العرس

(تم التحويل من عرس)

العرس أو الاحتفال بالزواج من المناسبات الهامة في حياة الشعوب على اختلاف مشاربها شرقية وغربية في الشمال والجنوب. وتختلف صور الاحتفال بالعرس من بلد لأخرى ومن شعب لآخر ، إلا أن القاسم المشترك فيما بينم هو الاشهار والاعلان بما يتناسب مع ثقافة وعادات وتقاليد الشعوب.

Wedding practices in different cultures.
Muslim wedding (Tunisia)
Same-sex civil wedding (United States)

تدخل المراسم الدينية في صميم الاحتفالات بالزفاف، فالزواج لا يتم في اليهودية والنصرانية إلا بمباركة رجال الدين.

تختلف حفلات الزفاف من بلد لأخر ومن شعب لأخر ، إلا أن القاسم المشترك هو وليمة الطعام ، والموسيقي ، والملبس الأنيق والبهجة التي تعم الناس احتفالاً بتلك الحياة الجديدة التي على وشك أن تبدأ.

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Common elements across cultures

 
Many cultures have adopted the traditional Western custom of the white wedding, when the bride wears a white wedding dress and veil. Painting by Edmund Leighton (1853–1922)
 
Wedding party at Stockholm's Lillienhoff Palace in 2017


Traditional wedding attire

  • Kua (or 裙褂 [kwàhn kwáa]), Chinese traditional formal wear
  • Batik and Kebaya, a garment worn by the Javanese people of Indonesia and also by the Malay people of Malaysia
  • Hanbok, the traditional garment of Korea
  • Barong Tagalog, an embroidered, formal men's garment of the Philippines
  • Kimono, the traditional garments of Japan
  • Sari/Lehenga, Indian popular and traditional dress in India
  • Dhoti, male garment in South India
  • Dashiki, the traditional West African wedding attire
  • Seshweshe, female dress worn by the Basotho women during special ceremonies. Although it has recently been adopted to men attire as well.
  • Ao dai, traditional garments of Vietnam
  • Ribbon shirt, often worn by American Indian men on auspicious occasions, such as weddings, another common custom is to wrap bride and groom in a blanket
  • Kilt, male garment particular to Scottish culture[1][2][3]
  • Kittel, a white robe worn by the groom at an Orthodox Jewish wedding. The kittel is worn only under the Chupah, and is removed before the reception.
  • Topor, a type of conical headgear traditionally worn by grooms as part of the Bengali Hindu wedding ceremony
  • Western code
    • Morning dress, western daytime formal dress
    • Stroller
    • White tie ("evening dress" in the UK; very formal evening attire)
    • Evening Suits
      • Black tie ("dinner jacket" in the UK; often referred to as a "tuxedo" in the US; traditionally appropriate only for use after 6:00 p.m. (not for weddings), but also seen in daytime, especially in the United States. It is considered inappropriate in Britain)
      • Non-traditional "tuxedo" variants (colored jackets/ties, "wedding suits")
    • Lounge suit
  • Sherwani, a long coat-like garment worn in South Asia
  • Wedding crown, worn by Syrian and Greek couples (which are called "τα στέφανα," which literally means "wreaths") and Scandinavian brides
  • Wedding veil
  • Wedding dress
  • Langa oni, traditional two piece garment worn by unmarried Telugu Hindu women.

Wedding music

Western weddings

Religious aspects of weddings

Customs associated with various religions and cultures

Christian customs

 
A couple exchange vows on the church altar during a ceremony in a Catholic Church.

Hindu customs

 
A girl with traditional gift of Gaye holud.
 
Bridegroom arrives on horseback at a Rajput wedding

Jewish customs

 
Jewish wedding

Muslim cultures

 
Bridal Portrait
 
Henna on the hands of a bride in Tunisia

A wedding is typically a happy time for families to celebrate. In the Muslim world, there are colorful, cultural variations from place to place.[4]

Two male witnesses who are the members of family in most cases, are required for Nikah. According to the Quran, a married Muslim couple, both husband and wife act as each other's protector and comforter and therefore only meant "for each other".

Chinese cultures

 
In traditional Chinese wedding ceremonies, bride arrives in a jiao


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Wedding types

Civil wedding

 
A 2004 California wedding between a Filipina bride and a Nigerian groom.

A civil wedding is a ceremony presided over by a local civil authority, such as an elected or appointed judge, Justice of the peace or the mayor of a locality. Civil wedding ceremonies may use references to God or a deity (except in UK law where readings and music are also restricted), but generally no references to a particular religion or denomination. They can be either elaborate or simple. Many civil wedding ceremonies take place in local town or city halls or courthouses in judges' chambers.[5]

Destination wedding

Military wedding

 
Saber arch at Military wedding in 1955, Argentinian Naval Officer in Dress Uniform and Bride

A military wedding is a ceremony conducted in a military chapel and may involve a Saber Arch. In most military weddings the bride, groom or both will wear a military dress uniform in lieu of civilian formal wear. Some retired military personnel who marry after their service has ended may opt for a military wedding.

Vow renewal wedding

A wedding vow renewal is a ceremony in which a married couple renews or reaffirms their wedding vows. Typically, this ceremony is held to commemorate a milestone wedding anniversary. It may also be held to recreate the marriage ceremony in the presence of family and friends, especially in the case of an earlier elopement.

Same-sex wedding

 
Taiwanese couple after wedding ceremony.


White wedding

 
White wedding


White wedding

 
White wedding

See also


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Notes

== المراجع ==

  1. ^ "Kilts: tightly woven into Scots culture". Scotsman. February 10, 2005. Archived from the original on February 2, 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
  2. ^ "The Scottish Kilt". Visit Scotland. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
  3. ^ Jim Murdoch. "Scottish Culture and Heritage: The Kilt". Scotsmart. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
  4. ^ Dodge, Christine Huda. "Islamic Wedding Party Customs". About.com. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  5. ^ Gavira, Juan. "Characteristics of a spanish wedding" Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Juangavira.com

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