1857
عسكري Elected by popular vote (1855).
De facto governing with military's assistance.
Declared deposed by Linaristas (9 September).
Defeated by insurgents and fled (27 September).
  José María Linares
(1808–1861)
9 September 1857
 –
14 January 1861
Constitutional Elected by the National Congress (Linaristas).
Deposed by a coup d'état.
From 14 January to 4 May 1861, the presidency was fullfilled by a transitory triumvirate.
  José María de Achá
(1810–1868)
4 May 1861
 –
28 January 1864
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état (1861).
Elected by popular vote (1862).
De facto governing with military's assistance.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
  Mariano Melgarejo
(1820–1871)
28 January 1864
 –
15 January 1871
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
  Agustín Morales
(1808–1872)
15 January 1871
 –
27 November 1872
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Assassinated in office.
  Tomás Frías Ametller
(1804–1884)
27 November 1872
 –
9 May 1873
Constitutional Succeeded to office according Constitutional laws.
End of the term.
  Adolfo Ballivián
(1831–1874)
9 May 1873
 –
31 January 1874
Constitutional Elected by popular vote (1873).
Died in office.
  Tomás Frías Ametller
(1804–1884)
31 January 1874
 –
4 May 1876
Constitutional Succeeded to office according Constitutional laws.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
  Hilarión Daza
(1840–1894)
4 May 1876
 –
28 December 1879
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Declared deposed during his absence (War of the Pacific)
From 28 December 1879 to 19 January 1880, the presidency was fullfilled by the presidential cabinet.
  Narciso Campero
(1813–1896)
19 January 1880
 –
4 September 1884
Liberal Elected by the National Congress.
End of the term.
Aniceto Arce
(First Vice President)
Belisario Salinas
(Second Vice President)
  Gregorio Pacheco
(1823–1899)
4 September 1884
 –
15 August 1888
Democratic Elected by popular vote (1884).
End of the term.
Mariano Baptista
(First Vice President)
Jorge Oblitas
(Second Vice President)
  Aniceto Arce
(1824–1906)
15 August 1888
 –
11 August 1892
Conservative Elected by popular vote (1888).
End of the term.
José Manuel del Carpio
(First Vice President)
Serapio Reyes Ortiz
(Second Vice President)
  Mariano Baptista
(1832–1907)
11 August 1892
 –
19 August 1896
Conservative Elected by popular vote (1892).
End of the term.
Severo Fernández
(First Vice President)
Vacant
(Second Vice President)
  Severo Fernández
(1849–1925)
19 August 1896
 –
12 April 1899
Conservative Elected by popular vote (1896).
Deposed by a civil war.
Rafael Peña de Flores
(First Vice President)
Jenaro Sanjinés
(Second Vice President)
From 12 April to 25 October 1899, the presidency was fullfilled by a transitory triumvirate.
  José Manuel Pando
(1849–1917)
25 October 1899
 –
14 August 1904
Liberal Installed after a civil war
Elected by the National Congress.
End of the term.
Lucio Pérez Velasco
(First Vice President)
Aníbal Capriles
(Second Vice President)
  Ismael Montes
(1861–1933)
14 August 1904
 –
12 August 1909
Liberal Elected by popular vote (1904).
End of the term.
Eliodoro Villazón
(First Vice President)
Valentín Abecia
(Second Vice President)
  Eliodoro Villazón
(1848–1939)
12 August 1909
 –
14 August 1913
Liberal Elected by popular vote (1909).
End of the term.
Macario Pinilla
(First Vice President)
Juan Misael Saracho
(Second Vice President)
  Ismael Montes
(1861–1933)
14 August 1913
 –
15 August 1917
Liberal Elected by popular vote (1913).
End of the term.
Juan Misael Saracho
(First Vice President)
José Carrasco Torrico
(Second Vice President)
  José Gutiérrez Guerra
(1869–1929)
15 August 1917
 –
12 July 1920
Liberal Elected by popular vote (1917).
Deposed by a coup d'état.
Ismael Vázquez Virreira
(First Vice President)
José Santos Quinteros
(Second Vice President)
From 13 July 1920 to 28 January 1921, the presidency was fullfilled by a transitory triumvirate.
  Bautista Saavedra
(1870–1939)
28 January 1921
 –
3 September 1925
PRS Installed by a coup d'état (1920).
Elected by the National Congress (1921).
Resigned from office.
Vacant
From 3 September 1925 to 10 January 1926, the presidency was fullfilled by the Senate President Felipe S. Guzmán.
  Hernando Siles
(1882–1942)
10 January 1926
 –
28 May 1930
PRS
(Before 1927)
Elected by popular vote (December 1925).
Resigned from office.
Abdón Saavedra
PN
(After 1927)
From 28 May 1930 to 5 March 1931, the presidency was fullfilled by the presidential cabinet (before 28 June 1930), then by General Carlos Blanco Galindo.
  Daniel Salamanca
(1869–1935)
5 March 1931
 –
1 December 1934
PRG Elected by popular vote (1931).
Resigned under military's threat.
José Luis Tejada
  José Luis Tejada
(1882–1938)
1 December 1934
 –
16 May 1936
PRG Succeeded to office according Constitutional laws.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
Vacant
From 16 to 22 May 1936, the presidency was fullfilled by Major Germán Busch.
  David Toro
(1898–1977)
22 May 1936
 –
13 July 1937
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Forced to resign from office.
Vacant
  Germán Busch
(1904–1939)
13 July 1937
 –
23 August 1939
عسكري Succeeded to lead the military junta.
Died in office.
Vacant
(Before 1938)
Enrique Baldivieso
(Since 1938)
  Carlos Quintanilla
(1888–1964)
23 August 1939
 –
15 April 1940
عسكري Succeeded to lead the military junta.
Resigned from office.
Vacant
  Enrique Peñaranda
(1892–1969)
15 April 1940
 –
20 December 1943
عسكري Elected by popular vote (1940).
De facto governing with military's assistance.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
Vacant
  Gualberto Villarroel
(1908–1946)
20 December 1943
 –
21 July 1946
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Assassinated in office.
Julián Montellano
From 21 July to 17 August 1946, the presidency was fullfilled by Attorney General Néstor Guillén.
From 17 August 1946 to 10 March 1947, the presidency was fullfilled by Supreme Court's Justice Tomás Monje.
  Enrique Hertzog
(1897–1981)
10 March 1947
 –
24 October 1949
PURS Elected by popular vote (1947).
Resigned from office.
Mamerto Urriolagoitía
  Mamerto Urriolagoitía
(1895–1974)
24 October 1949
 –
16 May 1952
PURS Succeeded to office according Constitutional laws.
End of the term.
Vacant
  Hugo Ballivián
(1901–1993)
16 May 1951
 –
11 April 1952
عسكري Installed by Urriolagoitía's self-coup.
Deposed by a popular sedition.
Vacant
  Víctor Paz Estenssoro
(1907–2001)
15 April 1952
 –
6 August 1956
MNR Elected by popular vote (1951).
Installed by popular sedition (1952).
End of the term.
Hernán Siles
  Hernán Siles
(1914–1996)
6 August 1956
 –
6 August 1960
MNR Elected by popular vote (1956).
End of the term.
Ñuflo Chávez Ortiz
  Víctor Paz Estenssoro
(1907–2001)
6 August 1960
 –
4 November 1964
MNR Elected by popular vote (1960).
Successfully re-elected (1964).
Deposed by a coup d'état
Juan Lechín Oquendo
(Before 1964)
René Barrientos
(Since 1964)
  René Barrientos
(1919–1969)
5 November 1964
 –
27 April 1969
MPC Installed by a coup d'état (1964).
Elected by popular vote (1966).
Died in office.
Alfredo Ovando Candía
(Before 1966)
Luis Adolfo Siles
(Since 1966)
  Luis Adolfo Siles
(1925–2005)
27 April 1969
 –
26 September 1969
PSD Succeeded to office according to Constitutional laws.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
Vacant
  Alfredo Ovando Candía
(1918–1982)
26 September 1969
 –
6 October 1970
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Ousted from office by another coup attempt.
Vacant
From 6 to 7 October 1970, the presidency was fullfilled by a military triumvirate.
  Juan José Torres
(1920–1976)
7 October 1970
 –
21 August 1971
عسكري Installed by a counter-coup.
Deposed by another coup d'état.
Vacant
From 21 to 22 August 1971, the presidency was fullfilled by a military triumvirate.
  Hugo Banzer
(1926–2002)
22 August 1971
 –
21 July 1978
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Resigned due to large political dissent.
Vacant
On 21 July 1978, the presidency was fullfilled by the Chairman of the Military Junta Víctor González Fuentes.
  Juan Pereda
(1931–2012)
21 July 1978
 –
24 November 1978
عسكري Elected by popular vote (1978).
De facto governing with military's assistance.
Deposed by a coup d'état.
Vacant
David Padilla
(1927–2016)
24 November 1978
 –
8 August 1979
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Dismissed after his successor's election.
Vacant
Wálter Guevara
(1912–1996)
8 August 1979
 –
1 November 1979
PRA Elected by the National Congress (1979)
Deposed by a coup d'état.
Vacant
  Alberto Natusch
(1933–1994)
1 November 1979
 –
16 November 1979
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Forced to resign under National Congress's pressure.
Vacant
From 16 November 1979 to 17 July 1980, the presidency was fullfilled by the Chamber President Lidia Gueiler Tejada.
From 17 to 18 July 1980, the presidency was fullfilled by a military triumvirate.
Luis García Meza
(1929–2018)
18 July 1980
 –
4 August 1981
عسكري Installed by a coup d'état.
Deposed by another coup d'état.
Vacant
From 4 August to 4 September 1981, the presidency was fullfilled by a military triumvirate.
  Celso Torrelio
(1933–1999)
4 September 1981
 –
19 July 1982
عسكري Selected by the military junta.
Dismissed by military authorities.
Vacant
From 19 to 21 July 1982, the presidency was fullfilled by a military triumvirate.
  Guido Vildoso
(1937–)
21 July 1982
 –
10 October 1982
عسكري Selected by the military junta.
Dismissed after completing the transition to democracy.
Vacant
  Hernán Siles
(1925–2005)
10 October 1982
 –
6 August 1985
MNRI Elected by popular vote (1980).
Confirmed by the National Congress (1982)
End of the term.
Jaime Paz Zamora
  Víctor Paz Estenssoro
(1907–2001)
6 August 1985
 –
6 August 1989
MNR Elected by popular vote (1985).
End of the term.
Julio Garrett Ayllón
  Jaime Paz Zamora
(1939–)
6 August 1989
 –
6 August 1993
MIR Elected by popular vote (1989).
End of the term.
Luis Ossio
  Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada
(1930–)
6 August 1993
 –
6 August 1997
MNR Elected by popular vote (1993).
End of the term.
Víctor Hugo Cárdenas
  Hugo Banzer
(1926–2002)
6 August 1997
 –
7 August 2001
ADN Elected by popular vote (1997).
Resigned from office.
Jorge Quiroga
  Jorge Quiroga
(1960–)
7 August 2001
 –
6 August 2002
ADN Succeeded to office according to Constitutional laws.
End of the term.
Vacant
  Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada
(1930–)
6 August 2002
 –
17 October 2003
MNR Elected by popular vote (2002).
Resigned from office.
Carlos Mesa
  Carlos Mesa
(1953–)
17 October 2003
 –
9 March 2005
MNR Succeeded to office according to Constitutional laws.
Resigned from office.
Vacant
  Eduardo Rodríguez
(1956–)
9 March 2005
 –
22 January 2006
مستقل Succeeded to office according Constitutional laws.
End of the term.
Vacant
  إڤو مورالس
(1959–)
22 January 2006
 –
10 November 2019
MAS Elected by popular vote (2005).
Successfully re-elected (2009, 2014).
Resigned from office.
Álvaro García Linera
From 10 to 12 November 2019, the office of President was vacant.
  جانين آنييز
(1967–)[1][2]
12 November 2019
 –
Incumbent
MDS Succeeded to office according to Constitutional laws.[3]
Interim President
Vacant


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الخط الزمني

جانين آنييزإڤو مورالسEduardo RodríguezCarlos MesaJorge QuirogaGonzalo Sánchez de LozadaJaime Paz ZamoraGuido VildosoÁngel Mariscal GómezNatalio Morales MosqueraÓscar Jaime PammoCelso TorrelioRamiro Terrazas RodríguezWaldo Bernal PereiraLuis García Meza TejadaLidiaGueiler TejadaAlberto NatuschWálter GuevaraDavid PadillaJuan PeredaVictor González FuentesJaime Florentino Mendieta VargasHugo BanzerAndrés Selich ChopJuan José TorresAlberto Albarracín CrespoFernando Sattori RiberaEfraín Guachalla IbáñezLuis Adolfo Siles SalinasAlfredo Ovando CandíaRené BarrientosVíctor Paz EstenssoroHernán Siles ZuazoHugo BalliviánMamerto UrriolagoitíaEnrique HertzogTomás MonjeNéstor GuillénGualberto VillarroelEnrique PeñarandaCarlos QuintanillaGermán BuschJosé Luis Tejada SorzanoDaniel Salamanca UreyCarlos Blanco GalindoEzequiel Romecín CalderónCarlos BanzerFidel VegaJosé Aguirre AcháDavid ToroFranklin MercadoGermán Antelo ArauzAlberto Díez de MedinaHernando Siles ReyesFelipe S. GuzmánJosé Manuel RamirezJosé Maria EscalierBautista SaavedraJosé Gutiérrez GuerraEliodoro VillazónIsmael MontesMacario Pinilla VargasSerapio Reyes OrtizJosé Manuel PandoSevero FérnandezMariano BaptistaAniceto ArceGregorioP achecoNarciso CamperoPedro José Domingo de GuerraHilarión DazaAdolfo BalliviánTomás Frias AmetllerAgustín MoralesMariano MelgarejoManuel António SanchezJosé Maria AcháRuperto FernándezJosé Maria LinaresJorge CórdovaManuel Isidoro BelzuEusebio Guilarte VeraJosé BalliviánMariano CalvoSebastián ÁgredaAndrés de Santa CruzPedro Blanco SotoJosé Miguel de Velasco FrancoJosé María Pérez de UrdinineaAntonio José de SucreSimón Bolivar


الرؤساء السابقون الأحياء

أنظر أيضاً


المصادر

  1. ^ "La senadora Jeanine Áñez asumió la presidencia provisional de Bolivia tras la renuncia de Evo Morales" (in الإسبانية). Infobae. Retrieved 2019-11-12.
  2. ^ "El MAS reconoce la sucesión por renuncia y abandono de funciones de Evo y Álvaro". Pagina Siete. November 20, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  3. ^ https://tcpbolivia.bo/tcp/?q=content/comunicado-1
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