جامعة پردو

(تم التحويل من جامعة پوردو)

جامعة پردو هي جامعة عامة ممنوحة الأرض وجامعة بحثية تقع في وست لافايت، والحرم الجامعي الرئيسي لنظام جامعة پردو.[6] تأسست الجامعة عام 1869 بعد أن تبرع رجل الأعمال في لافايت،إنديانا جون پردو بالأرض والمال لبناء كلية للعلوم والتكنولوجيا والزراعة تحمل اسمه.[7] بدأت أولى المحاضرات في 16 سبتمبر عام 1874، وضمت حينها 6 أساتذة و39 طالب.[7]

جامعة پردو
Purdue University seal.svg
النوعجامعة عامة، حرم جامعي رئيسي، جامعة ممنوحة الأرض، جامعة بحثية
تأسست6 مايو 1869; منذ 153 سنة (1869-05-06
المؤسسجون پردو
المؤسسة الأمنظام جامعة پردو
الارتباط الأكاديميإتحاد الجامعات الأمريكية
اتحاد بحوث الجامعات
جامعة الشرق الأوسط الأمريكية
قوانين موريل لمنح الأراضي
برنامج الكلية الوطنية للمنحة البحرية
برنامج الزمالة والكلية الوطنية للفضاء
الوقف$2.59 مليار(2020)[1]
الميزانية$2.5 مليار (2020–21)[2]
الرئيسميتش دانيالز
Provostجاي أكريدج
الطاقم الأكاديمي3,055 (خريف 2014)[3]
الطلبة49,639 (خريف 2021)[4]
طلاب نحو البكالوريوس37,101 (خريف 2021)[4]
دارسون بعد التخرج12,538 (خريف 2021)[4]
الموقعوست لافاييت، إنديانا، الولايات المتحدة
40°25′26″N 86°55′44″W / 40.424°N 86.929°W / 40.424; -86.929Coordinates: 40°25′26″N 86°55′44″W / 40.424°N 86.929°W / 40.424; -86.929
الحرممدينة صغيرة: 2,602 أكرs (10.53 kم2)
plus 15,325 أكرs (62.02 kم2) للبحث الزراعي والصناعي [3]
الألوانذهبي عتيق وأسود[5]
         
الكنيةقاطرات
جالب الحظأخصائي صناعة الغلايات
پردو پيت
Sporting affiliations
الاتحاد الوطني لألعاب القوى الجماعية القسم الأولمؤتمر العشرة الكبار
الموقع الإلكترونيpurdue.edu
Purdue University Signature Logo.svg

يقدم الحرم الجامعي في ويست لافايت أكثر من 200 تخصص للطلاب الجامعيين، وأكثر من 70 برنامج لدرجتي الماجستير والدكتوراه، بالإضافة إلى درجات مهنية في الصيدلة والطب البيطري.وعلاوة على ذلك، فجامعة بردو لديها 18 فريق رياضي وأكثر من 900 منظمة طلابية. وحاليا أصبحت جامعة بردو عضوا في مؤتمر العشرة الكبار، كما تحل في المركز الثاني من حيث عدد طلاب الجامعة على مستوى ولاية إنديانا وكذلك تحل في المرتبة التاسعة من حيث عدد الطلاب الدوليين في أي جامعة على مستوى الولايات المتحدة.[8]

جامعة پردو عضوة في إتحاد الجامعات الأمريكية] وهيمصنفة في قائمة "R1: جامعات الدكتوراه - نشاط بحثي مرتفع للغاية".[9] لقد وصل الطلاب والخريجين وغيرهم من أعضاء هيئة التدريس بجامعة پردو إلى العديد من المناصب البارزة والمؤثرة في مجال الأعمال والإعلام والسياسة والعلوم. فاز 13 شخص ينتصب إلى پردو إلى بجائزة نوبل، كما فاز أحد المنتسبين إليها بجائزة تورنگ كما فاز أثنين أخرين بجائزة الغذاء العالمية، وفاز أحد المنتسبين إليها بجائزة پولتسر، وفاز 18 شخص منتسب إليها بميداليات الأولمبية، بالإضافةإلى 3 حاصلين على الميدالية الوطنية للتكنولوجيا والابتكار، وفاز أثنين بالميدالية الوطنية للعلوم، و3 أخرين بالميدالية الرئاسية للحرية، وأصبح 7 من مرتاديها أعضاء في كونگرس الولايات المتحدة، وأصبح 3 ممن ارتادوها محافظين، وحكام ولايات.[10][11] هناك 400,000 خريج من پردو على قيد الحياة، منهم 25 رائد فضاء و6 يشغلون مناصب رؤساء تنفيذيين في فورتشن 500 وحصل 2 منهم على منحة رودس و4 على منحة ترومان و3 على منحة گيتس.[12][13][14][15][16][17]

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التاريخ

 
John Purdue, the university's eponymous benefactor

في عام 1865، قامت الجمعية العامة لولاية إنديانا بالتصويت لصالح الاستفادة من قانون الكليات ممنوحة الأراضي لعام 186 وبدأت في خطط لإنشاء مؤسسة تركز على الزراعة والهندسة. قدمت المجتمعات في جميع أنحاء الولاية التسهيلات والتمويل في العطاءات الخاصة بموقع الكلية الجديدة. تضمنت المقترحات الشعبية إضافة قسم الزراعة في جامعة ولاية إنديانا، في ما يعرف الآن بجامعة بتلر. بحلول عام 1869، تضمن عرض مقاطعة تيپكانوي (إنديانا) 150000 دولار أمريكي (ما يعادل 2.6 مليون دولار أمريكي في (2018) من شركة لافاييتالتجارية الرائدة و فاعل خير جون پردو؛ 50000 دولار من المقاطعة؛ و100 أكرs (0.4 kم2) من الأراضي من السكان المحليين.

في 6 مايو 1869، أنشأت الجمعية العامة المؤسسة في مقاطعة تيپكانوي باسم جامعة پردو، باسم المتبرع الرئيسي. بدأت الفصول في پردو في 16 سبتمبر 1874 بستة مدربين و 39 طالبًا.[7] كان الأستاذ جون هوگام أول عضو هيئة تدريس في جامعة پردو وعمل كرئيس بالنيابة بين إدارات الرؤساء شورتريدج ووايت.[7][18] تم إتمام بناء حرم جامعي مكون من خمسة مباني بحلول نهاية عام 1874.[19] في عام 1875، تم تعيين سارة أورن، أمينة مكتبة ولاية إنديانا، استاذة لعلم النبات.[20]

أصدرت جامعة پردو درجتها الأولى، وهي بكالوريوس العلوم في الكيمياء، في عام 1875، وقبلت أول طالبات الخريف.[21][22]

اتبع إيمرسون إي وايت، رئيس الجامعة، من 1876 إلى 1883، تفسيرًا صارمًا لقانون موريل. بدلاً من محاكاة الجامعات الكلاسيكية، اعتقد وايت أن پردو يجب أن تكون "كلية صناعية" وتكرس مواردها لتوفير تعليم ليبرالي واسع مع التركيز على العلوم والتكنولوجيا والزراعة. لم يقصد فقط إعداد الطلاب للعمل الصناعي، ولكن أيضًا لإعدادهم ليكونوا مواطنين صالحين وأفراد عائلاتهم.[23]

تضمن جزء من خطة وايت للتمييز بين جامعة پردو والجامعات الكلاسيكية محاولة مثيرة للجدل لحظر الأخويات، والتي ألغتها في النهاية محكمة إنديانا العليا، مما أدى إلى استقالة وايت.[24] اشتهر الرئيس التالي، جيمس إتش. سمارت بمطالبته عام 1894 بإعادة بناء قاعة هاڤيلون بسور أعلى بعد أن دمرتها حريق.[25]

بحلول نهاية القرن التاسع عشر، تم تنظيم الجامعة في مدارس الزراعة والهندسة (الميكانيكية والمدنية والكهربائية) والصيدلة. وكان الرئيس الأمريكي السابق بنجامين هاريسون ضمن مجلس الأمناء.[26] تضمنت مختبرات پردو الهندسية مرافق اختبار لقاطرة، ومحرك كورليس البخاري - أحد أكثر المحركات كفاءة في ذلك الوقت. شاركت كلية الزراعة أبحاثها مع المزارعين في جميع أنحاء الولاية، مع خدمات الإرشاد التعاوني، وستخضع لفترة من النمو على مدى العقدين التاليين. سرعان ما تم إنشاء برامج في التعليم والاقتصاد المنزلي، بالإضافة إلى مدرسة الطب قصيرة العمر. بحلول عام 1925، كان لدى پردو أكبر عدد من الطلاب المسجلين في الهندسة الجامعية في البلاد، وهي مكانة احتفظت بها لمدة نصف قرن.[27]

Purdue University, 1904

أشرف الرئيس إدوارد سي: إليوت على برنامج بناء الحرم الجامعي في فترة ما بينالحربين العالميتين. قام المخترع والخريج والوصي داڤيد إي روس بتنسيق العديد من عمليات جمع التبرعات، وتبرع بالأراضي للجامعة، وكان له دور أساسي في إنشاء مؤسسة پردو للأبحاث. دعمت هدايا روس وجمع التبرعات مشاريع مثل ملعب روس آدي، و الاتحاد التذكاري، ومعسكر مسح الهندسة المدنية، و مطار جامعة پردو. كان مطار پردوهو أول مطار مملوك لجامعة في البلاد وموقعًا لأول دورات تدريبية على الطيران بائتمان جامعي في البلاد.[28]

انضمت أميليا إيرهارت إلى هيئة التدريس في جامعة پردو في عام 1935 كمستشارة لدورات الطيران وكمستشارة في وظائف المرأة. في عام 1937، قدمت مؤسسة پردو للأبحاث الأموال لطائرة لوكهيد الكترا موديل 10 وطارت إيرهارت في محاولة القيام برحلة حول العالم.

 
University Hall

شاركت كل مدرسة وقسم في الجامعة في نوع من البحث أو التدريب العسكري أثناء الحرب العالمية الثانية.[29] خلال مشروع على مستقبلات الرادار، اكتشف علماء فيزياء پردو خصائص الجرمانيوم التي أدت إلى صنع أول مقحل.[30][31] أجرى الجيش والبحرية برامج تدريبية في پردو وخدم أكثر من 17500 طالب وموظف وخريج في القوات المسلحة.[32] أنشأت پردو حوالي مائة مركز في جميع أنحاء ولاية إنديانا لتدريب العمال المهرة على الصناعات الدفاعية.[33] كما عاد المحاربون القدامى إلى الجامعة تحت قانون تعديل العسكريين لعام 1944، تم تدريس فصول السنة الأولى في بعض هذه المواقع لتخفيف الطلب على مساحة الحرم الجامعي. أربعة من هذه المواقع هي الآن عبارة عن حرم جامعي إقليمي لمنح [[نظام جامعة پردو]. أصبح السكن داخل الحرم الجامعي مفصولًا عنصريًا في عام 1947، بعد ضغوط من رئيس جامعة بيردو فريدريك ل.هوڤدي وحاكم إنديانا رالف ف.گاتس.[34][35]

بعد الحرب، عمل هوڤدي على توسيع مجال الفرص الأكاديمية في الجامعة. ركز برنامج البناء الذي امتد لعقد من الزمان على العلم والبحث. في أواخر الخمسينيات وأوائل الستينيات من القرن الماضي، أنشأت الجامعة برامج في الطب البيطري والإدارة الصناعية والتمريض، بالإضافة إلى أول قسم لعلوم الكمبيوتر في الولايات المتحدة.[36] تم تعزيز دورات العلوم الإنسانية للطلاب الجامعيين، على الرغم من أن هوڤدي وافق فقط على مضض على الدراسة على مستوى الدراسات العليا في هذه المجالات. منحت جامعة پردو أول درجة بكالوريوس في الآداب عام 1960.[37] سرعان ما تم تقسيم برامج الفنون الحرة والتعليم، التي كانت تدار من قبل كلية العلوم ، إلى مدرسة مستقلة.

تم تدشين الختم الرسمي لپردو رسميًا خلال الذكرى المئوية للجامعة في عام 1969. يتكون الختم الحالي من عناصر من الشعارات التي تم استخدامها بشكل غير رسمي منذ تسعينيات القرن التاسع عشر، ويصور الختم الحالي كائن الفتخاء الأسطوري، الذي يرمز إلى القوة، ودرعًا من ثلاثة أجزاء، تمثل التعليم والبحث والخدمة.[38]

في السنوات الأخيرة، واصل قادة جامعة پردو دعم أبحاث التكنولوجيا الفائقة والبرامج الدولية. في عام 1987، قام الرئيس الأمريكي رونالد ريگان بزيارة حرم جامعة ويست لافايت لإلقاء خطاب حول تأثير التقدم التكنولوجي على خلق فرص العمل.[39]

في التسعينيات، أضافت الجامعة المزيد من الفرص للدراسة في الخارج ووسعت دوراتها المقدمة في لغات وثقافات العالم.[40] تم تخصيص المباني الأولى لمركز الأبحاث متعدد التخصصات ديسكفري بارك في عام 2004.[41]

أطلق پردو معهد أبحاث السياسات العالمية في عام 2010 لاستكشاف التأثير المحتمل للمعرفة التقنية على قرارات السياسة العامة.[42]

في 27 أبريل 2017، أعلنت جامعة پردو عن خطط للحصول على جامعة كابلان الهادفة للربح وتحويلها إلى جامعة عامة في ولاية إنديانا، وفقًا لمستويات متعددة من الموافقة.[43] تعمل هذه المدرسة الآن باسم جامعة پردو العالمية، وتهدف إلى خدمة المتعلمين البالغين.[44]


حرم الجامعة

يقع حرم جامعة پردو في مدينة وست لافايت الصغيرة، بالقرب من الضفة الغربية لنهر واباش، والتي تقع في مدينة لافايت. شارع ستات، المتقاطغ مع طريق ستات 26، يقسم الأجزاء الشمالية والجنوبية من الحرم الجامعي. تتركز المباني الأكاديمية في الغالب في الأجزاء الشرقية والجنوبية من الحرم الجامعي، مع قاعات إقامة وملاعب داخلية إلى الغرب، ومرافق رياضية في الشمال. تدير شركة لافايت العامة للنقل العام (سيتي باص) ثمانية خطوط حافلات دائرية داخل الحرم الجامعي حيث يمكن للطلاب وأعضاء هيئة التدريس والموظفين الركوب مجانًا باستخدام بطاقة تعريف پردو.

مركز پردو

 
Purdue University Mall

يعد پردو هو المجمع المركزي لجامعة پردو وقد تم إنشاؤه لربط الحرم الأكاديمي باستاد روس-إد. يُعرف أيضًا باسم المجمع الهندسي نظرًا لقربه من العديد من المباني الهندسية. الميزة الأبرز لمركز بوردو التجاري هي النافورة الهندسية الخرسانية التي يبلغ طولها 38-قدم (12 م)، وتضم أيضًا فريدريك إل هوفدي قاعة الإدارة، التي تضم مكتب رئيس الجامعة، ميتشل إي دانيلز.

يقع برج جرس پردو بين الاستاد ومراكز التسوق المئوية. يعتبر برج الجرس رمزًا للجامعة ويمكن العثور عليه في العديد من شعارات بوردو وشعارات مدن لافايت ووست لافايت.


تقع ج قاعة إدوارد سي إليوت للموسيقى نوب غرب مركز الملعب، وهي واحدة من أكبر [[پروسنيوم (قوس المسرح) |مسارح پروسسنيوم]] في العالم.[45] تعتبر قاعة إليوت للموسيقى كمنزل ل فرقة پردو المسيرة "أول أمريكان" ، وفرق بيرديو وأوركسترا، واستوديو دبليو بي أيه أيه. غالبًا ما تدعو لجنة حفلات الطلاب في جامعة پردو الفنانين المشهورين إلى الأداء هناك أمام جمهور من الطلاب وأعضاء هيئة التدريس والجمهور.

يقع غرب قاعة إليوت للموسيقى مبنى مخزن الأسلحة. أعيد بناء مبنى أرموري في عام 1918 بعد حريق ويضم برامج تدريب ضباط الاحتياط بالجامعة ونوادي أخرى.[46] في مارس 2019، وصف رئيس الجامعة ميتش دانيلز (نيل ألدن أرمسترونگ) اقتراحًا لإعادة توظيف مبنى أرموري، مما يشير إلى أنه يمكن استخدام المساحة لتناول الطعام في السكن أو البيع بالتجزئة أو الفصول الدراسية، لكنه قال لاحقًا إنه لن يتم إجراء أي تغييرات.[47][48]

المركز التذكاري

 
Purdue Memorial Union
 
Union Club.

يعد المركز التذكاري لپردو، الواقع جنوب مركز پردو، الجزء الأصلي من الحرم الجامعي. يحيط بمكان اجتماع شهير للطلاب، المركز التذكاري العشبي المفتوح مركز ستيوارت، ومختبر وذريل للكيمياء، وقاعة ستانلي كولتر، وقاعة محاضرات الفصل 1950، ومبنى التلاوة، وقاعة الجامعة، وقاعة الحجر. كما يتميز المركز التذكاري بممر هالو واك.

بالقرب من هذا القسم من الحرم الجامعي، توجد قاعة فليكس هاس، التي تم تشييدها في عام 1909 كقاعة تذكارية للألعاب الرياضية تخليدًا لذكرى 17 من لاعبي كرة القدم والمدربين والخريجين والمشجعين في جامعة پردو الذين لقوا حتفهم تحت حطام پردو في حادث السكة الحديد في 31 أكتوبر 1903. تم تجديد المبنى في عام 1985 ليضم قسم علوم الكمبيوتر. في عام 2006، أعيدت تسميته تكريمًا لرئيس الجامعة المتقاعد فيليكس هاس وبدأ أيضا يضم قسم الإحصاء. يوجد شرق المركز التذكاري اتحاد بوردو التذكاري ومبنى اتحاد الطلاب وفندق يونيون كلوب المجاور. قاعة الجامعة هي المبنى الوحيد المتبقي من الحرم الجامعي الأصلي المكون من ستة مبانٍ. بدأ البناء في عام 1871 ، عندما عُرف المبنى باسم "المبنى الرئيسي". تم تخصيص المبنى في عام 1877 وتكلف المشروع 35000 دولار لإكماله. كانت قاعة الجامعة تضم في الأصل مكتب الرئيس وكنيسة صغيرة وغرفًا دراسية، ولكن تم إعادة تشكيلها في عام 1961 لتضم فقط قسم التاريخ والفصول الدراسية التي تستخدمها مدرسة الفنون الليبرالية. بناء على طلب جون پردو ، تم دفنه في المركز التذكاري، مباشرة مقابل المدخل الرئيسي لقاعة الجامعة.[49]

الحرم الجنوبي

 
Horticulture Gardens

تعد المنطقة الواقعة جنوب شارع ستات موطنًا لمباني پردو الزراعية والفنون الجميلة وعلوم الحياة والمباني البيطرية. تضم هذه المنطقة أيضًا مدرسة كرانرت للإدارة، وحدائق دراسة الأشجار، ومتنزه ديسكڤري، وقاعة لاليز بورتر ومطار پردو. وجاءت مدرسة كرانرت للإدارة ضمن التصنيف الوطني والعالمي لكل من برامج شهادات البكالريوس والدراسات العليا. توفر مدرسة كرانرت وقاعة راولز أحدث مرافق التعلم لغالبية فصول الأعمال في الحرم الجامعي. تم بناءقاعة راولز في عام 2006 من خلال هبة بقيمة 10 ملايين دولار قدمها جري راولز، وهي أكبر هبة قُدمت في تاريخ مدرسة الإدارة.

تضم قاعى لاليز پورتر مرافق رعاية صحية متعددة التخصصات ومساحات للفصول الدراسية داخل كلية الصحة والعلوم الإنسانية وكذلك كلية الطب. بشكل جماعي، يرى الطلاب وأعضاء هيئة التدريس السريرية في التمريض والصحة وعلم الحركة وعلوم التغذية والعلوم النفسية وعلوم النطق واللغة والسمع ما يقرب من 3000 مريض سنويًا في مرفق الرعاية الصحية الحديث متعدد التخصصات. يضم المبنى عيادة تمريض، وقسم خاص بمرحلة ما قبل المدرسة، ومركز تمارين، ومساحة استشارية، ومطبخ إرشادي لأخصائيي التغذية في التدريب ، ومرفق علم النفس الإكلينيكي، وعيادات السمع وأمراض النطق واللغة، ومختبر تشريح للأطباء في التدريب، ومختبرات بحثية.

كان مطار جامعة پردو، الذي افتتح في عام 1930، الأول من نوعه ويظل واحدًا من المطارات القليلة المملوكة للجامعات في البلاد. بما في ذلك مبنى نيسونگر لتكنولوجيا الطيرا، الذي تم تخصيصه في عام 2009، يرمز المرفق إلى علاقة پردو التاريخية مع الطيران.

الحرم الغربي

يتكون القسم الغربي من الحرم الجامعي من سكن الطلاب، وقاعة للطعام، ومرافق الاستجمام. يمكن للطلاب لعب ألعاب النوادي ووالألعاب الرياضية الداخلية في مركز كوردوڤا للرياضات الترفيهية، ومركز مورگان ج. بورك للألعاب المائية (المسمى على اسم مدرب پردو للسباحة والغوص للرجال ونائب الرئيس ومدير ألعاب القوى لحقبة من الزمن)، وملاعب اللعب الجماعية في هذه المنطقة. تم بناء مركز كوردوڤا للرياضات الترفيهية في عام 1957، وهو أول مبنى في الدولة يتم إنشاءه لخدمة الاحتياجات الترفيهية لطلاب الجامعات فقط. كبديل لصالات الألعاب الرياضية سابقًا المنفصلة الخاصة بالنساء والرجال، كانت تسمى في الأصل "صالة الألعاب الرياضية الترفيهية المشتركة".[50] برغم التوسعات العدة وتغيير الأسماء، فمازالوا يطلقون عليها اسم "ذا كو-رك" منذ ذلك الحين.[51]

شارع الملعب

يقع جزء كبير من الجزء الشمالي من الحرم الجامعي على أرض اشتراها الصناعي داڤيد إي روس والكاتب والفكاهي جورج أدي للجامعة في عشرينيات القرن الماضي. توجد العديد من المرافق الرياضية في پردو، بما في ذلك ملعب روس آدي (كرة القدم الأمريكية) وإستاد ماكي (كرة السلة) ولامبرت فيلدهاوس (ألعاب المضمار والميدان الداخلية). تشمل هذه المنطقة أيضًا مركز سلايتر للفنون التمثيلية وباحة كاري، وهي واحدة من أكبر الوحدات السكنية للذكور فقط في البلاد.[52]

روس هو واحد من ثلاثة أشخاص دفنوا في حرم جامعة پردو، والآخرون هم جون پردو والسيدة الأولى السابقة في پردو، جين بيرينگ. تقع مواقع قبور روس وبيرينگ في حديقة على قمة تل سلايتر غرب نصب سلايتر. سينضم زوج بيرينگ، رئيس پردوالسابق ستڤن بيرينگ، إليها في النهاية على قمة التل.[53] يقع ملعب بيسبول ألكسندر فيلد وغيره من المرافق الرياضية على بعد ميل واحد إلى الغرب من الاستاد، في أحدث مجمع رياضي شمال غربي.

Organization and administration

 
Purdue University Arch

The university president, appointed by the board of trustees, is the chief administrative officer of the university. The office of the president oversees admission and registration, student conduct and counseling, the administration and scheduling of classes and space, the administration of student athletics and organized extracurricular activities, the libraries, the appointment of the faculty and conditions of their employment, the appointment of all non-faculty employees and the conditions of employment, the general organization of the university, and the planning and administration of the university budget.

The Board of Trustees directly appoints other major officers of the university including a provost who serves as the chief academic officer for the university, several vice presidents with oversight over specific university operations, and the regional campus chancellors.[بحاجة لمصدر]

Academic divisions

Purdue is organized into thirteen major academic divisions.


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College of Agriculture

The university's College of Agriculture supports the university's agricultural, food, life, and natural resource science programs. The college also supports the university's charge as a land-grant university to support agriculture throughout the state; its agricultural extension program plays a key role in this.

College of Education

The College of Education offers undergraduate degrees in elementary education, social studies education, and special education, and graduate degrees in these and many other specialty areas of education.[54] It has two departments: (a) Curriculum and Instruction and (b) Educational Studies.

College of Engineering

The Purdue University College of Engineering was established in 1874 with programs in Civil and Mechanical Engineering. The college now offers B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees in more than a dozen disciplines.[55] Purdue's engineering program has also educated 24 of America's astronauts, including Neil Armstrong and Eugene Cernan who were the first and last astronauts to have walked on the Moon, respectively, and Gus Grissom, a member of the Mercury Seven.[56] Many of Purdue's engineering disciplines are recognized as top-ten programs in the U.S.[57] The college as a whole is currently ranked 4th in the U.S. of all doctorate-granting engineering schools by U.S. News & World Report.[58]

 
Cassier's Magazine featured the Purdue University in its August 1892 edition. Here is a look into the Mechanical Laboratory.

Exploratory Studies

The university's Exploratory Studies program supports undergraduate students who enter the university without having a declared major. It was founded as a pilot program in 1995 and made a permanent program in 1999.[59]

College of Health and Human Sciences

The College of Health and Human Sciences was established in 2010 and is the newest college. It offers B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in all 10 of its academic units.

College of Liberal Arts

Purdue's College of Liberal Arts contains the arts, social sciences and humanities programs at the university. Liberal arts courses have been taught at Purdue since its founding in 1874. The School of Science, Education, and Humanities was formed in 1953. In 1963, the School of Humanities, Social Sciences, and Education was established, although Bachelor of Arts degrees had begun to be conferred as early as 1959. In 1989, the School of Liberal Arts was created to encompass Purdue's arts, humanities, and social sciences programs, while education programs were split off into the newly formed School of Education. The School of Liberal Arts was renamed the College of Liberal Arts in 2005.

Krannert School of Management

The Krannert School of Management offers management courses and programs at the undergraduate, master's, and doctoral levels.[60]

College of Pharmacy

The university's College of Pharmacy was established in 1884 and is the 3rd oldest state-funded school of pharmacy in the United States.[61] The school offers two undergraduate programs leading to the B.S. in Pharmaceutical Sciences (BSPS) and the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) professional degree. Graduate programs leading to M.S. and Ph.D. degrees are offered in three departments (Industrial and Physical Pharmacy, Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, and Pharmacy Practice). Additionally, the school offers several non-degree certificate programs and post-graduate continuing education activities.[62]

Purdue Polytechnic Institute

The Purdue Polytechnic Institute offers bachelor's, master's and Ph.D. degrees in a wide range of technology-related disciplines. With over 30,000 living alumni, it is one of the largest technology schools in the United States.

College of Science

The university's College of Science houses the university's science departments: Biological Sciences; Chemistry; Computer Science; Earth, Atmospheric, & Planetary Sciences; Mathematics; Physics & Astronomy; and Statistics. The science courses offered by the college account for about one-fourth of Purdue's one million student credit hours.[63]

College of Veterinary Medicine

The College of Veterinary Medicine is accredited by the AVMA to offer the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree, associate's and bachelor's degrees in veterinary technology, master's and Ph.D. degrees, and residency programs leading to specialty board certification. Within the state of Indiana, the Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine is the only veterinary school, while the Indiana University School of Medicine is one of only two medical schools (the other being Marian University College of Osteopathic Medicine). The two schools frequently collaborate on medical research projects.

Honors College

Purdue's Honors College supports an honors program for undergraduate students at the university.


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The Graduate School

The university's Graduate School supports graduate students at the university.

Academics

Degree programs

College/school founding
College/school
Year founded

College of Agriculture
1869
College of Education
1908
College of Engineering
1876
College of Health and Human Sciences
2010
College of Liberal Arts
1953
Krannert School of Management
1962
College of Pharmacy
1884
Purdue Polytechnic Institute
1964
College of Science
1907
College of Veterinary Medicine
1959

Purdue offers both undergraduate and graduate programs in over 211 major areas of study, and is well known for its competitive engineering curricula. The university has also been integral in America's history of aviation, having established the first college credit offered in flight training; the first four-year bachelor's degree in aviation; and the first university airport: Purdue University Airport. Purdue's aviation technology and aeronautical engineering programs remain among the most competitive aviation-specific programs in the world.[64] In the mid-20th century, Purdue's aviation program expanded to encompass advanced spaceflight technology, giving rise to Purdue's nicknames Cradle of Astronauts[65] and Mother of Astronauts.[66] 23 Purdue graduates have become astronauts, including Gus Grissom, one of the original Mercury Seven astronauts; Neil Armstrong, who was the first person to walk on the moon; and Eugene Cernan, who was the last person to walk on the moon.[67]

The English department at Purdue launched the first Online Writing Lab (OWL), in 1994.[68][69] Many colleges and universities use the Purdue OWL website as an academic writing reference source for proper word usage, punctuation, grammar, and style.[بحاجة لمصدر]

Purdue is organized into 10 colleges and schools. On July 1, 2010, the College of Health and Human Sciences was formed, through combining existing academic units, including the School of Nursing, the School of Health Sciences, the College of Consumer and Family Sciences, and non-humanities majors psychology and hearing and speech pathology from the College of Liberal Arts.[70]

Purdue Online

Through Purdue Online, the administrative unit charged with planning and enabling the effort, Purdue has a growing online presence, in addition to Purdue Global, offering more than 200 programs through the university's four accredited institutions (Purdue West Lafayette, Purdue Northwest and Purdue Fort Wayne in Indiana and Purdue Global) including master's degree programs.[71] Purdue Online, the unified online education initiative approved by Purdue President Mitch Daniels and the Purdue Board of Trustees in December 2018, is intended to radically expand these offerings by developing a "coordinated, unified system-wide portfolio of online course and degree offerings for students of all types."[72]

Research

The university expended $622.814 million in support of research system-wide in 2017, using funds received from the state and federal governments, industry, foundations, and individual donors. The faculty and more than 400 research laboratories put Purdue University among the leading research institutions.[73] Purdue University is considered by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education to have "very high research activity".[74] Purdue also was rated the nation's fourth best place to work in academia, according to rankings released in November 2007 by The Scientist magazine.[75] Purdue's researchers provide insight, knowledge, assistance, and solutions in many crucial areas. These include, but are not limited to Agriculture; Business and Economy; Education; Engineering; Environment; Healthcare; Individuals, Society, Culture; Manufacturing; Science; Technology; Veterinary Medicine.[76] The Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP), a global research consortium focused on global economic governance challenges (trade, climate, resource use) is also coordinated by the university. Purdue University generated a record $438 million in sponsored research funding during the 2009–10 fiscal year with participation from National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the U.S. departments of Agriculture, Defense, Energy, and Health and Human Services.[77] Purdue University was ranked fourth in Engineering research expenditures amongst all the colleges in the United States in 2017, with a research expenditure budget of 244.8 million.[78]

Purdue University established the Discovery Park to bring innovation through multidisciplinary action.[79] In all of the eleven centers of Discovery Park, ranging from entrepreneurship to energy and advanced manufacturing, research projects reflect a large economic impact and address global challenges.[80] Purdue University's nanotechnology research program, built around the new Birck Nanotechnology Center in Discovery Park, ranks among the best in the nation.[81]

The Purdue Research Park which opened in 1961[82] was developed by Purdue Research Foundation which is a private, nonprofit foundation created to assist Purdue. The park is focused on companies operating in the arenas of life sciences, homeland security, engineering, advanced manufacturing and information technology.[83] It provides an interactive environment for experienced Purdue researchers and for private business and high-tech industry.[82] It currently employs more than 3,000 people in 155 companies, including 90 technology-based firms.[84] The Purdue Research Park was ranked first by the Association of University Research Parks in 2004.[85]

Purdue's library system consists of fifteen locations throughout the campus, including an archives and special collections research center, an undergraduate library, and several subject-specific libraries. More than three million volumes, including one million electronic books, are held at these locations.[86] The Library houses the Amelia Earhart Collection, a collection of notes and letters belonging to Earhart and her husband George Putnam along with records related to her disappearance and subsequent search efforts.[87] An administrative unit of Purdue University Libraries, Purdue University Press has its roots in the 1960 founding of Purdue University Studies by President Frederick Hovde on a $12,000 grant from the Purdue Research Foundation. This was the result of a committee appointed by President Hovde after the Department of English lamented the lack of publishing venues in the humanities. Since the 1990s, the range of books published by the Press has grown to reflect the work from other colleges at Purdue University especially in the areas of agriculture, health, and engineering. Purdue University Press publishes print and ebook monograph series in a range of subject areas from literary and cultural studies to the study of the human-animal bond. In 1993 Purdue University Press was admitted to membership of the Association of American University Presses. Purdue University Press publishes around 25 books a year and 20 learned journals in print, in print & online, and online-only formats in collaboration with Purdue University Libraries.

Sustainability

Purdue's Sustainability Council, composed of university administrators and professors, meets monthly to discuss environmental issues and sustainability initiatives at Purdue.[88] The university's first LEED Certified building was an addition to the Mechanical Engineering Building, which was completed in Fall 2011.[89] The school is also in the process of developing an arboretum on campus.[90] In addition, a system has been set up to display live data detailing current energy production at the campus utility plant.[90] The school holds an annual "Green Week" each fall, an effort to engage the Purdue community with issues relating to environmental sustainability.[91]

Rankings

ترتيب الجامعة
على المستوى الوطني
ARWU[92] 36
Forbes[93] 118
THE/WSJ[94] 47
U.S. News & World Report[95] 53
Washington Monthly[96] 39
على مستوى العالم
ARWU[97] 79
QS[98] 116
التايمز[99] 94

USNWR Graduate Program Rankings[100]

Audiology 9
Biological Sciences 62
Business 44
Chemistry 24
Computer Science 20
Earth Sciences 41
Economics 49
Education 51
Engineering 4
English 46
Fine Arts 110
History 73
Mathematics 26
Nursing 31
Pharmacy 7
Physics 37
Political Science 63
Psychology 39
Public Health 72
Sociology 54
Speech-Language Pathology 3
Statistics 27
Veterinary Medicine 13

In its 2021 edition, U.S. News & World Report ranked Purdue University the 5th most innovative national university, tied for the 17th best public university in the United States, tied for 53rd overall, and 114th best globally.[101] U.S. News & World Report also rated Purdue tied for 36th in "Best Undergraduate Teaching, 83rd in "Best Value Schools", tied for 284th in "Top Performers on Social Mobility", and the undergraduate engineering program tied for 9th at schools whose highest degree is a doctorate.[101]

Campus life

Student body

 
Graduation Ceremony

8,562 students from 126 different countries around the world attended Purdue University in 2012.[102] In 2012–13, 19,689 out of a total of 39,256 students enrolled were Indiana residents.[102] اعتبارا من 2013, the racial diversity of the US-resident undergraduate student body was 5.7% Asian, 4.4% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.0% black or African American.[103] Of the undergraduate students, 42.6% were female.[104] Domestic minorities constitute a total of 10.8% in the graduate student body population[103] of which 37.3% are female.[104] Twenty-two percent of the student body is international, representing 126 countries.[105] In graduate and professional student population, non-Indiana residents occupy an overwhelming majority, about 75%.[106] Almost all undergraduates and about 70% of the graduate student population attend full-time.[107] The school's selectivity for admissions is "more selective" by USNWR: approximately 49% of applicants are admitted.[108]

Housing

About one-third of the single undergraduate students on the West Lafayette campus live in university-owned buildings. The rest live in fraternities, sororities, cooperatives, or private off-campus housing. There are 11,844 spaces available for undergraduate students, graduate students, and student families who choose to live on campus. Sixteen percent of the undergraduate student body are members of the 40 fraternities and 20 sororities on campus.

 
Cary Quad and Spitzer Court.
 
Loeb Fountain.
 
Class of 1939 Water Sculpture.

Purdue University operates seventeen separate residence halls for its undergraduate and graduate students, including Cary Quadrangle, Earhart Hall, First Street Towers, Harrison Hall, Hawkins Hall, Hillenbrand Hall, Hilltop Apartments, Honors College and Residences, McCutcheon Hall, Meredith Hall, Meredith South Hall, Owen Hall, Purdue Village, Shreve Hall, Tarkington Hall, Griffin Hall, Wiley Hall, and the 5 Windsor Halls: Duhme, Shealy, Warren, Wood, and Vawter.[109] Of the residence halls, Cary, McCutcheon, Wiley, and Tarkington are male-only while Windsor and Meredith Hall are female-only; the rest of them are co-ed.[110]

There are 12 cooperative houses at Purdue (five men's houses and seven women's houses). The men's houses include Circle Pines, Fairway, Marwood, Chauncey, and Gemini. The women's houses include Ann Tweedale, Glenwood, Twin Pines, Maclure, Stewart, Devonshire, and Shoemaker. All cooperative houses are governed under the Purdue Cooperative Council which is led by Purdue University students who live in these houses. The cooperative system allows for a much lower cost of living than other types of housing, averaging $2900 annually with all-inclusive monthly rent ranging from $250-$625 varying by house.[111] The members take an active role in sharing chores and cooking all meals themselves, as opposed to hiring out cleaning and cooking staff.[112]

Purdue University hosts one of the nation's largest Greek community, with approximately 6,000 students participating in one of the roughly 40 men's fraternities or 30 women's sororities.[113] Several of Purdue's most distinguished graduates are members of fraternities and sororities.[112] Purdue's Greek system is very strong and works together in various aspects, including the Inter-Fraternity Council, Panhellenic, and many very successful philanthropies. Every chapter has national philanthropy dedicated to a certain cause that many chapters also participate in. Besides philanthropy, Purdue Greeks are involved all over campus, including College Mentors for Kids, Purdue University Dance Marathon, Boiler Gold Rush, Purdue Student Government, and other activities.

Activities and events

 
President Ronald Reagan visiting Purdue in 1987

Students at Purdue participate in more than 900 student organizations that cover a variety of interests.[114] Some of the notable clubs founded by Purdue students include the Purdue Reamer Club (a school spirit organization that cares for the Boilermaker Special mascot and raises funds for scholarships) and two clubs that eventually became nationwide organizations: the National Society of Black Engineers and the Rube Goldberg Machine Contest.

Several campus-wide programs are planned by the Purdue Alumni Student Experience (part of the Alumni Association), Purdue Student Union Board, Purdue Student Government (PSG), or the Purdue Graduate Student Government (PGSG). PSG and PGSG are made up of representatives from each of the university's academic colleges and give recommendations to the faculty, administration, and sometimes to the state legislature.[115]

Annual campus events include Boiler Gold Rush, Purdue University Dance Marathon, Spring Fest, and Grand Prix. Boiler Gold Rush (BGR) is Purdue's new-student orientation program. BGR, which takes place before each fall semester, was formed to ease the transition to college for incoming students and to help them get acquainted with successful college life. Boiler Gold Rush activities include speaker presentations from various academic, cultural, safety and professional organizations on campus, campus tours led by Team Leaders, academic 'meet the schools' picnic and interest sessions, late-night events at the Purdue Memorial Union, Recreational Sports Center and local stores, and a sports pep rally. Purdue University Dance Marathon (PUDM) is an 18-hour no-sitting, no-sleeping, dance marathon that takes place each fall in the Cordova Recreation center. Each year over 2,000 students participate and the event raises over $1 million annually for Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis. PUDM is also one of the largest collegiate Dance Marathons in the country. Spring Fest is an annual carnival with entertaining exhibits from many academic departments. A highlight of the weekend is the Entomology Department's Bug Bowl, where the sport of cricket spitting was invented in 1997.[116][117] The Purdue Grand Prix, a 50-mile, 160-lap go-kart race is "The Greatest Spectacle in College Racing" and wraps up Gala Week each year. All 33 participating karts are made from scratch by student teams. The event has been raising money for student scholarships since it began in 1958.[118]

Religious life

Purdue has a number of religious organizations on and near the campus. St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic Church serves the Catholic community at Purdue and the surrounding community. The Purdue Hillel Foundation is the university's Jewish campus organization.[119] The non-denominational Christian organization "Campus House" also owns the popular coffeeshop "Greyhouse Coffee".[120]

Media

The Purdue Exponent, an independent student newspaper, has the largest circulation of any Indiana college newspaper, with a daily circulation of 17,500 copies during the spring and fall semesters.[121] From 1889 to 2008 Purdue published a yearbook called the Debris.[122]

WBAA is a professional radio station operation owned by and licensed to Purdue University. The station operates three noncommercial stations: WBAA News, WBAA Classical, and WBAA Jazz. The stations can be heard on AM920, 101.3 FM, and 105.9 FM. WBAA also broadcasts on HD Radio and digital platforms including wbaa.org and the WBAA app. Its studios are in the Edward C. Elliott Hall of Music on the Purdue campus, and the transmitters are in Lafayette, Indiana. WBAA is the longest continuously-operating radio station in Indiana, having been licensed on April 4, 1922. WBAA is a NPR member station.

There are also a few campus radio stations on campus. Currently, three radio stations operate from residence halls, broadcasting via internet only; WCCR from Cary Quadrangle (not to be confused with the current WCCR FM or WCCR-LP stations in other states), WILY from Wiley Hall, and WHHR from Harrison Hall.[123][124][125][126]

W9YB is the callsign of the Amateur Radio Club at Purdue University. W9YB is the longest standing club on campus and also holds the self-declared title of having one of the largest and most active collegiate amateur radio stations in the country. W9YB actively participates in emergency management for the Tippecanoe County area and maintains ready status with its members in skills to assist. W9YB is among the longest standing amateur radio clubs in the United States, with the current callsign dating back to 1932 and the previous callsign 9YB dating back to 1920.[127]

The "Movie Tribute Show" was created in a small television studio (now known as the Erik Mygrant Studio) on campus in 1999.[128]

Athletics

On October 26, 1891, a newspaper in Crawfordsville, Indiana, called Purdue's football team the "Boiler Makers" when writing about their trouncing of Wabash College. Lafayette newspapers soon picked up the name, and in October 1892, The Purdue Exponent, Purdue's student newspaper, gave it the stamp of approval.[129] In the early days of Purdue football, the team was called other names as well, including "haymakers," "railsplitters," "sluggers," and "cornfield sailors." This heritage is reflected in Purdue's official mascot: the Boilermaker Special (a truck-like vehicle that resembles a locomotive) and the athletic mascot Purdue Pete (a muscular hammer-wielding boilermaker). The school colors of old gold and black were selected by Purdue's first football team in 1887 to resemble the orange and black of Princeton's then-successful team.[130] The best known fight song is "Hail Purdue!".

Purdue has one of the few college athletic programs not funded by student fees or subsidized by the university.[131][132] It is home to 18 Division I/I-A NCAA teams including football, basketball, cross country, tennis, wrestling, golf, volleyball, ice hockey (ACHA), and others. Purdue is a founding member of the Big Ten Conference, and played a central role in its creation. Traditional rivals include Big Ten colleagues the Indiana Hoosiers (see Indiana–Purdue rivalry), the Illinois Fighting Illini, and the Notre Dame Fighting Irish from the Atlantic Coast Conference (football program independent, however).[133][134]

Purdue's baseball facility was named in honor of two alumni, Anna Margaret Ross Alexander and her husband, John Arthur Alexander, when the new stadium was dedicated in 2013.[135]

Football

The Boilermaker football team represents Purdue University in the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). Jeff Brohm is Purdue's current head coach, the 36th in the program's history. Purdue plays its home games at Ross-Ade Stadium on the campus of Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana. The Boilermakers compete in the Big Ten Conference as a member of the West Division. With a 592–515–48 record, Purdue has the 49th most victories among NCAA FBS programs. Purdue was originally classified as a Major College school in the 1937 season until 1972. Purdue received Division I classification in 1973, becoming a Division I-A program from 1978 to 2006 and an FBS program from 2006 to the present. The Boilermakers have registered 64 winning seasons in their history, with 19 of those seasons resulting in eight victories or more, 10 seasons resulting in at least nine wins, and just one season with ten victories or more. Of those successful campaigns, Purdue has produced five unbeaten seasons in its history, going 4–0 in 1891, 8–0 in 1892, 8–0 in 1929, 7–0–1 in 1932 and 9–0 in 1943. The Boilermakers have won a total of 12 conference championships in their history, including four Indiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association titles and eight Big Ten Conference titles. The program is also notable for being one of only two universities – the other being the University of Alabama – to produce three Super Bowl-winning quarterbacks.[136][137]

Found on a farm in southern Indiana, the Old Oaken Bucket is one of the oldest football trophies in the nation. The winner of the annual Purdue vs. Indiana University American football game gets to add a bronze "P" or "I" chain link and keep the trophy until the next face-off. Ironically, the first competition in 1925 led to a 0–0 tie, resulting in the first link on the chain being an "IP." Purdue currently leads the trophy series at 57-27-3.[138]

During "Breakfast Club", best described as a cross between a pep rally and a Halloween party, students and even some alumni dress up in costumes, from traditional Halloween garb to creative hand-made costumes, as they bar-hop before Boilermaker home football games. The Breakfast Club plays a significant role during the football season and is informally a part of Purdue tradition. Many Boilermaker fans are dedicated; getting up at 5:00 a.m. on Saturdays and lining up at the bars on Chauncey Hill and the levee by 6:00 a.m. on game days. The Breakfast Club tradition also takes place the day of the annual Purdue Grand Prix race in April.[139]

Basketball

The Purdue Boilermakers basketball team competes in NCAA Division I and is a member of the Big Ten Conference. In 2005, Matt Painter became the head coach in West Lafayette. Painter took over the head coaching job from the winningest coach in school history, Gene Keady, becoming the second former Boilermaker basketball player to take the lead role. Purdue basketball won its 24th Big 10 Conference Championship in 2019. This mark leads the conference, as Indiana University is second with 22. The Boilermakers have reached two NCAA Tournament Final Fours and won a non-NCAA recognized National Championship for the 1932 season, awarded several years later by the Helms Athletic Foundation. It has sent more than 30 players to the NBA including two overall No. 1 picks in the NBA draft. Purdue shares a traditional rivalry with in-state foe Indiana University and holds a 120–89 series lead. The Boilermaker men's and women's basketball teams have won more Big Ten Championships than any other conference school, with 31 regular-season conference titles and 10 Big Ten Tournament titles. Purdue men's basketball has an all-time winning record against all Big Ten schools except Ohio State, who hold a 90-88 overall record against the Boilermakers.[140]

People

Faculty

The original faculty of six in 1874 has grown to 2,563 tenured and tenure-track faculty in the Purdue Statewide System by Fall 2007 totals. The number of faculty and staff members system-wide is 18,872.[141] The current faculty includes scholars such as Arden L. Bement Jr. – Director of the National Science Foundation, R. Graham Cooks, Joseph Francisco, Douglas Comer, Louis de Branges de Bourcia (who proved the Bieberbach conjecture), Ei-ichi Negishi, Victor Raskin, Michael Rossmann (who mapped the human common cold virus), David Sanders, Leah Jamieson, James L. Mohler (who has written several manuals of computer graphics), Roxane Gay, and Samuel S. Wagstaff Jr. (inventor of the Wagstaff prime).[142]

Purdue's tenured faculty comprises sixty Academic Deans, Associate Deans, and Assistant Deans; 63 Academic Department Heads; 753 Professors; 547 Associate Professors; and 447 Assistant Professors. Purdue employs 892 non-tenure-track faculty, Lecturers, and Postdoctoral Researchers at its West Lafayette campus. Purdue employs another 691 tenured and 1,021 Non-Tenure Track Faculty, Lecturers, and Postdoctoral Researchers at its Regional Campuses and Statewide Technology unit.[141]

Two faculty members (chemists Herbert C. Brown and Ei-ichi Negishi) have been awarded Nobel Prizes while at Purdue. In all, 13 Nobel Prizes in five fields have been associated with Purdue including students, researchers, and current and previous faculty.[143] Other notable faculty of the past have included Golden Gate Bridge designer Charles Alton Ellis, efficiency expert Lillian Gilbreth, food safety advocate Harvey Wiley, aviator Amelia Earhart, president of the National Association of Mathematicians Edray Goins, radio pioneer Reginald Fessenden, and Yeram S. Touloukian, founder of the Thermophysical Properties Research Center.

Alumni

Purdue alumni have achieved recognition in a range of areas, particularly in the science, engineering, and aviation industries. The university's alumni pool collectively holds over 15,000 United States patents.[144]

Purdue alumni include 25 astronauts, including Gus Grissom, America's second man in space and first to fly in NASA's Gemini program, Neil Armstrong, the first to walk on the moon, and Eugene Cernan, the last astronaut to do so.[145] Over one-third of all of NASA's manned space missions have had at least one Purdue graduate as a crew member.[146]

In science, Purdue has also produced Nobel Prize–winning physicists in Edward Mills Purcell and Ben Roy Mottelson, as well as Nobel Prize–winning chemist Akira Suzuki. Other noted Purdue alumni in science include pioneer of robotics and remote control technology Thomas B. Sheridan; Debian founder Ian Murdock; Chinese physicist Deng Jiaxian, a founding father and key contributor to the Chinese nuclear weapon programs; mathematician Yitang Zhang; chemist Lawrence Rocks; biochemist Edwin T. Mertz, credited with the discovery of high-protein corn and beans; Indian chemist CNR Rao, who has been awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India;[147] engineer Mohamed Atalla who invented the MOS transistor;[148] physical organic chemist and advocate for women and minorities in science Nina Roscher, who received the ACS Award for Encouraging Women into Careers in the Chemical Sciences (1996) and the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring (1998);[149] and Professor Reuben J. Olembo, a geneticist and environmentalist who went on to become the deputy executive director of UNEP and a UN Assistant Secretary-General, and who was recognised by Purdue in 1994 with a Distinguished Alumni Award for Agriculture.[150]

In business and economics, Purdue alumni include Stephen Bechtel, Jr., owner of Bechtel Corporation; Federal Reserve Bank president Jeffrey Lacker; and popcorn specialist Orville Redenbacher. In 2010, Bloomberg also revealed Purdue was one of the universities in America with the most undergraduate alumni serving as chief executive officers of S&P 500 firms.[151] They are Gregory Wasson, president/CEO of Walgreens; Mark Miller, chairman/president/CEO of Stericycle; Charles Davidson, former chairman/CEO of Noble Energy; Samuel Allen, chairman /president/CEO of Deere & Company; Don Thompson, president/COO of McDonald's; and John C. Martin (businessman), chairman/CEO of Gilead Sciences, Inc.[152]

In government and culture, Purdue alumni include Pulitzer Prize–winners Booth Tarkington and John T. McCutcheon, as well as Ginger Thompson, former New York Times reporter currently with ProPublica;Akinwumi Adesina, former Nigerian minister of Agriculture and Rural development and current President of the African Development Bank; Essam Sharaf, former Egyptian Prime Minister; Tom Moore, theater and television director; James Thomson, CEO of Rand Corporation; Brian Lamb, founder and CEO of C-SPAN; Harry G. Leslie, former Governor of Indiana; Kirk Fordice, former Governor of Mississippi; Earl Butz, former United States Secretary of Agriculture; Birch Bayh, former United States Senator; Herman Cain, 2012 Presidential Candidate; David McKinley, current West Virginia Congressman; Sun Li-jen, former Kuomintang general; Rammohan Naidu Kinjarapu, Indian Parliament member; Dulquer Salmaan, Indian film actor; Blake Ragsdale Van Leer, former Georgia Tech president; Anthony W. Miller, former United States Deputy Secretary of Education; and Hugo F. Sonnenschein, former University of Chicago president. Richard O. Klemm, former CEO of Food Warming Equipment and Illinois state legislator, also graduated from Purdue University.[153]

In sports, Purdue has produced basketball coach John Wooden; basketball Hall of Famers Stretch Murphy, Piggy Lambert, and Rick Mount; NBA Champions Paul Hoffman, Herm Gilliam, Frank Kendrick, Jerry Sichting, Glenn Robinson, and Brian Cardinal; and NBA All-Stars Glenn Robinson, Brad Miller, Terry Dischinger, and Joe Barry Carroll. Purdue has three NFL Super Bowl–winning quarterbacks in Drew Brees, Bob Griese, and Len Dawson. Additionally, a total of 19 Purdue alumni have been on a Super Bowl–winning team اعتبارا من 2011.[154] Purdue also produced Super Bowl IV winning coach Hank Stram. Daytona 500 winner Ryan Newman graduated from Purdue with a bachelor's degree in vehicle structure engineering.[155]

Three Purdue alumni have received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award of the United States: Neil Armstrong, Brian Lamb, and John Wooden.

The Dauch Alumni Center acts as a showcase for the university's alumni. The 67,000-قدم-مربع (6,200 م2) center houses the offices of the Purdue Alumni Association and University Development. It is a destination and gathering area for the Purdue Alumni Association's 69,000 members and more than 410,000 living alumni.[156]

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Further reading

External links

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