عطيل

عطيل (full title: The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice) is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare, probably in 1603, set in the contemporary Ottoman–Venetian War (1570–1573) fought for the control of the Island of Cyprus, a possession of the Venetian Republic since 1489. The port city of Famagusta finally fell to the Ottomans in 1571 after a protracted siege. The story revolves around two characters, Othello and Iago. Othello is a Moorish military commander who was serving as a general of the Venetian army in defence of Cyprus against invasion by Ottoman Turks. He has recently married Desdemona, a beautiful and wealthy Venetian lady much younger than himself, against the wishes of her father. Iago is Othello's malevolent ensign, who maliciously stokes his master's jealousy until the usually stoic Moor kills his beloved wife in a fit of blind rage. Due to its enduring themes of passion, jealousy, and race, Othello is still topical and popular and is widely performed, with numerous adaptations.

Ira Aldridge as Othello, Henry Perronet Briggs (c. 1830)

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الشخصيات

  • Othello – General in the Venetian military, a noble Moor
  • Desdemona – Othello's wife; daughter of Brabantio
  • Iago – Othello's trusted, but jealous and traitorous ensign
  • Cassio – Othello's loyal and most beloved captain
  • Emilia – Iago's wife and Desdemona's maidservant
  • Bianca – Cassio's lover
  • Brabantio – Venetian senator and Desdemona's father (can also be called Brabanzio)
  • Roderigo – dissolute Venetian, in love with Desdemona
  • Duke of Venice
  • Gratiano – Brabantio's brother
  • Lodovico – Brabantio's kinsman and Desdemona's cousin
  • Montano – Othello's Venetian predecessor in the government of Cyprus
  • Clown – servant
  • Senators
  • Sailor
  • Officers, Gentlemen, Messenger, Herald, Attendants, Musicians, etc.


الحبكة

 
Desdemona and Othello, by Antonio Muñoz Degrain, 1880
 
Othello costume. Illustration by Percy Anderson for Costume Fanciful, Historical and Theatrical, 1906

الاقتباسات والإشارات الثقافية

Othello as a literary character has appeared in many representations within popular culture over several centuries. There also have been over a dozen film adaptations of Othello.

المراجع

وصلات خارجية

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Othello (Shakespeare)


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قالب:Othello قالب:TonyAward Revival

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