قائمة رؤوس دول هايتي

(تم التحويل من List of heads of state of Haiti)

قالب:Politics of Haiti

يسرد هذا المقال رؤساء دول هايتي منذ بداية الثورة الهايتية عام 1791. وكان الاستقلال التام لهايتي المعلن عام 1804 .


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رؤوس دول هايتي

سان دومينگو (1791–1804)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
N/A   Toussaint Louverture
(1743–1803)
1 January 1791 6 May 1802 11 سنة, 125 يوم Independent Leader of the Haitian Revolution (1 January 1791 – 6 May 1802)
Lieutenant Governor of Saint-Domingue (1797 – 7 July 1801)
Governor-General for Life of the entire island of Hispaniola (7 July 1801 – 6 May 1802)
Vacant (6 May 1802–1 January 1804)
N/A   Jean-Jacques Dessalines
(1758–1806)
1 January 1804 22 September 1804 265 يوم Independent Governor-General of Haiti

إمبراطورية هايتي الأولى (1804-1806)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Period of reign Coronation Title(s)
Reign start Reign end Duration
1   Jacques I
(1758–1806)
22 September 1804 17 October 1806 2 سنة, 25 يوم 8 October 1804 Emperor of Haiti

دولة هايتي (1806-1811)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
N/A   Henri Christophe
(1767–1820)
17 October 1806 28 March 1811 4 سنة, 162 يوم Independent Provisional Chief of the Haitian Government (17 October 1806 – 17 February 1807)
President (17 February 1807 – 28 March 1811)
[أ]

مملكة هايتي (1811-1820)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Period of reign Coronation Title(s)
Reign start Reign end Duration
N/A   Henri I
(1767–1820)
28 March 1811 8 October 1820 9 سنة, 194 يوم 2 June 1811 King of Haiti[ب]

جمهورية هايتي (1806-1822)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1   Alexandre Pétion
(1770–1818)
17 October 1806 29 March 1818 11 سنة, 163 يوم Independent President (17 October 1806 – 9 October 1816)
President for Life (9 October 1816 – 29 March 1818)
[ت]
2   Jean-Pierre Boyer
(1776–1850)
30 March 1818 9 February 1822 3 سنة, 316 يوم Independent President for Life[ث]

جمهورية هايتي خلال توحيد هيسپانيولا (1822–1844)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
(2)   Jean-Pierre Boyer
(1776–1850)
9 February 1822 13 February 1843 21 سنة, 4 يوم Independent President for Life
3   Charles Rivière-Hérard
(1789–1850)
4 April 1843 27 February 1844 329 يوم Independent President

جمهورية هايتي (1844-1849)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
(3)   Charles Rivière-Hérard
(1789–1850)
27 February 1844 3 May 1844 66 يوم Independent President
4   Philippe Guerrier
(1757–1845)
3 May 1844 15 April 1845 347 يوم Independent President
5   Jean-Louis Pierrot
(1761–1857)
16 April 1845 24 March 1846 342 يوم Independent President
6   Jean-Baptiste Riché
(1780–1847)
24 March 1846 28 February 1847 341 يوم Independent President
7   Faustin Soulouque
(1782–1867)
2 March 1847 26 August 1849 2 سنة, 177 يوم Independent President


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إمبراطورية هايتي الثانية (1849–1859)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Period of reign Coronation Title(s)
Reign start Reign end Duration
2   Faustin I
(1782–1867)
26 August 1849 22 January 1859 9 سنة, 149 يوم 18 April 1852 Emperor of Haiti

جمهورية هايتي (1859–1957)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
8   Fabre Geffrard
(1806–1878)
22 January 1859 13 March 1867 8 سنة, 50 يوم Independent President
  Jean-Nicolas Nissage Saget
(1810–1880)
20 March 1867 2 May 1867 43 يوم Independent Provisional President
9   Sylvain Salnave
(1827–1870)
4 May 1867 27 December 1869 2 سنة, 237 يوم Independent President
10   Jean-Nicolas Nissage Saget
(1810–1880)
27 December 1869 14 May 1874 4 سنة, 138 يوم Liberal Party President
  Council of Secretaries of State 14 May 1874 14 June 1874 31 يوم Independent Council of Secretaries of State
11   Michel Domingue
(1813–1877)
14 June 1874 15 April 1876 1 سنة, 306 يوم Independent President
12   Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
(1832–1905)
23 April 1876 17 July 1879 3 سنة, 85 يوم Liberal Party Provisional President (23 April 1876 – 17 July 1876)
President (17 July 1876 – 17 July 1879)
  Joseph Lamothe
(?–1891)
26 July 1879 2 October 1879 68 يوم Independent Provisional President
13   Lysius Salomon
(1815–1888)
2 October 1879 10 August 1888 8 سنة, 313 يوم National Party President
  Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
(1832–1905)
10 August 1888 16 October 1888 67 يوم Liberal Party Provisional President
14   François Denys Légitime
(1841–1935)
16 October 1888 23 August 1889 311 يوم Liberal Party President
  Monpoint Jeune
(1830–1905)
23 August 1889 17 October 1889 55 يوم Independent Provisional President
15   Florvil Hyppolite
(1828–1896)
17 October 1889 24 March 1896 6 سنة, 159 يوم National Party President
16   Tirésias Simon Sam
(1835–1916)
31 March 1896 12 May 1902 6 سنة, 42 يوم National Party President
  Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
(1832–1905)
26 May 1902 17 December 1902 205 يوم Liberal Party Provisional President
17   Pierre Nord Alexis
(1820–1910)
21 December 1902 2 December 1908 5 سنة, 347 يوم Military President
18   François C. Antoine Simon
(1843–1923)
6 December 1908 3 August 1911 2 سنة, 240 يوم Liberal Party President
19   Cincinnatus Leconte
(1854–1912)
15 August 1911 8 August 1912 359 يوم National Party President[ج]
20   Tancrède Auguste
(1856–1913)
8 August 1912 2 May 1913 267 يوم National Party President
21   Michel Oreste
(1859–1918)
12 May 1913 27 January 1914 260 يوم Independent President
22   Oreste Zamor
(1861–1915)
8 February 1914 29 October 1914 263 يوم Military President
23   Joseph Davilmar Théodore
(1847–1917)
7 November 1914 22 February 1915 107 يوم Military President
24   Vilbrun Guillaume Sam
(1859–1915)
25 February 1915 28 July 1915 153 يوم Military President[ح]
25   Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave
(1863–1926)
12 August 1915 15 May 1922 6 سنة, 276 يوم Independent President[خ]
26   Louis Borno
(1865–1942)
15 May 1922 15 May 1930
Independent President[خ]
27   Louis Eugène Roy
(1861–1939)
15 May 1930 18 November 1930 187 يوم Independent President[خ]
28   Sténio Vincent
(1874–1959)
18 November 1930 15 May 1941 10 سنة, 178 يوم Independent President[د]
29   Élie Lescot
(1883–1974)
15 May 1941 11 January 1946 4 سنة, 241 يوم Liberal Party President
  Franck Lavaud
(1903–1986)
11 January 1946 16 August 1946 217 يوم Military Chairman of the Military Executive Committee
30   Dumarsais Estimé
(1900–1953)
16 August 1946 10 May 1950 3 سنة, 267 يوم Independent President
  Franck Lavaud
(1903–1986)
10 May 1950 6 December 1950 210 يوم Military Chairman of the Government Junta
31   Paul Magloire
(1907–2001)
1950 6 December 1950 12 December 1956 6 سنة, 6 يوم Peasant Worker Movement President
  Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis
(1900–1966)
12 December 1956 3 February 1957 53 يوم Independent Provisional President
  Franck Sylvain
(1909–1987)
7 February 1957 2 April 1957 54 يوم Independent Provisional President
  Executive Government Council 2 April 1957 25 May 1957 53 يوم Independent Executive Government Council
  Daniel Fignolé
(1913–1986)
25 May 1957 14 June 1957 20 يوم Peasant Worker Movement Provisional President
  Antonio Thrasybule Kébreau
(1909–1963)
14 June 1957 22 October 1957 130 يوم Military Chairman of the Military Council


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جمهورية هايتي خلال أسرة دوفالييه (1957-1986)

Symbols
  • P  Presidential referendum
  • C  Constitutional referendum
  •   Died in office
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
style="background:قالب:National Unity Party (Haiti)/meta/color; color:white" |32   François Duvalier
(1907–1971)
1957
1961[P]
1964[C]
22 October 1957 21 April 1971[†] 13 سنة, 181 يوم National Unity Party President (22 October 1957 – 22 June 1964)
President for Life (22 June 1964 – 21 April 1971)
style="background:قالب:National Unity Party (Haiti)/meta/color; color:white" |33   Jean-Claude Duvalier
(1951–2014)
1971[C]
1985[C]
21 April 1971 7 February 1986[ذ] 14 سنة, 292 يوم National Unity Party President for Life

جمهورية هايتي (1986 إلى الوقت الحاضر)

Symbols
  • I  Indirect election
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Party Title(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
  Henri Namphy
(1932–2018)
7 February 1986 7 February 1988
Military President of the National Council of Government
34   Leslie Manigat
(1930–2014)
1988 7 February 1988 20 June 1988[ر] 134 يوم Rally of Progressive National Democrats President
35   Henri Namphy
(1932–2018)
20 June 1988 17 September 1988[ز] 89 يوم Military President
36   Prosper Avril
(born 1937)
17 September 1988 10 March 1990 1 سنة, 236 يوم Military President
  Hérard Abraham
(born 1940)
10 March 1990 13 March 1990 3 يوم Military Acting President
  Ertha Pascal-Trouillot
(born 1943)
13 March 1990 7 February 1991 331 يوم Independent Provisional President
style="background:قالب:Struggling People's Organization/meta/color; color:white" |37   Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(born 1953)
1990–91 7 February 1991 29 September 1991[س] 234 يوم Lavalas Political Organization President
N/A   Raoul Cédras
(born 1949)
29 September 1991 8 October 1991 9 يوم Military Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces[ش]
  Joseph Nérette
(1924–2007)
8 October 1991 19 June 1992 255 يوم Independent Provisional President
  Marc Bazin
(1932–2010)
19 June 1992 15 June 1993 361 يوم Movement for the Instauration of Democracy in Haiti Acting President
style="background:قالب:Struggling People's Organization/meta/color; color:white" |37   Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(born 1953)
15 June 1993 12 May 1994 331 يوم Lavalas Political Organization President[ص]
  Émile Jonassaint
(1913–1995)
12 May 1994 12 October 1994 153 يوم Independent Provisional President
style="background:قالب:Struggling People's Organization/meta/color; color:white" |37   Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(born 1953)
12 October 1994 7 February 1996 1 سنة, 118 يوم Lavalas Political Organization President[ض]
style="background:قالب:Fanmi Lavalas/meta/color; color:white" |38   René Préval
(1943–2017)
1995 7 February 1996 7 February 2001
Fanmi Lavalas President
style="background:قالب:Fanmi Lavalas/meta/color; color:white" |39   Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(born 1953)
2000 7 February 2001 29 February 2004[ط] 3 سنة, 22 يوم Fanmi Lavalas President
  Boniface Alexandre
(born 1936)
29 February 2004 14 May 2006 2 سنة, 75 يوم Independent Provisional President
style="background:قالب:Lespwa/meta/color; color:white" |40   René Préval
(1943–2017)
2006 14 May 2006 14 May 2011 -2001 years Lespwa[ظ] President
style="background:قالب:Patriotic Unity/meta/color; color:white" |(40) Inite
style="background:قالب:Repons Peyizan/meta/color; color:black" |41   Michel Martelly
(born 1961)
2010–11 14 May 2011 7 February 2016 4 سنة, 269 يوم Repons Peyizan President
  Council of Ministers 7 February 2016 14 February 2016 7 يوم Independent Council of Ministers
style="background:قالب:Patriotic Unity/meta/color; color:white" |—   Jocelerme Privert
(born 1953)
2016 (Feb)[I] 14 February 2016 7 February 2017 359 يوم Inite Provisional President[ع]
style="background:قالب:Haitian Tèt Kale Party/meta/color; color:white"|42   Jovenel Moïse
(born 1968)
2016 (Nov) 7 February 2017 Incumbent 5 سنة, 144 يوم Haitian Tèt Kale Party President

حكام أجانب وقادة عسكريون

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Title(s) Country
Took office Left office Time in office
United States occupation of Haiti
  William Banks Caperton
(1855–1941)
28 July 1915 15 August 1915 18 يوم Commander cruiser squadron, Atlantic Fleet   الولايات المتحدة
  Littleton Waller
(1856–1926)
15 August 1915 21 November 1916 1 سنة, 98 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Eli K. Cole
(1867–1929)
22 November 1916 27 November 1917 1 سنة, 5 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  John H. Russell Jr.
(1872–1947)
28 November 1917 6 December 1918 1 سنة, 8 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Albertus W. Catlin
(1868–1933)
7 December 1918 14 July 1919 −146 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Louis M. Little
(1878–1960)
15 July 1919 1 October 1919 78 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  John H. Russell Jr.
(1872–1947)
2 October 1919 14 January 1922 2 سنة, 104 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  George O. Van Orden
(1878–1957)
14 January 1922 28 March 1922 73 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Theodore P. Kane
(1868–1943)
29 March 1922 15 November 1923 1 سنة, 231 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  William N. McKelvy
(1869–1933)
16 November 1923 21 January 1924 66 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Ben H. Fuller
(1870–1937)
21 January 1924 11 June 1925 1 سنة, 141 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  William N. McKelvy
(1869–1933)
12 June 1925 25 June 1925 13 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Harold Courtland Snyder
(1872–1933)
26 June 1925 29 July 1925 33 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Ben H. Fuller
(1870–1937)
30 July 1925 7 December 1925 130 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  John T. Myers
(1871–1952)
8 December 1925 24 January 1928 2 سنة, 47 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Presley M. Rixey Jr.
(1879–1953)
25 January 1928 22 February 1928 28 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Louis Mason Gulick
(1879–1933)
23 February 1928 24 June 1929 1 سنة, 121 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Richard M. Cutts
(1878–1934)
25 June 1929 11 May 1931 1 سنة, 320 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Louis M. Little
(1878–1960)
3 July 1931 15 August 1934 3 سنة, 43 يوم Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Arthur Bailly-Blanchard
(1855–1925)
15 November 1915 26 September 1921 5 سنة, 315 يوم Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary   الولايات المتحدة
  John H. Russell Jr.
(1872–1947)
11 February 1922 16 November 1930 8 سنة, 278 يوم High Commissioner to Haiti   الولايات المتحدة
  Dana Gardner Munro
(1892–1990)
16 November 1930 14 September 1932 1 سنة, 303 يوم Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary   الولايات المتحدة
  Norman Armour
(1887–1982)
7 November 1932 4 March 1933 117 يوم Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary   الولايات المتحدة
11 April 1933 21 March 1935 1 سنة, 344 يوم
  George A. Gordon
(1885–1959)
6 September 1935 21 July 1937 1 سنة, 318 يوم Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary   الولايات المتحدة
Operation Uphold Democracy
  Hugh Shelton
(born 1942)
19 September 1994 25 October 1994 36 يوم Commander of the Multinational Forces Haiti (MNF)   الولايات المتحدة
  David C. Meade
(born 1941?)
25 October 1994 14 January 1995 81 يوم Commander of the Multinational Forces Haiti (MNF)   الولايات المتحدة
  George A. Fisher Jr.
(born 1942)
14 January 1995 31 March 1995 76 يوم Commander of the Multinational Forces Haiti (MNF)   الولايات المتحدة
  Joseph W. Kinzer
(born 1939)
31 March 1995 5 March 1996 340 يوم Commander of the United Nations Mission in Haiti Force (UNMIH)   الولايات المتحدة
  J. R. Pierre Daigle
(born 1950)
5 March 1996 30 June 1997 1 سنة, 117 يوم Commander of the United Nations Mission in Haiti Force (UNMIH)   كندا
  Robin Gagnon
(born 1950)
1 August 1997 30 November 1997 121 يوم Commander of the United Nations Mission in Haiti Force (UNMIH)   كندا
2004 Haitian coup d'état
  Ronald S. Coleman
(born 1948)
29 February 2004 1 June 2004 93 يوم Commanding General, Combined Joint Task Force Haiti and Commander of the Multinational Interim Force in Haiti (MIF)   الولايات المتحدة
  Augusto Heleno
(born 1947)
1 June 2004 1 September 2005 1 سنة, 92 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  Urano Teixeira da Matta Bacellar
(1947–2006)
1 September 2005 7 January 2006 128 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  Eduardo Aldunate Herman
(born 1948)
Interim
7 January 2006 20 January 2006 13 يوم Interim Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   تشيلي
  José Elito Carvalho de Siqueira
(born 1946)
20 January 2006 9 January 2007 354 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  Carlos Alberto Dos Santos Cruz
(born 1952)
9 January 2007 9 April 2009 2 سنة, 90 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  Floriano Peixoto Vieira Neto
(born 1954)
9 April 2009 11 April 2010 1 سنة, 2 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  Luiz Guilherme Paul Cruz
(born 1957)
11 April 2010 30 March 2011 353 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  Luiz Eduardo Ramos Pereira
(born 1956)
30 March 2011 27 March 2012 363 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  Fernando Rodrigues Goulart
(born 1958)
27 March 2012 27 March 2013
Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  Edson Leal Pujol
(born 1955)
27 March 2013 15 March 2014 353 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  José Luiz Jaborandy Jr.
(1958–2015)
15 March 2014 30 August 2015 1 سنة, 168 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
  Jorge Peña Leiva
(born 1961)
Acting
4 September 2015 13 October 2015 39 يوم Acting Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   تشيلي
  Ajax Porto Pinheiro
(born 1956)
13 October 2015 15 October 2017 2 سنة, 2 يوم Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)   البرازيل
2010 Haiti earthquake
  P. K. "Ken" Keen
(born ح. 1953)
14 January 2010 18 April 2010 94 يوم Commander of the Joint Task Force for Haiti (JTF–H)   الولايات المتحدة
  Simeon G. Trombitas
(born 1948)
18 April 2010 1 June 2010 44 يوم Commander of the Joint Task Force for Haiti (JTF–H)   الولايات المتحدة

ملاحظات

  1. ^ Rule limited to the northern State of Haiti
  2. ^ Rule limited to the northern Kingdom of Haiti
  3. ^ Rule limited to the southern Republic of Haiti
  4. ^ United the northern Kingdom and the southern Republic in 1820
  5. ^ Great-Grandson of Jean-Jacques Dessalines (Emperor of Haiti 1804–1806)
  6. ^ Son of Tirésias Simon Sam (President of Haiti 1896–1902). Also the inspiration for Eugene O'Neill's The Emperor Jones
  7. ^ أ ب ت Served under the United States occupation
  8. ^ Served under the United States occupation until 1934
  9. ^ Deposed in the Anti-Duvalier protest movement
  10. ^ Deposed in the June 1988 coup d'état
  11. ^ Deposed in the September 1988 coup d'état
  12. ^ Deposed in the 1991 coup d'état
  13. ^ De facto leader of Haiti (29 September 1991 – 12 October 1994)
  14. ^ In exile, but recognized in Haiti
  15. ^ Served under the United States occupation until 1995
  16. ^ Deposed in the 2004 coup d'état
  17. ^ Until November 2009
  18. ^ Presidential term expired on 14 June 2016

أنظر أيضاً

الكلمات الدالة: