افتح القائمة الرئيسية

الجزيرة الشمالية

هذا المقال يتضمن أسماءً أعجمية تتطلب حروفاً إضافية (پ چ ژ گ ڤ ڠ).
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الجزيرة الشمالية North Island، وتُسمى رسمياً أيضاً Te Ika-a-Māui،[1] هي واحدة من الجزيرتين الرئيسيتين في نيوزيلندا، ويفصلها عن الجزيرة الجنوبية الأكبر مساحةً والأقل سكاناً بكثير مضيق كوك. مساحة الجزيرة هي 113,729 كم²،[2] making it the world's 14th-largest island. It has a population of 3,366,100 (تقدير يونيو 2011).[3]

الجزيرة الشمالية
North Island
الاسم المحلي:
Te Ika-a-Māui
NewZealand.A2002296.2220.250m North Island crop.jpg
الجزيرة الشمالية North Island is located in أوقيانوسيا
الجزيرة الشمالية North Island
الجزيرة الشمالية
North Island
الجغرافيا
الموقعOceania
الإحداثيات38°24′S 175°43′E / 38.400°S 175.717°E / -38.400; 175.717
أرخبيلNew Zealand
المساحة113,729 kم2 (43,911 ميل2)
ترتيب المساحة14th
أعلى منسوب2٬797 m (9٬177 ft)
أعلى نقطةMount Ruapehu
الإدارة
نيوزيلندا
ISO 3166-2:NZNZ-N
المناطق9
Territorial authorities43
أكبر مستوطنةأوكلاند (pop. 1,377,200)
الديمغرافيا
التعداد3,366,100 (تقدير يونيو 2011)
الكثافة السكانية29٫6 /km2 (76٫7 /sq mi)

Twelve main urban areas (half of them officially cities) are in the North Island. From north to south, they are Whangarei, أوكلاند، Hamilton, Tauranga, Rotorua, Gisborne, New Plymouth, ناپيير، Hastings, Whanganui, Palmerston North، و ولنگتون، العاصمة، الواقعة على الطرف الجنوبي الغربي للجزيرة. About 76% of New Zealand's population lives in the North Island.

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فهرست

التسمية والاستخدام

Although the island has been known as the North Island for many years,[4] in 2009 the New Zealand Geographic Board found that, along with the South Island, the North Island had no official name.[5] After a public consultation, the board officially named the island North Island or Te Ika-a-Maui in October 2013.[6]

In prose, the two main islands of New Zealand are called the North Island and the South Island, with the definite articles. It is also normal to use the preposition in rather than on, for example "Hamilton is in the North Island", "my mother lives in the North Island". Maps, headings, tables and adjectival expressions use North Island without the.


أساطير الماوري

According to Māori mythology, the North and South Islands of New Zealand arose through the actions of the demigod Māui. Māui and his brothers were fishing from their canoe (the South Island) when he caught a great fish and pulled it from the sea. While he was not looking his brothers fought over the fish and chopped it up. This great fish became the North Island and thus a Māori name for the North Island is Te Ika-a-Māui ("The Fish of Māui"). The mountains and valleys are believed to have been formed as a result of Māui's brothers' hacking at the fish. Until the early 20th Century, an alternative Māori name for the North Island was Aotearoa. In present usage, Aotearoa is a collective Māori name for New Zealand as a whole.

الاقتصاد

The sub-national GDP of the North Island was estimated at US$102.863 billion in 2003, 79% of New Zealand's national GDP.[7]

علم البيئة

The North Island is divided into two ecoregions within the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome, the northern part being the Northland temperate kauri forest, and the southern part being the North Island temperate forests. The island has an extensive flora and bird population, with numerous National Parks and other protected areas.

المناطق

 
Territorial authorities of the North Island

Nine local government regions cover the North Island and all its adjacent islands and territorial waters.

المدن والبلدات

 
Map of the North Island showing some of its cities

The North Island has a larger population than the South Island, with the country's largest city, Auckland, and the capital, Wellington, accounting for nearly half of it.

There are 28 urban areas in the North Island with a population of 10,000 or more:

الاسم التعداد
(June 2018)[8]
% من الجزيرة
أوكلاند 1,467,800 39٫1%
Wellington 215,400 5٫7%
Hamilton 169,300 4٫5%
Tauranga 135,000 3٫6%
Lower Hutt 104,900 2٫8%
Palmerston North 80,300 2٫1%
Napier 62,800 1٫7%
Porirua 55,500 1٫5%
New Plymouth 55,300 1٫5%
Rotorua 54,500 1٫5%
Whangarei 52,600 1٫4%
Hibiscus Coast 52,400 1٫4%
Hastings 45,000 1٫2%
Upper Hutt 41,000 1٫1%
Whanganui 39,400 1٫1%
Gisborne 35,500 0٫9%
Paraparaumu 28,900 0٫8%
Pukekohe 24,300 0٫6%
Taupo 23,900 0٫6%
Masterton 23,900 0٫5%
Cambridge 19,150 0٫5%
Levin 17,700 0٫5%
Feilding 16,450 0٫4%
Whakatane 15,850 0٫4%
Havelock North 13,950 0٫4%
Tokoroa 13,650 0٫4%
Te Awamutu 12,400 0٫3%
Waikanae 12,100 0٫3%


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الديمغرافيا

الثقافة والهوية

Ethnic groups of North Island residents, 2013 census[9]
العرق العدد %
أوروپيون 2,122,587 69.6
   New Zealand European 1,934,037 63.4
   English 30,393 1.0
   British 27,024 0.9
   South African 24,921 0.8
   Dutch 21,549 0.7
   European (not further defined) 20,955 0.7
   Australian 16,431 0.5
Māori 514,809 16.9
Asian 418,287 13.7
   Chinese 145,089 4.8
   Indian 134,559 4.4
   Filipino 32,796 1.1
   Korean 25,842 0.8
Pacific peoples 274,806 9.0
   Samoan 133,968 4.4
   Cook Islands Maori 56,910 1.9
   Tongan 56,685 1.9
   Niuean 22,878 0.7
Middle Eastern/Latin American/African 39,510 1.3
Other 47,394 1.6
   New Zealander 45,906 1.5
Total people stated 3,050,874 100.0
Not elsewhere included 186,174 5.8

الرعاية الصحية

Healthcare in the North Island is provided by fifteen District Health Boards (DHBs). Organised around geographical areas of varying population sizes, they are not coterminous with the Local Government Regions.

مجلس صحة المقاطعة المقاطعة التعداد
Northland District Health Board (Te Poari Hauora a Rohe o te Tai Tokerau) Whangarei District, Far North District, Kaipara District 159,160
Waitemata District Health Board (Te Wai Awhina) Auckland Region 525,000
Auckland District Health Board (Te Toka Tumai) Auckland Region 468,000
Counties Manukau District Health Board (A Community Partnership) Auckland Region 490,610
Waikato District Health Board (Waikato DHB) Hamilton City, Hauraki District, Matamata-Piako District, Otorohanga District, part of Ruapehu District, South Waikato, Thames-Coromandel District, Waikato District, Waipa District, Waitomo District 372,865
Bay of Plenty District Health Board (Hauora a Toi) Tauranga City, Western Bay of Plenty District, Whakatāne District, Kawerau District, Opotiki District 214,170
Lakes District Health Board (Lakes DHB) Rotorua District, Taupo District 102,000
Tairawhiti District Health Board (Te Mana Hauora o te Tairawhiti) Gisborne District 44,499
Hawke's Bay District Health Board (Whakawateatia) Napier City, Hastings District, Wairoa District, Central Hawke's Bay District, Chatham Islands 155,000
Taranaki District Health Board (Taranaki DHB) New Plymouth District, Stratford District, South Taranaki District 104,280
Whanganui District Health Board (Whanganui DHB) Wanganui District, Rangitikei District, part of Ruapehu District 62,210
Mid Central District Health Board (Te Pae Hauora o Ruahine o Tararua) Palmerston North City, Horowhenua District, Manawatu District, Tararua District, part of Kapiti Coast District 158,838
Wairarapa District Health Board (Te Poari Hauora a Rohe o Wairarapa) South Wairarapa District, Carterton District, Masterton District 38,200
Hutt Valley District Health Board (Healthy People) Lower Hutt City, Upper Hutt City 145,000
Capital and Coast District Health Board (Upoko ki te Uru Hauora) Wellington City, Porirua City, part of Kapiti Coast District 270,000


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السمات الجغرافية الرئيسية

 
الجزيرة الشمالية، بالنسبة إلى الجزيرة الجنوبية

الخلجان والسمات الساحلية

البحيرات والأنهار

الرؤوس وأشباه الجزر

الغابات والمنتزهات الوطنية

البراكين

غيرهم

انظر أيضاً

المراجع

  1. ^ Reporter, Staff (October 10, 2013). "Two official options for NZ island names". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  2. ^ "Quick Facts - Land and Environment : Geography - Physical Features". Statistics New Zealand. 2000. Archived from the original on 8 April 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. ^ "Subnational population estimates at 30 June 2011 (boundaries at 1 July 2011)". Statistics New Zealand. 19 December 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  4. ^ On some 19th-century maps, the North Island is named New Ulster, which was also a province of New Zealand that included the North Island.
  5. ^ "The New Zealand Geographic Board Considers North and South Island Names". Land Information New Zealand. 21 April 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
  6. ^ "Two official options for NZ island names". The New Zealand Herald. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  7. ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product". Statistics New Zealand. 2007. Archived from the original on 20 May 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  8. ^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2018 (final)". Statistics New Zealand. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Ethnic group (total responses), for the census usually resident population count, 2001, 2006, and 2013 Censuses (RC, TA, AU)". Statistics New Zealand.

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